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Negotiating Climate Change in Crisis

Negotiating Climate Change in Crisis Steffen Böhm and Sian Sullivan (eds)
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This work by eminent scholars from around the world offers a provocative and deeply insightful analysis of "the politics of paralysis and self-destruction” that have long hindered effective and equitable climate policy over the past 20 years. The book is very timely, and I hope will help to increase the sense of urgency for a deal that will save the planet and billions of poor people around the world that bear a disproportionate impact of climate change.

Prof Chukwumerije Okereke, Director Center of Climate Change and Development, Alex-Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, Nigeria


Every person of good will must work to make COP26 a decisive moment in the history of the world. This rich and eclectic collection offers a range of critical perspectives into the destructive role played by the coal, oil and gas sectors, and other crucial issues that will underpin the conference, as well as providing ideas for how we can yet secure a world of future flourishing.

David Ritter, CEO of Greenpeace Australia Pacific


This book presents perspectives from the Global South, highlighting voices from communities and sharing their daily lived experiences of climate change. These voices are often missing from international platforms such as COPs. The contributions included in the book are valuable for countries such as Namibia and others where the impacts of climate change are severe. Namibia strongly advocates for knowledge production regarding climate change and its impact on livelihoods, the coping mechanisms of vulnerable communities and their capacity to adapt.

Hon. Heather Mwiza Sibungo, Deputy Minister of Environment, Forestry and Tourism, Namibia

Bringing a wide range of social scientists together, this volume provides a much needed critical analysis of why meaningful action on climate change has been so elusive and what we can do about it. It asks the difficult questions and provides some promising answers.

Prof. Harriet Bulkeley, Durham University

One of the key challenges in responding to climate change is taking into account multiple perspectives across various theories and methods of research. Negotiating Climate Change in Crisis is a clear and thoughtfully organized anthology that rises to that challenge. Unlike some social science writing, this book is readily accessible to any generally interested reader. The contributors succeed in presenting a comprehensive, state-of-the-art report about social science perspectives on the climate crisis.
Sam Mickey, University of San Francisco



Climate change negotiations have failed the world. Despite more than thirty years of high-level, global talks on climate change, we are still seeing carbon emissions rise dramatically. This edited volume, comprising leading and emerging scholars and climate activists from around the world, takes a critical look at what has gone wrong and what is to be done to create more decisive action.

Composed of twenty-eight essays—a combination of new and republished texts—the anthology is organised around seven main themes: paradigms; what counts?; extraction; dispatches from a climate change frontline country; governance; finance; and action(s). Through this multifaceted approach, the contributors ask pressing questions about how we conceptualise and respond to the climate crisis, providing both ‘big picture’ perspectives and more focussed case studies.

This unique and extensive collection will be of great value to environmental and social scientists alike, as well as to the general reader interested in understanding current views on the climate crisis.



Negotiating Climate Change in Crisis
Steffen Böhm and Sian Sullivan (eds) | September 2021
472 pp. | 21 colour illustrations | 6.14" x 9.21" (234 x 156 mm)
ISBN Paperback: 9781800642607
ISBN Hardback: 9781800642614
ISBN Digital (PDF): 9781800642621
ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 9781800642638
ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 9781800642645
ISBN Digital (XML): 9781800642652
DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0265
Categories: BIC: RN (The environment), RNT (Social impact of environmental issues), RNA (Environmentalist thought and ideology), J (Society and social sciences), PSAF (Ecological science, the Biosphere); BISAC: SCI019000 (SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / General), SCI026000 (SCIENCE / Environmental Science), SCI042000 (SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Meteorology & Climatology), SOC026040 (SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / Social Theory). OCLC Number: 1273981482.


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List of Images and Videos

Acknowledgements

The Authors

Introduction: Climate Crisis? What Climate Crisis? Download
Steffen Böhm and Sian Sullivan

I PARADIGMS

1. One Earth, Many Futures, No Destination Download
Mike Hulme

2. From Efficiency to Resilience: Systemic Change towards Sustainability after COVID-19 Pandemic Download
Minna Halme, Eeva Furman, Eeva-Lotta Apajalahti, Jouni Jaakkola, Lassi Linnanen, Jari Lyytimäki, Mikko Mönkkänen, Arto O. Salonen, Katriina Soini, Katriina Siivonen, Tuuli Toivonen and Anne Tolvanen

3. On Climate Change Ontologies and the Spirit(s) of Oil Download
Sian Sullivan

II WHAT COUNTS?

