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A Handbook and Reader of Ottoman Arabic

 A Handbook and Reader of Ottoman Arabic    Esther-Miriam Wagner (ed.)
Paperback ISBN: 978-1-78374-941-6 £21.95
Hardback ISBN: 978-1-78374-942-3 £36.95
PDF ISBN: 978-1-78374-943-0 £0.00

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Written forms of Arabic composed during the era of the Ottoman Empire present an immensely fruitful linguistic topic. Extant texts display a proximity to the vernacular that cannot be encountered in any other surviving historical Arabic material, and thus provide unprecedented access to Arabic language history.

This rich material remains very little explored. Traditionally, scholarship on Arabic has focussed overwhelmingly on the literature of the various Golden Ages between the 8th and 13th centuries, whereas texts from the 15th century onwards have often been viewed as corrupted and not worthy of study. The lack of interest in Ottoman Arabic culture and literacy left these sources almost completely neglected in university courses.

This volume is the first linguistic work to focus exclusively on varieties of Christian, Jewish and Muslim Arabic in the Ottoman Empire of the 15th to the 20th centuries, and present Ottoman Arabic material in a didactic and easily accessible way. Split into a Handbook and a Reader section, the book provides a historical introduction to Ottoman literacy, translation studies, vernacularisation processes, language policy and linguistic pluralism. The second part contains excerpts from more than forty sources, edited and translated by a diverse network of scholars.

The material presented includes a large number of yet unedited texts, such as Christian Arabic letters from the Prize Paper collections, mercantile correspondence and notebooks found in the Library of Gotha, and Garshuni texts from archives of Syriac patriarchs.




A Handbook and Reader of Ottoman Arabic
Esther-Miriam Wagner (ed.) | September 2021
488pp. | 4 B&W or colour illustration | 6.14" x 9.21" (234 x 156 mm)
Semitic Languages and Cultures | ISSN: 2632-6906 (Print); 2632-6914 (Online)
ISBN Paperback: 9781783749416
ISBN Hardback: 9781783749423
ISBN Digital (PDF): 9781783749430
DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0208
Subject Codes: BIC: CFF (Historical and comparative linguistics), CFP (Translation and interpretation); BISAC: REL006020 (RELIGION / Biblical Biography / General), LAN009010 (LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Historical & Comparative). OCLC Number: 1268361369.


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Contents

Introduction Download
Esther-Miriam Wagner

I.HANDBOOK

1. Vernacularisation in the Ottoman Empire: Is Arabic the Exception that Proves the Rule? Download
Michiel Leezenberg

2. From Means to Goal: Auxiliary Disciplines in the Ottoman Madrasa Curriculum Download
Necmettin Kızılkaya

3. On the Order of the Sciences for He Who Wants to Learn Them Download
Guy Burak

4. Rumi Authors, the Arabic Historiographical Tradition, and the Ottoman Dawla/Devlet Download
Guy Burak

5. Arabic Grammar Books in Ottoman Istanbul: The South Asian Connection Download
Christopher D. Bahl

6. Bastards and Arabs Download
E. Khayyat

II. READER

1. Bodl. Ms. Heb. C. 72/18: A Letter by Isaac Bayt ʿAṭṭān to Moses B. Judah (1480s) Download
Dotan Arad and Esther-Miriam Wagner

2. The Purim Scroll of the Cairene Jewish Community Download
Benjamin Hary

3. Appointment Deed of a Cantor in the Karaite Community, Cairo (1575) Download
Dotan Arad

4. Aharon Garish, Metsaḥ Aharon Download
Naḥem Ilan

5. Kitāb Hazz al-Quḥūf (1600s) Download
Humphrey Taman Davies

6. A Weaver’s Notebook from Aleppo (10th/16th century) Download
Boris Liebrenz and Kristina Richardson

7. Selections from Arabic Garshūnī Manuscripts in the British Library Download
Michael Erdman

8. Excerpt from Yūsuf al-Maġribī’s Dafʿ al-iṣr ʿan kalām ahl Miṣr (1606) Download
Liesbeth Zack

9. Lebanon: Chronicle of al-Ṣafadī (early 17th century [?]) Download
Jérôme Lentin

10. A Jew’s Testimony Regarding a Statement Made in His Presence by a Muslim, Testified on Monday 20th Kislev 5418 (1657) Download
Werner Diem

