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Living Earth Community: Multiple Ways of Being and Knowing

Living Earth Community: Multiple Ways of Being and Knowing Sam Mickey, Mary Evelyn Tucker, and John Grim (eds.)
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Living Earth Community is a gift to the bewildered world. It asks the most urgent and crucial question of our time: what worldview will supplant the materialist, dualist, narcissist paradigm that has led the world to the edge of devastation? This book seeks answers from wise and creative thinkers who find remarkable new ideas in the confluence of ecological, religious, and Indigenous traditions. If you are looking for reasons to believe that humans can find a way through the unfolding catastrophe, this is your book, your hope, your answer.

Kathleen Dean Moore, author of Great Tide Rising: Toward Clarity and Moral Courage in a Time of Planetary Change

So why are we in such a predicament? The contributors to Living Earth Community trace our discontents to a kind of cultural amnesia. In our rush to progress we forgot deeper sources of wisdom and with it the calm awareness that humankind is a part of the larger community of life in the unfolding cosmic story. We've been looking for meaning, as it were, in all the wrong places. It is both much simpler yet far more grand than we've imagined. From varied perspectives, the essays here shed the bright light of remembrance and reverence.

David Orr, author of Hope is an Imperative, Down to the Wire, and Ecological Literacy

In the modern industrial period we have lost our sense of resonant relationships with Earth’s ecosystems and species. This book revitalizes those relationships and reawakens the desire to participate in the fecundity of Earth’s creative processes. As such it is an invaluable contribution to our way forward.

Brian Thomas Swimme, co-author of Journey of the Universe

Living Earth Community: Multiple Ways of Being and Knowing is a celebration of the diversity of ways in which humans can relate to the world around them, and an invitation to its readers to partake in planetary coexistence. Innovative, informative, and highly accessible, this interdisciplinary anthology of essays brings together scholars, writers and educators across the sciences and humanities, in a collaborative effort to illuminate the different ways of being in the world and the different kinds of knowledge they entail – from the ecological knowledge of Indigenous communities, to the scientific knowledge of a biologist and the embodied knowledge communicated through storytelling.

This anthology examines the interplay between Nature and Culture in the setting of our current age of ecological crisis, stressing the importance of addressing these ecological crises occurring around the planet through multiple perspectives. These perspectives are exemplified through diverse case studies – from the political and ethical implications of thinking with forests, to the capacity of storytelling to motivate action, to the worldview of the Indigenous Okanagan community in British Columbia.

Living Earth Community: Multiple Ways of Being and Knowing synthesizes insights from across a range of academic fields, and highlights the potential for synergy between disciplinary approaches and inquiries. This anthology is essential reading not only for researchers and students, but for anyone interested in the ways in which humans interact with the community of life on Earth, especially during this current period of environmental emergency.

You can find more information on this book on the Yale Forum on Religion and Ecology.


Living Earth Community: Multiple Ways of Being and Knowing
Sam Mickey, Mary Evelyn Tucker, and John Grim (eds.) | May 2020
286 pp. | 9 Colour Illustrations | 6.14" x 9.21" (234 x 156 mm)
ISBN Paperback: 9781783748037
ISBN Hardback: 9781783748044
ISBN Digital (PDF): 9781783748051
ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 9781783748068
ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 9781783748075
ISBN Digital (XML): 9781783748082
DOI:10.11647/OBP.0186
Categories: BIC: RN (The environment), RNT (Social impact of environmental issues), RNA (Environmentalist thought and ideology), J (Society and social sciences), PSAF (Ecological science, the Biosphere); BISAC: SCI019000 (SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / General), SCI026000 (SCIENCE / Environmental Science), SCI042000 (SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Meteorology & Climatology), SOC026040 (SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / Social Theory)


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Contents
Acknowledgments
Notes on the Contributors

PrefaceDownload
Sam Mickey

Introduction: Ways of Knowing, Ways of Valuing Nature Download
John Grim and Mary Evelyn Tucker


Section I: Presences in the More-Than-Human World

1. Creaturely Migrations on a Breathing Planet: Some Reflections Download
David Abram

2. Learning a Dead Birdsong: Hopes' echoEscape.1 in 'The Place Where You Go to Listen' Download
Julianne Lutz Warren

3. Humilities, Animalities, and Self-Actualizations in a Living Earth Community Download
Paul Waldau


Section II: Thinking in Latin American Forests

4. Anthropology as Cosmic Diplomacy: Toward an Ecological Ethics for Times of Environmental Fragmentation Download
Eduardo Kohn