4. Why Net Zero Policies Do More Harm than Good Download
James G. Dyke, Wolfgang Knorr and Robert Watson

5. The Carbon Bootprint of the US Military and Prospects for a Safer Climate Download
Patrick Bigger, Cara Kennelly, Oliver Belcher and Ben Neimark

6. Climate Migration Is about People, Not Numbers Download
David Durand-Delacre, Giovanni Bettini, Sarah L. Nash, Harald Sterly, Giovanna Gioli, Elodie Hut, Ingrid Boas, Carol Farbotko, Patrick Sakdapolrak, Mirjam de Bruijn, Basundhara Tripathy Furlong, Kees van der Geest, Samuel Lietaer and Mike Hulme

7. We’ll Always Have Paris Download
Mike Hannis

8. The Atmospheric Carbon Commons in Transition Download
Bruce Lankford

III EXTRACTION

9. The Mobilisation of Extractivism: The Social and Political Influence of the Fossil Fuel Industry Download
Christopher Wright and Daniel Nyberg

10. End the ‘Green’ Delusions: Industrial-Scale Renewable Energy is Fossil Fuel+ Download
Alexander Dunlap

11. I’m Sian, and I’m a Fossil Fuel Addict: On Paradox, Disavowal and (Im)Possibility in Changing Climate Change Download
Sian Sullivan

IV DISPATCHES FROM A CLIMATE CHANGE FRONTLINE COUNTRY—NAMIBIA, SOUTHERN AFRICA

12. Gendered Climate Change-Induced Human-Wildlife Conflicts (HWC) amidst COVID-19 in the Erongo Region, Namibia Download
Selma Lendelvo, Romie Nghitevelekwa and Mechtilde Pinto

13. Environmental Change in Namibia: Land-Use Impacts and Climate Change as Revealed by Repeat Photography Download
Rick Rohde, M. Timm Hoffman and Sian Sullivan

14. On Climate and the Risk of Onto-Epistemological Chainsaw Massacres: A Study on Climate Change and Indigenous People in Namibia Revisited Download
Ute Dieckmann

V GOVERNANCE

15. Towards a Fossil Fuel Treaty Download
Peter Newell

16. How Governments React to Climate Change: An Interview with the Political Theorists Joel Wainwright and Geoff Mann Download
Joel Wainwright and Geoff Mann

17. Inside Out COPs: Turning Climate Negotiations Upside Down Download
Shahrin Mannan, Saleemul Huq and Mizan R. Khan

18. Local Net Zero Emissions Plans: How Can National Governments Help? Download
Ian Bailey

19. Reversing the Failures of Climate Governance: Radical Action for Climate Justice Download
Paul G. Harris

VI FINANCE

20. Climate Finance and the Promise of Fake Solutions to Climate Change Download
Sarah Bracking

21. The Promise and Peril of Financialised Climate Governance Download
Rami Kaplan and David Levy

VII ACTION(S)

22. What Is to Be Done to Save the Planet? Download
Peter North

23. Climate Politics between Conflict and Complexity Download
Matthew Paterson

24. Sustainable Foodscapes: Hybrid Food Networks Creating Food Change Download
Rebecca Sandover

25. Telling the ‘Truth’: Communication of the Climate Protest Agenda in the UK Legacy Media Download
Sharon Gardham

26. Climate Justice Advocacy: Strategic Choices for Glasgow and Beyond Download
Patrick Bond

27. Public Engagement with Radical Climate Change Action Download
Lorraine Whitmarsh

28. Five Questions whilst Walking: For Those that Decided to Participate in Agir Pour le Vivant Download
Isabelle Fremeaux and Jay Jordan

Index

Eeva-Lotta Apajalahti is Research Coordinator at the Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Sciences, HELSUS, in the University of Helsinki. She received her DSc (2018) from Aalto University School of Business by focusing on the role of large energy companies in energy system transition. Her current research focuses on energy transitions in cities, connections between sustainable consumption and production, energy citizenship and energy communities. She is one of the coordinators of the Finnish Expert Panel for Sustainable Development.

Ian Bailey is Professor of Environmental Politics at the University of Plymouth, UK. His research interests include the politics of designing and regulating carbon markets, social attitudes to onshore and offshore renewable energy, and debates on environmental and social justice within sustainability transitions. He has worked as an expert reviewer for the IPCC Fifth and Sixth Assessment Reports and has advised the UK Environmental Audit Committee, Cabinet Office, European Commission, and World Bank on aspects of climate mitigation policy. He is currently a member of the Devon Climate Emergency Net Zero Task Force.

Oliver Belcher is Assistant Professor in International Relations & Security at the School of Government and International Affairs, Durham University. He has written extensively on late-modern warfare, including the U.S. military as a climate actor.

