What Works in Conservation: 2021 - cover image

Journal

Copyright

William J. Sutherland, Lynn V. Dicks, Silviu O. Petrovan; Rebecca K. Smith

Published On

2021-08-02

ISBN

Paperback978-1-80064-272-0
Hardback978-1-80064-273-7
PDF978-1-80064-274-4
HTML978-1-80064-658-2
XML978-1-80064-277-5
EPUB978-1-80064-275-1
MOBI978-1-80064-276-8

Language

  • English

Print Length

1038 pages (lxxiv+964)

Dimensions

Paperback156 x 52 x 234 mm(6.14" x 2.04" x 9.21")
Hardback156 x 54 x 234 mm(6.14" x 2.13" x 9.21")

Weight

Paperback3144g (110.90oz)
Hardback3569g (125.89oz)

OCLC Number

1262965903

LCCN

2020447489

BIC

  • RNKC
  • RNKH
  • RND

BISAC

  • NAT010000
  • NAT011000
  • SCI026000
  • NAT000000
  • SCI000000

LCC

  • QH75

Keywords

  • Conservation
  • environment
  • practical intervention
  • amphibians
  • bats
  • birds
  • farmland
  • soil fertility
  • forests
  • invasive species
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What Works in Conservation

2021

Does the creation of artificial reefs benefit subtidal benthic invertebrates?

Is the use of organic farming instead of conventional farming beneficial to bat conservation?
Does installing wildlife warning reflectors along roads benefit mammal conservation?
Does the installation of exclusion and/or escape devices on fishing nets benefit marine and freshwater mammal conservation?

What Works in Conservation has been created to provide practitioners with answers to these and many other questions about practical conservation.

This book provides an assessment of the effectiveness of 2526 conservation interventions based on summarized scientific evidence. The 2021 edition containssubstantial new material on bat conservation, terrestrial mammal conservation and marine and freshwater mammals, thus completing the evidence for all mammal species categories. Other chapters cover practical global conservation of primates, amphibians, bats, birds, forests, peatlands, subtidal benthic invertebrates, shrublands and heathlands, as well as the conservation of European farmland biodiversity and some aspects of enhancing natural pest control, enhancing soil fertility, management of captive animals and control of freshwater invasive species. It contains key results from the summarized evidence for each conservation intervention and an assessment of the effectiveness of each by international expert panels. The accompanying website www.conservationevidence.com describes each of the studies individually, and provides full references.
This is the fourth author-approved edition of What Works in Conservation, which is revised on an annual basis.

Table of Contents

Introduction

William J. Sutherland, Lynn V. Dicks, Silviu O. Petrovan and Rebecca K. Smith


Who is What Works in Conservation for?
1. Amphibian Conservation

Rebecca K. Smith, Helen Meredith and William J. Sutherland


1.1 Threat: Residential and commercial development
1.2 Threat: Agriculture
1.3 Threat: Energy production and mining
1.4 Threat: Transportation and service corridors
1.5 Threat: Biological resource use
1.6 Threat: Human intrusions and disturbance
1.7 Threat: Natural system modifications
1.8 Threat: Invasive and other problematic species
1.9 Threat: Pollution
1.10 Threat: Climate change and severe weather
1.11 Habitat protection
1.12 Habitat restoration and creation
1.13 Species management
1.14 Education and awareness raising
2. Bat Conservation

Anna Berthinussen, Olivia C. Richardson and John D. Altringham


2.1 Threat: Residential and commercial development
2.2 Threat: Agriculture
2.3 Threat: Energy production
2.4 Threat: Transportation and service corridors
2.5 Threat: Biological resource use
2.6 Threat: Human intrusions and disturbance
2.7 Threat: Natural system modifications
2.8 Threat: Invasive or problematic species and disease
2.9 Threat: Pollution
2.10 Threat: Climate change and severe weather
2.11 Habitat protection
2.12 Habitat restoration and creation
2.13 Species management
2.14 Education and awareness raising
3. Bird Conservation

David R. Williams, Matthew F. Child, Lynn V. Dicks, Nancy Ockendon, Robert G. Pople, David A. Showler, Jessica C. Walsh, Erasmus K. H. J. zu Ermgassen and William J. Sutherland