5. Reanimating the World: Amazonian Shamanism Download
Frédérique Apffel-Marglin

6. The Obligations of a Biologist and Eden No More Download
Thomas E. Lovejoy


Section III: Practices from Contemporary Asian Traditions and Ecology

7. Fluid Histories: Oceans as Metaphor and the Nature of History Download
Prasenjit Duara

8. Affectual Insight: Love as a Way of Being and Knowing Download
David L. Haberman

9. Confucian Cosmology and Ecological Ethics: Qi, Li, and the Role of the Human Download
Mary Evelyn Tucker


Section IV: Storytelling: Blending Ecology and Humanities

10. Contemplative Studies of the 'Natural' World Download
David Haskell

11. Science, Storytelling, and Students: The National Geographic Society's On Campus Initiative Download
Timothy Brown

12. Listening for Coastal Futures: The Conservatory Project Download
Willis Jenkins

13. Imaginal Ecology Download
Brooke Williams


Section V: Relationships of Resilience within Indigenous Lands

14. An Okanagan Worldview of Society Download
Jeannette Armstrong

15. Indigenous Language Resurgence and the Living Earth Community Download
Mark Turin

16. Sensing, Minding, and Creating Download
John Grim

17. Land, Indigeneity, and Hybrid Ontologies
Paul Burow, Samara Brock, Download and Michael Dove


Section VI: The Weave of Earth and Cosmos

18. Gaia and a Second Axial Age Download
Sean Kelly

19. The Human Quest to Live in a Cosmos Download
Heather Eaton

20. Learning to Weave Earth and Cosmos Download
Mitchell Thomashow

List of Illustration
Index
About the team

David Abram

Dr. David Abram, cultural ecologist and geophilosopher, is the author ofThe Spell of the Sensuous: Perception and Language in a More-Than-Human World (1996) and Becoming Animal: An Earthly Cosmology (2010). Hailed as ‘revolutionary’ by the Los Angeles Times, and as ‘daring’ and ‘truly original’ by Science, Abram’s work has been catalytic for the emergence of several new disciplines, including the steadily growing field of ecopsychology (in both its clinical and its research branches). His essays on the cultural causes and consequences of environmental disarray are published in numerous magazines, scholarly journals, and anthologies. A recipient of the international Lannan Literary Award, as well as fellowships from the Rockefeller and the Watson Foundations, in 2014 Abram held the international Arne Næss Chair in Global Justice and Ecology at the University of Oslo. Abram's work engages the ecological depths of the imagination, exploring the ways in which sensory perception, language, and wonder inform the relation between the human body and the breathing earth. His philosophical craft is informed by his fieldwork with Indigenous peoples in southeast Asia and the Americas, as well as by the European tradition of phenomenology. His ideas are often discussed and debated (sometimes heatedly) within the pages of various academic journals, including Environmental Ethics and the Journal of Environmental Philosophy.

Abram was the first contemporary philosopher to advocate for a reappraisal of ‘animism’ as a complexly nuanced and uniquely viable worldview, one which roots human cognition in the dynamic sentience of the body while affirming the ongoing entanglement of our bodily experience with the uncanny intelligence of other animals, each of whom encounters the same world that we perceive yet from an outrageously different angle and perspective. A close student of the Traditional Ecological Knowledges (TEK) of diverse Indigenous peoples, Abram’s work also articulates the entwinement of human subjectivity with the varied sensitivities of the many plants upon which we depend, as well as with the agency and dynamism of the particular places, or bioregions, that surround and sustain our communities. In recent years, Abram's work has come to be associated with a broad movement loosely termed ‘New Materialism’, due to his espousal of a radically transformed sense of matter and materiality. A Distinguished Fellow of Schumacher College in England, Abram is founder and creative director of the Alliance for Wild Ethics (AWE), a consortium of individuals and organizations dedicated to cultural metamorphosis through a rejuvenation of place-based oral culture. He lives with his two children in the foothills of the southern Rockies.

Frederique Apffel-Marglin

Frédérique Apffel-Marglin, Emerita Professor in Anthropology, Smith College, founded the nonprofit organization, Sachamama Center for Biocultural Regeneration in 2009, dedicated to the regeneration of both the local forest and of indigenous agriculture and culture in the Peruvian Upper Amazon. The center is an educational organization that aims to integrate theory, research, activism, and spirituality. Apffel-Marglin was a research adviser at the World Institute for Development Economics Research (WIDER) in Helsinki, an affiliate of the United Nations University. With the Harvard economist Stephen Marglin, she formed an interdisciplinary and international collaborative team that produced three books on critical approaches to development and globalization. Her newest book, co-authored with Robert Tindall and David Shearer, is titled Sacred Soil: Biochar and the Regeneration of the Earth (2017). She has published an additional thirteen books, including (with Tariq Banuri) Who Will Save the Forests?: Knowledge, Power and Environmental Destruction (1993), and (with Stephen A. Marglin) Decolonizing Knowledge: From Development to Dialogue; A Study Prepared for the World Institute for Development Economics Research of the United Nations University (1996). Her interests cover ritual, gender, political ecology, critiques of development, science studies, and Andean-Amazonian shamanism. Her areas of specialization are South Asia and the Amazonian Andes. She currently resides in Cambridge, Massachusetts, as well as in Lamas, San Martin, Peru, the field campus of her nonprofit organization.

Jeannette Armstrong

Jeannette Armstrong is Syilx Okanagan, a fluent speaker and teacher of the Nsyilxcn Okanagan language and a traditional knowledge keeper of the Okanagan Nation. She is a founder of En’owkin, the Okanagan Nsyilxcn language and knowledge institution of higher learning of the Syilx Okanagan Nation. She currently is Assistant Professor and Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Okanagan Philosophy at the University of British Columbia Okanagan. She has a PhD in Environmental Ethics and Syilx Indigenous Literatures. She is the recipient of the Eco Trust Buffett Award for Indigenous Leadership and, in 2016, the BC George Woodcock Lifetime Achievement Award. She is an author whose published works include poetry, prose, and children’s literary titles, and academic writing on a wide variety of Indigenous issues. She currently serves on Canada’s Traditional Knowledge Subcommittee of the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada.