Giovanni Bettini is a Senior Lecturer in International Development and Climate Politics at Lancaster University. His research investigates how environmental change—in its planetary but uneven character, and entangled with a series of contemporary ‘crises’ and historical legacies—is generating new spaces, modes of governance, subjectivities and forms of resistance. He has published extensively on the links between climate change and human mobility, and more recently on the role of ‘the digital’ in reshaping adaptation, resilience, and justice.

Patrick Bigger is an Honorary Research Fellow at Lancaster University. In addition to work on US military operations and their climate impacts, his research focuses on private investment for biodiversity conservation and climate adaptation.

Ingrid Boas is an Associate Professor at the Environmental Policy Group of Wageningen University. Ingrid conducts research in the fields of environmental change, mobilities, and governance. Her PhD (University of Kent, 2014) examined the securitisation of climate migration, and was funded by the UK Economic Social Research Council. In 2016, she was awarded a personal grant with the Netherlands Scientific Organization to study environmental mobility in the digital age. Ingrid’s work has appeared in Global Environmental Politics, Environmental Politics, Geoforum, the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Nature Climate Change, and in a monograph on climate migration and security with Routledge (2015).

Steffen Böhm is Professor in Organisation & Sustainability at University of Exeter Business School. His research focuses on the political economy and ecology of the sustainability transition. He has published five books: Repositioning Organization Theory (Palgrave, 2006), Against Automobility (Wiley-Blackwell, 2006), Upsetting the Offset: The Political Economy of Carbon Markets (Mayfly), The Atmosphere Business (Mayfly, 2009), and Ecocultures: Blueprints for Sustainable Communities (Routledge, 2015). The book Climate Activism (with Annika Skoglund) is forthcoming with Cambridge. More details at www.steffenboehm.net.

Patrick Bond is an Honorary Professor of Geography at Wits University, both in South Africa. His doctorate (1993) was in Geography under David Harvey’s supervision. Among his political ecology books are Unsustainable South Africa: Environment, Development and Social Protest (Merlin Press, 2002); Looting Africa: The Economics of Exploitation (Zed Books, 2006); and Politics of Climate Justice: Paralysis Above, Movement Below (University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2012).

Sarah Bracking is Professor of Climate and Society at King’s College London, UK. She is editor of Corruption and Development (Palgrave, 2007); author of Money and Power (Pluto, 2009) and The Financialisation of Power (Routledge, 2016); and co-editor with Sian Sullivan, Philip Woodhouse, and Aurora Fredrikson of Valuing Development, Environment and Conservation: Creating Values that Matter (Routledge, 2019). She is currently researching climate and development finance, climate insurance and the wider political economy of development in southern Africa.

Mirjam de Bruijn is Professor in Contemporary History and Anthropology of Africa at Leiden University and the African Studies Centre Leiden (ASCL). Her specific fields of interest are mobility, youth, social (in)security, and Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). She is an interdisciplinary scholar with a basis in social anthropology. In 2016 she founded the organisation Voice4thought (www.Voice4Thought.org) and is director of the project Voice4Thought Académie, based in Mali. Mirjam teaches ‘innovative methods and methodology’ in the BA and MA African Studies programmes. Her recent publications are on ICTs and society, radicalisation, and youth.

Ute Dieckmann is an anthropologist at the University of Cologne and currently German Principal Investigator for Etosha-Kunene Histories (www.etosha-kunene-histories.net), supported by the German Research Foundation and the UK’s Arts and Humanities Research Council. For many years, she has worked at the Legal Assistance Centre in Windhoek, doing research with and advocacy for marginalised and indigenous communities in Namibia.

David Durand-Delacre is a PhD candidate in the Department of Geography at the University of Cambridge. Combining media analysis and interviews with academic researchers, journalists, NGOs, and policymakers, his thesis investigates the emergence and evolution of debates at the intersection of climate change and migration in France. David previously worked as an analyst for the United Nations Sustainable Development Network. In this role, he collected and analysed indicators for two editions of the network’s flagship Sustainable Development Report (2015 and 2016). From 2015 to 2018, he also volunteered and then became President of Réfugiés Bienvenue, a Paris-based NGO providing housing to homeless asylum seekers.

Alexander Dunlap is a Post-doctoral Research Fellow at the Centre for Development and the Environment, University of Oslo. His work has critically examined police-military transformations, market-based conservation, wind energy development, and extractive projects more generally in both Latin America and Europe. He has published in Anarchist Studies, Geopolitics, Journal of Peasant Studies, CapitalismNatureSocialism, Political Geography, Journal of Political Ecology, Environment and Planning E, and a recent article in Globalizations.