11. A Jew’s Testimony Regarding a Statement Made in His Presence by a Muslim (1681) Download
Werner Diem

12. A Basra Passover Haggadah with Judaeo-Arabic Translation (ca. 1700) Download
Omer Shafran

13. Qahwa ‘Coffee’ (16th–17th centuries) Download
Ghayde Ghraowi

14. Egypt: Damurdāšī’s Chronicle of Egypt (first half of 18th century) Download
Jérôme Lentin

15. Matenadaran Collection MS No.1751: A Medical Work (1726) Download
Ani Avetisyan

16. A Clerical Letter by Rafael al-Ṭūḵī from the Prize Papers Collections (1758) Download
Esther-Miriam Wagner and Mohamed Ahmed

17. A Christian Mercantile Letter from the Prize Papers Collections (1759) Download
Esther-Miriam Wagner and Mohamed Ahmed

18. Ḥannā al-Ṭabīb, Riḥlat al-Shammās Ḥannā al-Ṭabīb ilā baldat Istanbūl (1764/65) Download
Feras Krimsti

19. Syria 1: Chronicle of Ibn al-Ṣiddīq (1768) Download
Jérôme Lentin

20. A Letter Transmitted by Ambassador Hajj Mahdī Bargash from Sultan Muḥammad Bin ʿAbdallah to Sultan Abdul Ḥamīd (1789 CE) Download
Ahmed Ech-Charfi

21. Arab Merchant Letters from the Gotha Collection of Arabic Manuscripts Download
Boris Liebrenz

22. A Judaeo-Arabic Letter from the Prize Papers Collection, HCA 32/1208/126.2 (1796) Download
Matthew Dudley

23. The Cairo-Ramla Manuscripts, or the Ramle KAR, 13 (1800s) Download
Olav Ørum

24. A 19th-Century Judaeo-Arabic Folk Narrative Download
Magdalen M. Connolly

25. Libya 1: Ḥasan al-Faqīh Ḥasan’s Chronicle Al-Yawmiyyāt al-Lībiyya (early 19th century) Download
Jérôme Lentin

26. Libya 2: Letter from Ġūma al-Maḥmūdī (1795–1858) to ʿAzmī Bēk, Daftardār of the ʾIyāla (Province) of Tripoli (undated) Download
Jérôme Lentin

27. T-S NS 99.38 (1809) Download
Geoffrey Khan and Esther-Miriam Wagner

28. Rylands Genizah Collection A 803 (1825) Download
Esther-Miriam Wagner and Mohamed Ahmed

29. Syria 2: Chronicle of Muḥammad Saʿīd al-ʾUsṭuwānī (1840–1861) Download
Jérôme Lentin

30. Arabia: A Letter from Abdallah Ḥiṣānī to ʿAbdallah Bāšā (1855) Download
Jérôme Lentin

31. Excerpts from Yaʿqūb Ṣanūʿ’s Abū Naḍḍāra Zarʾa and ʿAbd Allāh al-Nadīm’s al-Ustāḏ Download
Liesbeth Zack

32. A Disgruntled Bishop: A Garshūnī Letter from Bishop Dinḥā of Midyat to Patriarch Peter III Download
George Kiraz

33. Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Jarādī: Sīrat al-Ḵawāja al-ʾAkram al-Marḥūm Harmān al-ʾAlmānī Download
Alex Bellem and G. Rex Smith

34. Ora ve-Simḥa (1917) Download
Esther-Miriam Wagner

35. A ‘Mandæo-Arabic’ Letter from Lady Drower’s Correspondence Download
Charles Häberl

36. An Anecdote about Juḥā (1920s) Download
Tania María García-Arévalo

References