Samara Brock

Samara Brock is pursuing her PhD at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. She holds an MA in Community and Regional Planning from the University of British Columbia, and an MA in Food Culture from the University of Gastronomic Sciences in Italy. She has worked in international agriculture in Cuba and Argentina, as a food systems planner for the City of Vancouver, and, more recently, as a program officer for the Tides Canada Foundation, funding nonprofit organizations working on complex conservation, climate change, and food security initiatives. Her current research focuses on the development of environmental knowledge and expertise through engaging with organizations that are attempting to transform the future of the global food system.

Timothy Brown

Timothy Brown is Manager of University Initiatives for the National Geographic Society, a new venture dedicated to building partnerships with key universities through live student events in science and storytelling. A conservation biologist by training, he researched Canada lynx for the United States Fish and Wildlife Service before becoming a high school environmental science teacher. After eight years as an award-winning educator, he returned to graduate school at the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, where he studied environmental anthropology and served as Editor of Sage Magazine. He then served as a communications officer for the School, where he organized the Science and Storytelling Symposium in 2016. Timothy, who holds a BSc in conservation biology and a BA in music, was a founding steering committee member of the Yale Environmental Humanities Initiative. In addition to his work with National Geographic, he serves as Editor of Connecticut Woodlands, a quarterly publication of the Connecticut Forest & Park Association. He lives in New Haven, Connecticut, with his wife and son.

Paul Berne Burow

Paul Berne Burow is a PhD Candidate at Yale University in the School of Forestry & Environmental Studies and Department of Anthropology. Burow’s work examines the culture, history, and politics of forests in the US Intermountain West with a particular focus on social belonging, novel ecosystems, and settler colonialism. Burow holds a M.Phil in anthropology and M.E.Sc. in forestry and environmental science from Yale University and a A.B. in economics and international relations from the University of California, Davis. Burow’s work has previously appeared in Environment & Society, Environmental Research Letters, and Springer’s Studies in Human Ecology and Adaptation series.


Michael R. Dove

Michael R. Dove is the Margaret K. Musser Professor of Social Ecology, Curator of Anthropology in the Peabody Museum of Natural History, and Professor in the Department of Anthropology, Yale University. His most recent books are Bitter Shade: The Ecological Challenge of Human Consciousness (Yale University Press, 2021), Climate Cultures: Anthropological Perspectives on Climate Change (coedited with Jessica Barnes, Yale University Press 2015); Science, Society, and Environment: Applying Physics and Anthropology to Sustainability (coauthored with Daniel M. Kammen, Routledge 2015); and The Anthropology of Climate Change: A Historical Reader (editor, Wiley/Blackwell, 2014).

Prasenjit Duara

Prasenjit Duara is the Oscar Tang Chair of East Asian Studies at Duke University. He was born and educated in India, and received his PhD in Chinese History from Harvard University. He was previously Professor and Chair of the Department of History and Chair of the Committee on Chinese Studies at the University of Chicago (1991-2008). Subsequently, he became Raffles Professor of Humanities and Director, Asia Research Institute at National University of Singapore (2008-15). Duara is also the President of the American Association for Asian Studies (2019-20).

In 1988, Duara published Culture, Power and the State: Rural North China, 1900-42, which won the Fairbank Prize of the American Historical Association (AHA) and the Levenson Prize of the Association for Asian Studies (AAS), USA. Among his other books are Rescuing History from the Nation (1995), Sovereignty and Authenticity: Manchukuo and the East Asian Modern (2003), and, most recently, The Crisis of Global Modernity: Asian Traditions and a Sustainable Future (2014). He has edited Decolonization: Now and Then (2004) and co-edited A Companion to Global Historical Thought with Viren Murthy and Andrew Sartori (2014). His work has been widely translated into Chinese, Japanese, Korean and the European languages. He was awarded the doctor philosophiae honoris causa from the University of Oslo in 2017.

Heather Eaton

Heather Eaton holds an interdisciplinary doctorate in theology, feminism, and ecology from Saint Michael’s College at the University of Toronto and is a Professor in Conflict Studies at Saint Paul University in Ottawa, Canada. She works in engaging religions on ecological, social and ethical issues. She has published extensively on ecofeminism, ecospirituality, cosmology, and ecojustice, as well as the intersection of science, evolution, and religion. Her main publications are: Advancing Nonviolence and Social Transformation: New Perspectives on Nonviolent Theories (2016), which she co-edited with Lauren Levesque; The Intellectual Journey of Thomas Berry: Imagining the Earth Community, ed. (2014); Ecological Awareness: Exploring Religion, Ethics and Aesthetics (2011), which she co-edited with Sigurd Bergmann; Introducing Ecofeminist Theologies (2005); Ecofeminism and Globalization: Exploring Religion, Culture, Context (2003), which she co-edited with Lois Ann Lorentzen; ‘Evolution’, Worldviews: Environment, Culture, Religion, ed. (2007); ‘Gender, Religion and Ecology’, Ecotheology, ed. (2006); Worldviews: Environment, Culture, Religion, ed. (2001), and many additional book chapters and articles. Eaton works as a socially engaged academic with various national and international groups on religion, ecology, social issues, animal rights, nonviolence, and peace.