James G. Dyke is a Senior Lecturer in Global Systems at the University of Exeter where he serves as the Assistant Director for the Global Systems Institute and programme director for the MSc Global Sustainability Solutions. He has previously held visiting positions at the Earth-Life Systems Institute at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, and the School of Geography at the University of Southampton. He is an environmental columnist for UK newspaper the i. His book Fire, Storm & Flood: The Violence of Climate Change (2021) is published by Head of Zeus / Bloomsbury. More details can be found at jamesgdyke.info.

Carol Farbotko is an Adjunct Fellow in Geography at the University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia. She is a cultural geographer with research interests in climate mobilities and the politics of climate risk. Much of her work is focused on climate change mobilities in the Pacific Islands.

Isabelle Fremeauxis apopular educator, action researcher and deserter of the neoliberal academy where for a decade she was Senior Lecturer in Media and Cultural Studies at Birkbeck, University of London. With Jay Jordan, Isabelle coordinates The Laboratory of Insurrectionary Imagination, bringing artists and activists together to design tools and acts of disobedience. Co-authors of the film and book Paths Through Utopias (La Découverte, 2011), they live and work on the zad of Notre-dame-des-landes, where an international airport project was abandoned after 50 years of struggle.

Eeva Furman is the Director of the Environmental Policy Center at the Finnish Environment Institute. Her background is in marine biology, and for the last twenty years she has worked with environmental governance. Her core interests are science-policy-society, the co-creation of sustainability transformations, and active citizenship. Her background is in biodiversity governance, ecosystem service management and sustainable development, and she engages actively internationally. She co-authored The Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR) with fourteen other scientists—the report was handed to the heads of the UN’s member states in the General Assembly held in September 2019. She is the Chair of the Finnish Expert Panel for Sustainable Development.

Sharon Gardham received her MA in Environmental Humanities from Bath Spa University and has a degree in History and Heritage Management from the University of Gloucestershire. She is currently undertaking PhD research at Bath Spa involving a multi and trans-disciplinary examination of the Cotswold Commons.

Giovanna Gioli is a Senior Lecturer in Human Geography at Bath Spa University. She has held research and teaching posts at several international universities, as well as a lectureship at the University of Edinburgh. She has also worked for various development organisations in South Asia, including the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in Kathmandu, Nepal.

Minna Halme is Professor of Sustainability Management at Aalto University School of Business. Her research focuses on co-creation of sustainable innovations in the context of grand challenges. She is Associate Editor of Organization & Environment, and on the editorial boards of several journals in the field of sustainability and management. She is a member of a number of national industry and public policy boards, including Finland’s Expert Panel for Sustainable Development, and sits on the advisory boards of Finland’s largest retailer SOK and the Central Chamber of Commerce. She is a co-founder of Aalto University’s cross-disciplinary Creative Sustainability Master’s programme, Aalto Sustainability Hub, and Aalto Global Impact.

Mike Hannis is Senior Lecturer in Ethics, Politics and Environment at Bath Spa University, UK. His academic publications include Freedom and Environment: Autonomy, Human Flourishing and the Political Philosophy of Sustainability (Routledge, 2016). He lives off-grid in Somerset, and is an editor and feature writer for The Land magazine.

Paul G. Harris (www.paulgharris.net) is the Chair Professor of Global and Environmental Studies at the Education University of Hong Kong and a Senior Research Fellow in the Earth System Governance global research alliance. He is author/editor of twenty-five books on climate change and global environmental politics, policy and justice. His most recent books include, as author, Pathologies of Climate Governance: International Relations, National Politics and Human Nature (Cambridge University Press, 2021) and, as editor, A Research Agenda for Climate Justice (Edward Elgar, 2019).

M. Timm Hoffman is the Leslie Hill Chair of Plant Conservation in the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Cape Town and is the Director of the Plant Conservation Unit. He uses repeat photography to understand long-term changes in the vegetation of southern Africa.

Mike Hulme is Professor of Human Geography at the University of Cambridge. His work illuminates the numerous ways in which the idea of climate change is deployed in public, political, religious, and scientific discourse, exploring both its historical, cultural and scientific origins and its contemporary meanings. He is the author of nine books on climate change, including most recently Climate Change: Key Ideas in Geography (Routledge, 2021), Contemporary Climate Change Debates (Routledge, 2020) and Why We Disagree About Climate Change (Cambridge University Press, 2009). From 2000 to 2007 Hulme was the Founding Director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research.

