Cicero, Philippic 2, 44–50, 78–92, 100–119: Latin Text, Study Aids with Vocabulary, and Commentary - cover image

Book Series


Ingo Gildenhard

Published On





  • English

Print Length

488 pages (viii + 480)


Paperback156 x 25 x 234 mm(6.14" x 0.99" x 9.21")
Hardback156 x 27 x 234 mm(6.14" x 1.06" x 9.21")


Paperback1503g (53.02oz)
Hardback1896g (66.88oz)



OCLC Number





  • DB
  • HBLA1
  • 4KL
  • CFP


  • LIT004190
  • LIT025030


  • PA6280.A32


  • Cicero
  • Philippics
  • Julius Caesar
  • Mark Antony
  • the Senate
  • rhetoric
  • original Latin text
  • vocabulary aids
  • study questions
  • commentary
  • A-Level
Thoth logoPowered by Thoth.

Cicero, Philippic 2, 44–50, 78–92, 100–119

Latin Text, Study Aids with Vocabulary, and Commentary

  • Ingo Gildenhard (author)
Cicero composed his incendiary Philippics only a few months after Rome was rocked by the brutal assassination of Julius Caesar. In the tumultuous aftermath of Caesar’s death, Cicero and Mark Antony found themselves on opposing sides of an increasingly bitter and dangerous battle for control. Philippic 2 was a weapon in that war.
Conceived as Cicero’s response to a verbal attack from Antony in the Senate, Philippic 2 is a rhetorical firework that ranges from abusive references to Antony’s supposedly sordid sex life to a sustained critique of what Cicero saw as Antony’s tyrannical ambitions. Vituperatively brilliant and politically committed, it is both a carefully crafted literary artefact and an explosive example of crisis rhetoric. It ultimately led to Cicero’s own gruesome death.
This course book offers a portion of the original Latin text, vocabulary aids, study questions, and an extensive commentary. Designed to stretch and stimulate readers, Ingo Gildenhard’s volume will be of particular interest to students of Latin studying for A-Level or on undergraduate courses. It extends beyond detailed linguistic analysis to encourage critical engagement with Cicero, his oratory, the politics of late-republican Rome, and the transhistorical import of Cicero’s politics of verbal (and physical) violence.

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements

1. Contexts and Paratexts

2. The Second Philippic as a Rhetorical Artifact – and Invective Oratory

3. Why Read Cicero’s Second Philippic Today?


§ 44 A Glance at Teenage Antony: Insolvent, Transgendered, Pimped, and Groomed

§ 45 Desire and Domesticity: Antony’s Escapades as Curio’s Toy-Boy

§ 46 Family Therapy: Cicero as Counselor

§ 47 Hitting ‘Fast-Forward’, or: How to Pull Off a Praeteritio

§ 48 Antony Adrift

§ 49 Credit for Murder

§ 50 With Caesar in Gaul: Profligacy and Profiteering

§ 78 Caesar’s Approach to HR, or Why Antony Has What it Takes

§ 79 The Art of Nepotism

§ 80 Antony Augur, Addled and Addling

§ 81 Compounding Ignorance through Impudence

§ 82 Antony Galloping after Caesar Only to Hold his Horses

§ 83 Antony’s Fake Auspices

§ 84 On to the Lupercalia…

§ 85 Vive le roi! Le roi est mort

§ 86 Antony as Willing Slave and Would-Be King-Maker

§ 87 Historical Precedent Demands Antony’s Instant Execution

§ 88 Antony on the Ides of March

§ 89 No Compromise with a Public Enemy!

§ 90 Antony’s Finest Hour

§ 91 Antony as Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

§ 92 Selling the Empire

§ 100 Further Forgeries and a Veteran Foundation

§ 101 Revels and Remunerations

§ 102 Antony Colonized a Colony!

§ 103 Antony’s Enrichment Activities

§ 104 Animal House

§ 105 Animal House: The Sequel

§ 106 Antony Cocooned

§ 107 Symbolic Strutting after Caesar

§ 108 Swords Galore, or: Antony’s Return to Rome

§ 109 Playing Fast and Loose with Caesar’s Legislation

§ 110 Caesar: Dead Duck or Deified Dictator?

§ 111 A Final Look at Antony’s Illoquence

§ 112 The Senate Under Armour

§ 113 The Res Publica Has Watchers!

§ 114 Caesar’s Assassination: A Deed of Unprecedented Exemplarity

§ 115 Looking for the Taste of (Genuine) Glory…

§ 116 Caesar You Are Not!

§ 117 Once Burnt Lesson Learnt!

§ 118 Here I Stand. I Can Do Naught Else

§ 119 Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!


1. On-line Resources

2. Secondary Literatur


Ingo Gildenhard

Reader in Classics and the Classical Tradition at University of Cambridge