John Grim

John Grim is a Senior Lecturer and Research Scholar teaching in the joint MA program in religion and ecology at Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Yale Divinity School. He is co-founder and co-director of the Forum on Religion and Ecology at Yale with his wife, Mary Evelyn Tucker. With Tucker, Grim directed a ten-conference series and book project at Harvard on ‘World Religions and Ecology’. Grim is the author of The Shaman: Patterns of Religious Healing among the Ojibway Indians (1983), and editor of Indigenous Traditions and Ecology: The Interbeing of Cosmology and Community (2001). Grim and Tucker are co-authors of Ecology and Religion (2014), and co-editors of the following volumes: Worldviews and Ecology (1994); Religion and Ecology: Can the Climate Change? (2001); Thomas Berry: Selected Writings on the Earth Community (2014); and Living Cosmology: Christian Responses to Journey of the Universe (2016). With Willis Jenkins, they also edited the Routledge Handbook on Religion and Ecology (2016). Grim is the Co-Executive Producer of the Emmy Award-winning film, Journey of the Universe (2011). He is the President of the American Teilhard Association.

David L. Haberman

David L. Haberman is Professor and former Chair in the Department of Religious Studies at Indiana University Bloomington. He holds a PhD in History of Religions from the University of Chicago. Although he has studied and taught a great variety of religious traditions, he specializes in Hinduism and has spent many years conducting ethnographic and textual research in India. He also teaches courses on religion, ecology, and environmentalism. His recent work focuses on the worshipful interaction with natural forms of divinity in India, such as rivers, trees, stones, and mountains. Much of Haberman’s work has centered on the culture of Braj, an active pilgrimage site in northern India long associated with Krishna and known for its lively temple festivals, performative traditions, and literary creations. His publications include Acting as a Way of Salvation: A Study of Raganuga Bhakti Sadhana (1984), Journey Through the Twelve Forests: An Encounter with Krishna (1994), The Bhaktirasamritasindhu of Rupa Gosvamin (2003), River of Love in an Age of Pollution: The Yamuna River of Northern India (2006), and People Trees: Worship of Trees in Northern India (2013). He is currently working on a new book, provisionally titled ‘Loving Stones: Making the Impossible Possible in the Worship of Mount Govardhan’.

David Haskell

David Haskell’s work integrates scientific, literary, and contemplative studies of the natural world. His latest book, The Songs of Trees: Stories from Nature’s Great Connectors (2017), examines the many ways that trees and humans are connected. The book was winner of the 2020 Iris Book Award and the 2018 John Burroughs Medal. Deborah Blum (Pulitzer winner, author of The Poisoner’s Handbook (2010), and Director of the Knight Science Journalism program at MIT) describes The Songs of Trees as ‘compelling, lyrical, wise’, and Haskell himself as perhaps ‘the finest literary nature writer working today’. Haskell’s first book, The Forest Unseen: A Year’s Watch in Nature (2012), was winner of the National Academies’ Best Book Award for 2013, finalist for the 2013 Pulitzer Prize in nonfiction, winner of the 2013 Reed Environmental Writing Award, winner of the 2012 National Outdoor Book Award for Natural History Literature, runner-up for the 2013 PEN E. O. Wilson Literary Science Writing Award, and winner, in its Chinese translation, of the 2016 Dapeng Nature Writing Award. A profile by James Gorman in The New York Times said of Haskell that he ‘thinks like a biologist, writes like a poet, and gives the natural world the kind of open-minded attention one expects from a Zen monk rather than a hypothesis-driven scientist’. E. O. Wilson wrote that The Forest Unseen was ‘a new genre of nature writing, located between science and poetry’. The Forest Unseen has been translated into ten languages.

Haskell has also written about the biology of climate change, and same-sex marriage for The New York Times. Haskell holds degrees from the University of Oxford (BA) and from Cornell University (PhD). He is Professor of Biology and Environmental Studies at the University of the South, where he served as Chair of Biology. He is a 2014-15 Fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, a Fellow of the American Council of Learned Societies, and an Elective Member of the American Ornithologists’ Union. His scientific research on animal ecology, evolution, and conservation has been sponsored by the National Science Foundation, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Fish and Wildlife Service, and the World Wildlife Fund, among others. He serves on the boards and advisory committees of local and national land conservation groups. Haskell’s classes have received national attention for the innovative ways they combine action in the community with contemplative practice. In 2009, the Carnegie and Case Foundations named him Professor of the Year for Tennessee, an award given to college professors who have achieved national distinction and whose work shows ‘extraordinary dedication to undergraduate teaching’. In 2011, the Oxford American featured him as one of the southern US’s most creative teachers. His teaching has been profiled in USA Today, The Tennessean, and other newspapers.