Saleemul Huq is an expert in the field of climate change, environment and development. He has worked extensively in the inter-linkages between climate change mitigation, adaptation and sustainable development, from the perspective of developing countries, particularly the least developed countries (LDCs). He was a lead author of the chapter on ‘Adaptation and Sustainable Development’ in the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and was one of the coordinating lead-authors of ‘Inter-relationships between adaptation and mitigation’ in the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report (2007). He has taught at Imperial College, the University of Dhaka, and the United Nations University. He was the founder, and is currently the Chairman, of the Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS), a leading research and policy institute in Bangladesh.

Elodie Hut is a PhD candidate at the Hugo Observatory (University of Liège, Belgium), where she previously worked as a research assistant, conducting research for the MIGRADAPT project (on migration as a potential adaptation strategy to environmental changes). Prior to this, Elodie successively worked at the UNHCR and the IOM in South Africa, for GIZ in Senegal, and in a disaster risk reduction consultancy firm in South Africa. Elodie holds a Master’s degree in Humanitarian Action and Law from the Institute of International Humanitarian Studies of Aix-en-Provence, as well a second Master’s in International Relations from Sciences Po Aix.

Jouni J. K. Jaakkola is Professor of Public Health at the University of Oulu and Research Professor at the Finnish Meteorological Institute. He has broad long-term interests in global health. From the early 1990s he has pursued an international academic career working in Norway, Russia, the US, Sweden, and the UK. In 2008 he established the Center for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research (CERH) at the University of Oulu. In 2014 CERH was designated as a WHO Collaborating Centre in Global Change, Environment and Public Health. His professional mission is to conduct research on topics which help to solve emerging global public health problems. He is a member of the Expert Panel for Sustainable Development.

Jay Jordan (formerly John Jordan) is an art activist described as a "magician of rebellion” by the press and a "Domestic Extremist” by the UK police. Co-founder of "Reclaim the Streets” (1995–2000) and the ClandestineInsurgent Rebel Clown Army,Jay has co-authored We Are Everywhere: The Irresistible Rise of Global Anticapitalism (Verso, 2003) and A User’s Guide to Demanding the Impossible (with Gavin Grindon, Minor Compositions, 2011). With Isabelle Fremeaux, Jay coordinates The Laboratory of Insurrectionary Imagination, bringing artists and activists together to design tools and acts of disobedience. Co-authors of the film and book Paths Through Utopias (La Découverte, 2011), they live and work on the zad of Notre-dame-des-landes, where an international airport project was abandoned after 50 years of struggle.

Rami Kaplan is a political and organizational sociologist at Tel Aviv University. He studies various aspects of global corporate capitalism, including its historical emergence and spread, corporate power and social responsibility, global diffusion of organizational practices, transnational business elite networks, global environmental politics, and the spread of populist rationality. His comparative research spans the USA, the UK, Germany, Venezuela, the Philippines, Israel, and the supra-national level.

Cara Kennelly holds a Master’s by research in Carbon Accounting from Lancaster University and has supported a variety of carbon emissions research projects. She is currently the Sustainability Manager for VINCI Facilitie.

Mizan R. Khan is Deputy Director at the International Centre for Climate Change & Development (ICCCAD) and Programme Director of the LDC Universities’ Consortium on Climate Change (LUCCC) at ICCCAD, Independent University Bangladesh, Dhaka. He served at North South University (NSU), Dhaka as Chair of the Department of Environmental Science & Management (DESM) from 2003–2009 and was Director of External Affairs at NSU in 2015. He was also an Adjunct Professor at the Natural Resources Institute (NRI), University of Manitoba, Canada, from 2009–2013.

Wolfgang Knorr is a Senior Researcher in the Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, Lund University. A physicist by training, he has published extensively on a broad range of climate and climate impacts research, including the global carbon cycle, climate impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, fire ecology, plant physiology, soil science, land surface-atmosphere feedbacks, and forestry for climate mitigation. He led a research group at the Max-Planck-Institutes for Meteorology and Biogeochemistry, served as the Deputy Leader of a major UK Earth system modeling research programme, and served for many years as editor for the American Physical Union, and as advisor to the European Commission and the European Space Agency.

Bruce Lankford is Emeritus Professor of Water and Irrigation Policy at the University of East Anglia, UK. He has more than thirty-five years of experience in agriculture, irrigation, and water resources management. His research interests are irrigation policy in Sub-Saharan Africa, serious games in natural resource management, irrigation efficiency and the paracommons, river basin management and water allocation, and irrigated catchment resilience.