Willis Jenkins

Willis Jenkins lives in the Rivanna River watershed, Virginia, where he works as Professor of Religion, Ethics, and Environment at the University of Virginia. With Matthew Burtner, Jenkins leads the Coastal Futures Conservatory, a transdisciplinary initiative focused on listening to environmental change using different ways of knowing drawn from the arts, humanities, and sciences. With Mary Evelyn Tucker and John Grim, he is co-editor of the Routledge Handbook of Religion and Ecology (2016). He is author of two award-winning books: Ecologies of Grace: Environmental Ethics and Christian Theology (2008), which won a Templeton Award for Theological Promise, and The Future of Ethics: Sustainability, Social Justice, and Religious Creativity (2013), which won an American Academy of Religion Award for Excellence in the Study of Religion.

Sean Kelly

Sean Kelly, PhD, is professor of Philosophy, Cosmology, and Consciousness at the California Institute of Integral Studies (CIIS). He is the author of Coming Home: The Birth and Transformation of the Planetary Era (2010), co-editor of The Variety of Integral Ecologies: Nature, Culture, and Knowledge in the Planetary Era (2017), and co-translator of Edgar Morin’s Homeland Earth: A Manifesto for the New Millennium (1999). Along with his academic work, Kelly teaches taiji and is a facilitator of the group process Work that Reconnects developed by Joanna Macy.

Eduardo Kohn

Eduardo Kohn is Associate Professor of Anthropology at McGill University. He is best known for the book, How Forests Think: Toward an Anthropology beyond the Human (2013), which has been translated into several languages. It won the 2014 Gregory Bateson Prize. His research continues to be concerned with capacitating sylvan thinking in its many forms as a means of fashioning an ethics for living on a planet in ecological crisis.

Thomas E. Lovejoy

Thomas E. Lovejoy was elected University Professor at George Mason in March 2010. He previously held the Biodiversity Chair at the Heinz Center for Science, Economics and the Environment and was President from 2002-08. An ecologist who has worked in the Brazilian Amazon since 1965, he works on the interface of science and environmental policy. Starting in the 1970s, he helped bring attention to the issue of tropical deforestation, and, in 1980, published the first estimate of global extinction rates (in The Global 2000 Report to the President). He conceived the Minimum Critical Size of Ecosystems project (also known as the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project) – a long-term study on forest fragmentation in the Amazon (which began in 1978), and which is the largest experiment in landscape ecology to date. He also coined the term ‘Biological diversity’, originated the concept of debt-for-nature swaps, and has worked on the interaction between climate change and biodiversity for more than thirty years. He is the founder of the public television series Nature. In the past, he served as the Senior Advisor to the President of the United Nations Foundation, as the Chief Biodiversity Advisor to the World Bank as well as Lead Specialist for the Environment for the Latin American region, as the Assistant Secretary for Environmental and External Affairs for the Smithsonian Institution, and as Executive Vice President of World Wildlife Fund-US. In 2002, he was awarded the Tyler Prize, and, in 2009, he was the winner of BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Ecology and Conservation Biology Category. In 2012, he received the Blue Planet Prize. He has served on advisory councils in the Reagan, George H. W. Bush, and Clinton administrations. In 2009, he was appointed Conservation Fellow by the National Geographic Society. He chaired the Scientific and Technical Panel for the Global Environment Facility which provides funding related to the international environmental conventions from 2009-13 and serves as Advisor to the current Chair. He received his BSc and PhD (Biology) from Yale University.

Sam Mickey

Sam Mickey, PhD, is an Adjunct Professor in the Theology and Religious Studies department and the Environmental Studies program at the University of San Francisco. He has worked for several years at the Forum on Religion and Ecology at Yale. His teaching, writing, and research are oriented around the ethics and ontologies of nonhumans, and the intersection of religious, scientific, and philosophical perspectives on human-Earth relations. He is an author of several books, including Whole Earth Thinking and Planetary Coexistence (2015), Coexistentialism and the Unbearable Intimacy of Ecological Emergency (2016), and On the Verge of a Planetary Civilization: A Philosophy of Integral Ecology (2014). He is co-editor (with Sean Kelly and Adam Robbert) of The Variety of Integral Ecologies: Nature, Culture, and Knowledge in the Planetary Era (2017).

Mitchell Thomashow

Mitchell Thomashow devotes his life and work to promoting ecological awareness, sustainable living, creative learning, improvisational thinking, constructive networking, and organizational excellence. Currently, he is engaged in teaching, writing, and executive consulting, cultivating opportunities and exchanges that transform how people engage with ecological learning, sustainability, and the arts. He is the author of three books: Ecological Identity (1995), Bringing the Biosphere Home (2001), and The Nine Elements of a Sustainable Campus (2014). His new book, To Know the World: Why Environmental Learning Matters, will be published by The MIT Press in 2020. From 2015-17, he served as the Sustainability Catalyst Fellow at Philanthropy Northwest in Seattle, Washington. In 2017, Thomashow wrote a report, Pacific Northwest Changemakers, that profiles eight exemplary community-based, grassroots sustainability projects in both rural and urban regions. From 2011-15, he was the Director of the Second Nature Presidential Fellows Program, working with university presidents to promote a comprehensive sustainability agenda on their campuses. From 2006-11, he was the President of Unity College, Maine. With his management team, he integrated concepts of ecology, sustainability, natural history, wellness, participatory governance, and community service into all aspects of college and community life. From 1976-2006, he was the Chair of the Environmental Studies Department at Antioch University New England. He founded an interdisciplinary environmental studies doctoral program and worked collaboratively to grow and nourish a suite of engaging Masters programs, geared towards working adults. Thomashow lives in the hill country of southwest New Hampshire in the shadow of Mount Monadnock. He loves to explore the fields, forests, wetlands, hills, and lakes of Northern New England. His recreational interests include basketball, baseball, bicycling, board games, jazz piano, electronic keyboards, guitars, hiking, and lake swimming.

Mary Evelyn Tucker

Mary Evelyn Tucker is co-director with John Grim of the Forum on Religion and Ecology at Yale. Her special area of study is Asian religions. She received her PhD from Columbia University in Japanese Confucianism. Since 1997, she has been a Research Associate at the Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies at Harvard. Her Confucian publications include: Moral and Spiritual Cultivation in Japanese Neo-Confucianism (1989) and The Philosophy of Qi (2007). With Tu Weiming, she edited two volumes on Confucian Spirituality (2003, 2004). Her concern for the growing environmental crisis, especially in Asia, led her to organize with John Grim a series of ten conferences on World Religions and Ecology at the Center for the Study of World Religions at Harvard (1995-98). Together they are series editors for the ten volumes from the conferences distributed by Harvard University Press. In this series she co-edited Buddhism and Ecology (1997), Confucianism and Ecology (1998), and Hinduism and Ecology (2000). Tucker and Grim wrote Ecology and Religion (2014) and, with Willis Jenkins, edited the Routledge Handbook on Religion and Ecology (2016). With Brian Thomas Swimme she wrote Journey of the Universe (2011) and, with John Grim, was Executive Producer of the Emmy Award-winning Journey of the Universe (2011)film.

Mark Turin

Mark Turin, PhD is an anthropologist, linguist, and occasional radio presenter, and an Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia. From 2014-18, Turin served as Chair of the First Nations and Endangered Languages Program and from 2016-18, as Acting Co-Director of the University’s new Institute for Critical Indigenous Studies. Before joining UBC, Turin was an Associate Research Scientist with the South Asian Studies Council at Yale University, and the Founding Program Director of the Yale Himalaya Initiative. Turin directs both the World Oral Literature Project, an urgent global initiative to document and make accessible endangered oral literatures before they disappear without record, and the Digital Himalaya Project, which he Co-Founded in 2000 as a platform to make multi-media resources from the Himalayan region widely available online. For over twenty years, Turin’s regional focus has been the Himalayan region (particularly Nepal, northern India and Bhutan), and, more recently, the Pacific Northwest. Turin is very privileged to have had the opportunity to work in collaborative partnership with members of the Thangmi-speaking communities of eastern Nepal and Darjeeling district in India since 1996, and, since 2014, with members of the Heiltsuk First Nation through a Language Mobilization Partnership in which UBC is a member. He is the author or co-author of four books, three travel guides, the editor of twelve volumes, and the editor of a series on oral literature.

Paul Waldau

Paul Waldau is an educator who works at the intersection of animal studies, law, ethics, religion, and cultural studies. A Professor at Canisius College in Buffalo, New York, Waldau has been the senior faculty member for the Master of Science graduate program in Anthrozoology since its founding in 2011, and was the Program Director from 2014-17. Waldau also taught Animal Law at Harvard Law School from 2002 to 2014, and he has been teaching courses since 2009 in Harvard’s Summer School, through which he offered the online course ‘The Animal-Human Divide’ in Summer 2018. Waldau was one of the organizing members of the Great Ape Project, and served from 1995 through 2008 in the capacity of board member, as well as serving for years as the Vice-President and Executive Director. After helping to found the Animals and Religion group at the American Academy of Religion, Waldau spent a decade teaching ethics and public policy at Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, where he also was the Director of the Center for Animals and Public Policy until 2009. He has completed five books, the most recent of which are Animal Studies An Introduction (2013) and Animal Rights (2011). He is also co-editor of the groundbreaking A Communion of Subjects: Animals in Religion, Science, and Ethics (2006). His first book was The Specter of Speciesism: Buddhist and Christian Views of Animals (2001).

Julianne Lutz Warren

Julianne Warren is a freelance storyteller and community co-organizer with an MA in linguistics and a PhD in ecology. She authored an intellectual biography, Aldo Leopold’s Odyssey (2006, 2016), developing this influential conservationist’s ‘land health’ concept—one that deeply resists industrial-capitalist assumptions, yet not settler colonial and racist ones. Her current personal-professional work takes up decolonization and anti-racism, and supports liberation of Native peoples (for ALL the people). Her creative pieces, including sound arts, continue exploring what it is to be in good relations. These appear in a variety of venues including, Newfound, Minding Nature, Zoomorphic, The Poetry Lab of The Merwin Conservancy, Lost and Found Theatrum Anatomicum, and The Deutsches Museum. As a faculty member, Julianne collaborated with students growing NYU Divest: Go Fossil Free! While living far north, she served as a council member of Fairbanks Climate Action Coalition and co-facilitator of #KeepItIntheGround! working group. She is a named Scholar and Fellow at the Center for Humans and Nature and an Ecosphere Studies collaborator and visiting scholar at The Land Institute. She currently inhabits ancestral Tewa homelands of Northern New Mexico.