Selma Lendelvo holds a PhD in Conservation Biology from the University of Namibia. She is Director of Grants Management and Resource Mobilisation at the University of Namibia (UNAM). She has been extensively involved in research with UNAM since 2001, mainly focusing on the field of environmental management and sustainable natural resources management across Namibia and abroad. She is interested in Natural Resources Management and Land Reform including wildlife management, community-based tourism, conservancy management, environmental management, rural development and gender. She is currently also the Namibian Principal Investigator for Etosha-Kunene Histories (www.etosha-kunene-histories.net).

David L. Levy is Professor of Management at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and was a co-founder of the Sustainable Solutions Lab there. David, an Aspen Institute Faculty Pioneer Award Winner, conducts research on corporate and societal responses to climate change. His work explores strategic contestation over the governance and finance of controversial issues engaging business, governments, and NGOs, such as climate change and sustainability standards. David has spoken and published widely on these topics, for both academic and practitioner audiences.

Samuel Lietaer is an environmental social scientist working on the subjective dimensions of human interactions with environmental change, with a focus on marginal regions of low-income countries. He is currently working for the MIGRADAPT research project in Senegal, alongside which he is writing a PhD thesis at the Centre d’Etudes du Développement Durable (CEDD) of the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB). Both the project and his PhD dig further into translocal mechanisms of (political) remittances serving as adaptation strategies to environmental changes in Senegalese home communities. Previously, Samuel obtained his Master’s in both Political Science and Law. He worked as a climate policy officer at 11.11.11, the overarching development NGO in Belgium. He also conducted research for the Belgian Development Cooperation in the field of climate-compatible private-sector development using perception approaches.

Lassi Linnanen is Professor of Environmental Economics and Management at LUT University, Lahti, Finland. Before joining academia, he was the CEO and co-founder of Gaia Group, a leading Finnish energy and environmental consultancy. He has also engaged in active management of over ten spin-off companies with business ideas around sustainable technology and management. He is a former member of the Finnish Climate Change Panel (2016–2019) and current Vice Chairman of the Finnish Expert Panel for Sustainable Development (2019-).

Jari Lyytimäki (PhD) works as a Senior Researcher at the Finnish Environment Institute, Environmental Policy Centre. He is also an Adjunct Professor at the University of Helsinki, Finland. His research interests cover various fields of environmental studies, including climate and energy issues, sustainability indicators, media analysis, risk communication and societal utilisation of scientific results. He is one of the coordinators of the Finnish Expert Panel for Sustainable Development.

Geoff Mann is Professor of Geography and Director of the Center for Global Political Economy at Simon Fraser University (Canada).

Shahrin Mannan is a Senior Research Officer at the International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) where, under the Locally Led Adaptation and Resilience programme, she currently manages three different projects related to community resilience, water, and livelihood security. She also manages ICCCAD’s recently launched small grants programme and is the lead for its gender programme. She is actively involved in training and mentoring national and international students, grassroot representatives both online and in-person, and organised a side event at the COP25 in Madrid, presenting work on "Strengthening Climate Actions: Need for Decentralizing Climate Finance”. By training, she is an urban planner, having graduated from the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) and later completing her Master’s in Development Studies at the University of Dhaka.

Mikko Mönkkönen is a Professor in Applied Ecology at the University of Jyväskylä. He leads the Boreal Ecosystems Research Group (BERG), a multidisciplinary research team studying the environmental and social impacts of natural resource use in boreal forests. This work combines socioeconomic scenario analyses, life-cycle analyses, environmental impact assessment using ecosystem service and biodiversity models, and forest planning optimisation tools. He is a member of Finland’s Expert Panel for Sustainable Development.

Sarah Louise Nash is a political scientist working on climate change politics and policy, especially at the intersection of climate change and human mobilities, and is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU) in Vienna. She holds a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship for her project "Climate Diplomacy and Uneven Policy Responses on Climate Change and Human Mobility” (CLIMACY). Her first book, Negotiating Migration in the Context of Climate Change. International Policy and Discourse, was published in 2019 by Bristol University Press. Sarah holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Hamburg.

Benjamin Neimark is a Senior Lecturer at Lancaster University, UK. He is a human geographer and political ecologist who focuses on the green economy, resource extraction, high-value commodity chains, smallholders, agrarian change and development. Although he has a geographic focus on Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar, he also conducts research on the US military as a climate actor.