Brooke Williams

Brooke Williams has spent the last thirty years advocating for wilderness. He is the author of four books, including Open Midnight: Where Ancestors and Wilderness Meet (2017), Halflives: Reconciling Work and Wildness (1999), and The Story of My Heart (2014), by Richard Jeffries, as rediscovered by Brooke Williams and Terry Tempest Williams. His journalistic pieces have appeared in Outside, The Huffington Post, Orion, and Saltfront. He and his wife, Terry Tempest Williams, divide their time between Utah and Wyoming.


Preface
Sam Mickey

The preface briefly discusses the main ideas and themes covered in the book, including an overview of the structure of the book. Particular attention is given to the guiding thread of the book: integrating multiple perspectives on the place of humankind amidst the vibrant vitality of the Earth community, including perspectives across academic disciplines of the sciences and humanities and across the world’s diverse cultures and traditions.

Introduction
John Grim and Mary Evelyn Tucker

This introduction outlines the different ways of knowing – from the analytical, mercantile mindset of contemporary society, to the organic wisdom (encompassing wonder, beauty, and imagination as ways of knowing) that it superseded. It explores the different metrics (e.g. price, utility, and efficiency) underpinning our current worldview and decision-making processes; examines the rational, analytical kinds of knowledge that this worldview relies upon; and delineates the long-term effects of such a worldview on the individual human decision-maker. It argues for the importance of multiple perspectives, and the integration of traditional environmental knowledge and science, in this vein invoking the versions of empirical observation found among Indigenous peoples, which encompass both rational and affective components..

Part I: Presences in the More-Than-Human-World
1. Creaturely Migrations on a Breathing Planet: Some Reflections. David Abram.

Reflecting on species dynamics within the planetary biosphere, this chapter suggests that new insight into the uncanny navigational feats of migratory animals may be gleaned by recognizing the broad Earth not as a passive background upon which these movements occur, but as a dynamic, agential player in these migrations. The long-distance movements of various animals can readily be understood as metabolic processes within the body of the living planet, not unlike the rhythmic systole and diastole of a heartbeat.

2. Learning a Dead Birdsong: Hopes' echoEscape.1 in 'The Place Where You Go to Listen'. Julianne Lutz Warren.

Remembered songs of extinct wattlebirds, endemic to Aotearoa New Zealand, catalyze Julianne Warren's storytelling. In Chapter 2, she spins a path from first listening to a Pākehā-narrated recording of an elder Māori performing traditional mimicry of Huia. Replaying these dead bird-human voices interacting with sounds in the near-Arctic helps her begin learning, in poet W.S. Merwin’s words, to 'hear what never/Has fallen silent.' Between antipodes, ancestral echoes escape from machines, and sleeping languages live on—in loss—uncanny companionships of hope's sound.

3. Humilities, Animalities, and Self-Actualizations in a Living Earth Community. Paul Waldau.

This chapter considers possibilities for transforming human institutions (e.g., law, education, ethics, and religion) in ways that promote a flourishing Earth community. The author considers how self-actualization for humans can be found not through the arrogance of human exceptionalism, but through different expressions of humility and through a recognition of the animality of humankind.

Part II: Thinking in Latin American Forests

4. Anthropology as Cosmic Diplomacy: Toward an Ecological Ethics for Times of Environmental Fragmentation. Eduardo Kohn.

Drawing on his ethnographic research among Indigenous communities in Ecuador, Eduardo Kohn considers the political and ethical implications of thinking with forests in Chapter 4. It is a diplomatic undertaking that seeks to integrate multiple ways of understanding the cosmos, and it is an ontological undertaking that rethinks the very nature of existence by recognizing the intelligence inherent in all life.

5. Reanimating the World: Amazonian Shamanism. Frédérique Apffel-Marglin.

This chapter advocates for integral ecological healing, particularly by attending to the practices of indigenous Amazonian communities. The use of psychedelic plant medicines in Amazonian shamanism exemplifies the kind of non-rational ways of knowing that expand human consciousness beyond the individual ego and into intimate communion with the more-than-human world.

6. The Obligations of a Biologist and Eden No More. Thomas E. Lovejoy.

Thomas Lovejoy elaborates on the importance of biodiversity for the Earth community, with particular attention to Latin American forests. Bringing science together with ethical and political issues, Lovejoy articulates the responsibilities of biologists and other scientists for promoting biodiversity and addressing contemporary ecological crises.

Part III: Practices from Contemporary Asian Traditions & Ecology

7. Fluid Histories: Oceans as the Metaphor of History. Prasenjit Duara.

In Chapter 7, Prasenjit Duara thinks with the circulating waters of oceans to articulate the complex confluence of human and natural histories, particularly with reference to Asian contexts. Whereas the fragmentation of human and natural histories contributes to ethical and political failures to address environmental issues, Duara’s oceanic metaphor demonstrates how human history, including the study of history (i.e., historiography), overlaps with natural history, while these histories nonetheless operate on different temporal scales.

8. Affectual Insight: Love as a Way of Being and Knowing. David L. Haberman.

Focusing on religion and ecology in Hinduism, this chapter elucidates the value of love and devotion as ways of connecting to the natural world. In contrast to the detachment that characterizes abstractly intellectual forms of knowledge, these ways of connecting to nature yield emotional or affective knowledge, which promotes care for the beauty and vulnerability of the natural world.

9. Confucian Cosmology and Ecological Ethics: Qi, Li, and the Role of the Human. Mary Evelyn Tucker.

Mary Evelyn Tucker presents contributions to ecological ethics in Confucianism, highlighting the importance of Confucian cosmology for understanding the material world as vibrant and lively, not passive and inert. Confucianism facilitates an approach to ethics for which personal and social concerns are embedded in the Earth community and the whole cosmos, such that ecological concern is not separate from the practice of self-cultivation.

Part IV: Storytelling: Blending Ecology and Humanities

10. Contemplative Studies of the ‘Natural’ World. David Haskell.

To build a bridge between scientific and ethical perspectives on ecological issues, David Haskell advocates for contemplative exercise, in the sense of repeated, open-ended attention. Contemplative participation within the community of life deepens one’s sense of ecological aesthetics, and such appreciation for the beauty of nature provides an integrative ground for ethical actions informed by scientific knowledge.

11. Science, Storytelling, and Students: The National Geographic Society's On Campus Initiative. Timothy Brown.

Advocating for the cultivation of storytelling skills, the author shares his experience bringing science and storytelling to students, specifically through work with National Geographic. Stories provide a framework for communicating scientific information to non-specialists, for thinking across different academic disciplines, and for motivating action.

12. Listening for Coastal Futures: The Conservatory Project. Willis Jenkins.

This chapter attends to the role of listening in attuning humans to the natural world, specifically in light of a project involving Long-Term Ecological Research oriented around conserving coastal ecosystems. The Conservatory Project integrates perspectives on environmental change from sciences.

13. Imaginal Ecology. Brooke Williams.

This piece is a series of reflections on the conference that gave rise to the present volume, including the author’s own presentation, which involved an exercise for engaging with ecology through the imagination. Participants are guided through an imaginal encounter with ancestors, the different kinds of gifts they might bring, and the paths those gifts can be taken.


Part V: Relationships of Resilience within Indigenous Lands

14. An Okanogan Worldview of Society. Jeanette Armstrong.

This chapter introduces the worldview of the Okanogan people, an indigenous people inhabiting in the northwest of North America. Jeannette Armstrong describes her personal background and experience growing up as a member of the Okanogan community in the Okanogan Valley in British Columbia, Canada. She highlights the importance of intimacy with the land, taking responsibility for relationships, and building resilient communities in the face of cultural and environmental destruction.

15. Rising Voices: Indigenous Language Resurgence as Organic Interconnectivity. Mark Turin.

Drawing attention to the contemporary resurgence of indigenous languages, Mark Turin describes the collaborative work of linguistic and cultural revitalization in response to the destruction of indigenous communities in settler colonial nations. While recuperating the vitality of languages, this process also facilitates the recuperation of the well-being of indigenous communities as well as the lands within which those languages and communities are embedded.

16. Sensing, Minding, and Creating. John Grim.

Drawing on the wisdom of indigenous traditions and the world’s religions, John Grim proposes a triad for understanding the world without separating nature from culture. All things exhibit capacities for external interaction (sensing) and an inner patterning or consciousness (minding), and those external and internal facets change over time as novel conditions arise (creating). The emergence of life from matter and of humans from other life forms can be understood as an explication of the dynamics of sensing, minding, and creating inherent in the universe.

17. Unsettling the Land: Indigeneity, Ontology, and Hybridity. Paul Berne Burow, Samara Brock, and Michael R. Dove.

Revitalizing indigenous communities requires more than recognition of tribal sovereignty. Samara Brock shows how it also requires a recuperation of indigenous understandings of existence and ways of being. Including multiple ontologies opens up possibilities for creating relational, hybrid forms of practices that cultivate mutuality and reciprocity between humans and the land.

Part VI: The Weave of Earth and Cosmos

18. Gaia and a Second Axial Age. Sean Kelly.

The period between the 8th and 3rd centuries BCE, known as the "Axial Age,” saw the beginnings of philosophy, science, mathematics, and many of the world’s religious traditions. Sean Kelly proposes that the current cultural and ecological transformations taking place on Earth are evidence of a Second Axial Age. Whereas Axial Age values were oriented around transcendent or cosmological principles (e.g., Truth, God, Oneness), the Second Axial Age is compelling humans to reorient civilization around the living Earth community—Gaia.

19. The Human Quest to Live in a Cosmos. Heather Eaton.

Reflecting on the enduring quest of human beings to know the universe, Heather Eaton weaves together an account of the exterior (objective) and interior (subjective) facets of the cosmos. Eaton finds the unique qualities of human subjectivity in symbolic consciousness and in the worldviews, narratives, and other systems of symbols through which humans interpret and respond to their surroundings.

20. Learning to Weave Earth and Cosmos. Mitchell Thomashow.

To facilitate the cultivation of ecological imagination and promote environmental awareness, Mitchell Thomashow’s concluding chapter presents proposes five qualities of environmental learning (observation, information, interpretation, expression, and manifestation). Those educational qualities are pathways for integrated ways of knowing and being in the living Earth community.