Peter Newell is a Professor of International Relations at the University of Sussex and co-founder and Research Director of the Rapid Transition Alliance. He has undertaken research, advocacy and consultancy work on different aspects of climate change for over twenty-five years. He sits on the board of directors of Greenpeace UK, is a board member of the Brussels-based NGO Carbon Market Watch and a member of the advisory board of the Greenhouse think-tank. His single and co-authored books include Climate for Change (Cambridge University Press, 2000), Governing Climate Change (Routledge, 2010), Climate Capitalism (Cambridge University Press, 2010), Transnational Climate Change Governance (Cambridge University Press, 2014), and Power Shift: The Global Political Economy of Energy Transitions (Cambridge University Press, 2021).

Romie Nghitevelekwa holds a PhD in Anthropology from the University of Freiburg, Germany. She lectures in the subject areas of sociology of development, sociology of the environment, and rural sociology at the University of Namibia. Her research focuses on land reform, land rights, security of land tenure, land markets, land use and land-use change in rural areas, community conservation, rural socio-economic, and territorial restructuring. She is the author of Securing Land Rights: Communal Land Reform in Namibia (University of Namibia Press, 2020).

Peter North is Professor of Alternative Economies in the Department of Geography and Planning at the University of Liverpool. His research focuses on the politics of climate change and ecologically-focused social movements engaged in struggles about the implications of anthropogenic climate change and resource constraints for both humans and the wider ecosystems upon which we depend, and, using ‘diverse economies’ frameworks, understanding social and solidarity economies as tools for constructing more convivial, liveable, and sustainable worlds.

Daniel Nyberg is a Professor of Management at the University of Newcastle, Australia. His research explores the political activities of corporations, with a particular focus on how corporations engage both internally and externally with the climate catastrophe.

Matthew Paterson is Professor of International Politics at the University of Manchester and Research Director of the Sustainable Consumption Institute. His research has focused for thirty years on the political economy, global governance, and cultural politics of climate change. His latest work is In Search of Climate Politics (Cambridge University Press, 2021).

Mechtilde Pinto holds a Bachelor’s degree in Tourism Management and is currently pursuing her Master’s degree at the University of Namibia. Her research focus areas and interests are in natural resource management, community-based conservation, and community based-tourism. With Selma Lendelvo and Sian Sullivan, she is a co-author of ’A perfect storm? COVID-19 and community-based conservation in Namibia’ (Namibian Journal of Environment, 2020).

Rick Rohde is a retired Research Fellow at the University of Edinburgh and Research Associate at the University of Cape Town. His interests include the environmental history of cultural landscapes, and historical and political ecology, primarily in Namibia, South Africa and Scotland. Visual ethnography and outsider photography are abiding interests that have found expression in projects in Namibia and South Africa.

Patrick Sakdapolrak is Professor at the Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna, Austria, where he leads the Working Group for Population Geography and Demography. He is also a Research Scholar at the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, Austria. His research field is at the interface of population dynamics, environmental change, and development processes, with a focus on the topics of migration and displacement as well as health and disease, mainly in South- and Southeast Asia and East Africa.

Arto O. Salonen is Professor of Social Pedagogy and Sustainable Well-Being at the University of Eastern Finland, Faculty of Social Sciences and Business Studies, and a member of the Expert Panel for Sustainable Development. He is also an Adjunct Professor at the following universities: the University of Helsinki (education), the Finnish National Defence University (sustainable development), and the University of Eastern Finland (eco-social wellbeing). The title of his doctoral dissertation was Sustainable Development and its Promotion in a Welfare Society in a Global Age. His recent empirical research is on sustainable food, mobility and consumption, as well as active citizenship.

Rebecca Sandover is a Lecturer in Human Geography at The University of Exeter who undertakes Engaged Research focused on Sustainable Food Networks. Using a knowledge co-production approach, she has in recent years been investigating action toward the formation of sustainable food networks in the South West UK. Her research is particularly focused on building local food partnerships with local authorities, boosting access to sustainable local food, addressing food insecurity and addressing food-policy-related issues of health and wellbeing. She has been recently researching Public Participation in Climate Change policy making, exploring stakeholders’ perceptions of the Devon Climate Emergency’s Climate Assembly.

Katriina Siivonen is Vice Director and University Lecturer in Futures Studies at Finland Futures Research Centre, University of Turku (UTU), and Adjunct Professor in Cultural Heritage Studies (UTU). She holds several academic and societal board positions, including being Vice Chair of the Expert Panel for Sustainable Development in Finland, and she chairs the Advisory Board of the implementation of the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Finland. She is an expert in qualitative research, participatory methodology, identities, heritage futures, and cultural sustainability transformation, and leads research on these themes.

Katriina Soini is Adjunct Professor and a Principal Research Scientist and Research Manager at the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke) in the field of Resilient Society. She has a background in Human Geography and her research has focused broadly on sustainability and sustainable governance in the rural context. Recently she has been working on sustainability transition/transformations and methods and theories of sustainability science. Soini has been leading a COST Action IS1007 on Culture and Sustainability and she is the editor of the Routledge Studies in Culture and Sustainable Development series. She is one of the coordinators of the Finnish Expert Panel for Sustainable Development.

Harald Sterly is a Senior Researcher at the Population Geography and Demography Working Group at the Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna, Austria. He works on the nexus of environmental migration with a special focus on the spatial and social aspects of migration, urbanisation, and technological change, and how the latter contribute to changes in vulnerable groups’ scope for agency and their vulnerability and resilience.

Sian Sullivan is Professor of Environment and Culture at Bath Spa University and UK Principal Investigator for Etosha-Kunene Histories (www.etosha-kunene-histories.net). She is an environmental anthropologist, cultural geographer and political ecologist working to recognise diversity in perceptions and representations of the natural world, amidst contemporary concern about climate change and species decline. Over the last few years she has led an Arts and Humanities Research Council project called Future Pasts (www.futurepasts.net) focusing on understandings of sustainability in the conservation and cultural landscapes of west Namibia. She has also researched the ‘financialisation of nature’—see The Natural Capital Myth (www.the-natural-capital-myth.net).

Tuuli Toivonen is a geographer and a Professor of Geoinformatics at the University of Helsinki. Her research focuses on spatial analyses and novel use of big and open data to support sustainable spatial planning. She is particularly interested in active and healthy mobility and the use of green spaces in urban areas and beyond. She is a member of a number of university and national policy boards, including Finland’s Expert Panel for Sustainable Development. She leads the Geography BSc and MSc study programmes and the multidisciplinary Digital Geography Lab at the University of Helsinki.

Anne Tolvanen is a Professor in the ecology and multiple use of forests and the Programme Director of LandClimate research programme in the Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke). Her work concentrates on the reconciliation of land uses to mitigate climate change and safeguard biodiversity in a sustainable and controllable manner. Her group develops models and tools that are used in the planning and management of peatland and forest ecosystems. She represents Luke in numerous domestic and international boards and working groups related to natural resources use, including the Finnish Expert Panel for Sustainable Development and the Society of Ecological Restoration (SER).

Basundhara Tripathy Furlong is a PhD candidate at Wageningen University and Research in the Netherlands. She is an anthropologist by training and her research interests include climate change, human mobility, gender, resilience, the anthropology-development nexus, and environment. She obtained her MSc in Social Anthropology from the University of Oxford in 2012 and completed her undergraduate studies at the University of Delhi in Sociology (Hons.). She was a Lecturer at the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh and carried out empirical research in India and Bangladesh.

Kees van der Geest (PhD) is Head of the "Environment and Migration: Interactions and Choices” (EMIC) Section at the United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS). As a human geographer he applies a people-centred perspective to study the impacts of climate change, human mobility, environmental risk, adaptation, livelihood resilience, and rural development. His work has contributed substantially to expanding the empirical evidence base on migration-environment linkages and impacts of climate change beyond adaptation ("loss and damage”). Kees has extensive fieldwork experience in the Global South, for example in Ghana, Burkina Faso, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Nepal, Marshall Islands and Bolivia.

Joel Wainwright is Professor of Geography at Ohio State University (USA).

Robert Watson is Emeritus Professor at the University of East Anglia. Robert is a physical chemist specialising in atmospheric science issues and a leading authority on the science of climate change due to human activity. His career spans research and advisory roles, including key roles with NASA, as a science policy adviser to US President Bill Clinton, and at the World Bank. For the UK government, Robert was Chief Scientific Adviser to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. He has served as Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Inter Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

Lorraine Whitmarsh is a Professor in Environmental Psychology, specialising in perceptions and behaviour in relation to climate change, energy and transport, based in the Department of Psychology, University of Bath. She is Director of the ESRC-funded UK Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformations (CAST). She regularly advises governmental and other organisations on low-carbon behaviour change and climate change communication, and is Lead Author for IPCC’s Working Group II Sixth Assessment Report. Her research projects have included studies of energy efficiency behaviours, waste reduction and carrier bag reuse, perceptions of smart technologies and electric vehicles, low-carbon lifestyles, and responses to climate change.

Christopher Wright is a Professor of Organisational Studies at the University of Sydney Business School and key researcher at the Sydney Environment Institute. His research explores organisational responses to climate change, with a particular focus on corporate environmentalism, risk, identity, and future imaginings. He is the author (with Daniel Nyberg) of the book Climate Change, Capitalism and Corporations: Processes of Creative Self-Destruction (Cambridge University Press, 2015).