3.1 Habitat protection
3.2 Education and awareness raising
3.3 Threat: Residential and commercial development
3.4 Threat: Agriculture
3.5 Threat: Energy production and mining
3.6 Threat: Transportation and service corridors
3.7 Threat: Biological resource use
3.8 Threat: Human intrusions and disturbance
3.9 Threat: Natural system modifications
3.10 Habitat restoration and creation
3.11 Threat: Invasive alien and other problematic species
3.12 Threat: Pollution
3.13 Threat: Climate change, extreme weather and geological events
3.14 General responses to small/declining populations
3.15 Captive breeding, rearing and releases (ex situ conservation)
4. Farmland Conservation

Lynn V. Dicks, Joscelyne E. Ashpole, Juliana Dänhardt, Katy James, Annelie Jönsson, Nicola Randall, David A. Showler, Rebecca K. Smith, Susan Turpie, David R. Williams and William J. Sutherland


4.1 All farming systems
4.2 Arable farming
4.3 Perennial (non-timber) crops
4.4 Livestock farming
4.5 Threat: Residential and commercial development
4.6 Threat: Agri-chemicals
4.7 Threat: Transport and service corridors
4.8 Threat: Hunting and trapping (for pest control, food or sport)
4.9 Threat: Natural system modification
4.10 Threat: Invasive and other problematic species
4.11 Threat: Education and awareness
5. Forest Conservation

Har’el Agra, Simon Schowanek, Yohay Carmel, Rebecca K. Smith and Gidi Ne’eman


5.1 Threat: Residential and commercial development
5.2 Threat: Agriculture
5.3 Threat: Transport and service corridors
5.4 Threat: Biological resource use
5.5 Habitat protection
5.6 Threat: Invasive and other problematic species
5.7 Threat: Pollution
5.8 Threat: Climate change and severe weather
5.9 Habitat protection
5.10 Habitat restoration and creation
5.11 Actions to improve survival and growth rate of planted trees
5.12 Education and awareness raising
6. Peatland Conservation

Nigel G. Taylor, Patrick Grillas and William J. Sutherland


6.1 Threat: Residential and commercial development
6.2 Threat: Agriculture and aquaculture
6.3 Threat: Energy production and mining
6.4 Threat: Transportation and service corridors
6.5 Threat: Biological resource use
6.6 Threat: Human intrusions and disturbance
6.7 Threat: Natural system modifications
6.8 Threat: Invasive and other problematic species
6.9 Threat: Pollution
6.10 Threat: Climate change and severe weather
6.11 Habitat creation and restoration
6.12 Actions to complement planting
6.13 Habitat protection
6.14 Education and awareness
7. Primate Conservation

Jessica Junker, Hjalmar S. Kühl, Lisa Orth, Rebecca K. Smith, Silviu O. Petrovan and William J. Sutherland


7.1 Threat: Residential and commercial development
7.2 Threat: Agriculture
7.3 Threat: Energy production and mining
7.4 Threat: Transportation and service corridors
7.5 Threat: Biological resource use
7.6 Threat: Human intrusions and disturbance
7.7 Threat: Natural system modifications
7.8 Threat: Invasive and other problematic species and genes
7.9 Threat: Pollution
7.10 Education and Awareness
7.11 Habitat protection
7.12 Species management
7.13 Livelihood; economic and other incentives
8. Shrubland and Heathland Conservation

Philip A. Martin, Ricardo Rocha, Rebecca K. Smith and William J. Sutherland


8.1 Threat: Residential and commercial development
8.2 Threat: Agriculture and aquaculture
8.3 Threat: Energy production and mining
8.4 Threat: Biological resource use
8.5 Threat: Transportation and service corridors
8.6 Threat: Human intrusions and disturbance
8.7 Threat: Natural system modifications
8.8 Threat: Invasive and other problematic species
8.9 Threat: Pollution
8.10 Threat: Climate change and severe weather
8.11 Threat: Habitat protection
8.12 Habitat restoration and creation
8.13 Actions to benefit introduced vegetation
8.14 Education and awareness
9. Management of Captive Animals

Coral S. Jonas, Lydia T. Timbrell, Fey Young, Silviu O. Petrovan, Andrew E. Bowkett and Rebecca K. Smith


9.1 Ex-situ conservation – breeding amphibians
9.2 Promoting health and welfare in captive carnivores (felids, canids and ursids) through feeding practices
9.3 Promoting natural feeding behaviours in primates in captivity
10. Some Aspects of Control of Freshwater Invasive Species

David Aldridge, Nancy Ockendon, Ricardo Rocha, Rebecca K. Smith and William J. Sutherland


10.1 Threat: Invasive plants
10.2 Threat: Invasive molluscs
10.3 Threat: Invasive crustaceans
10.4 Threat: Invasive fish
10.5 Threat: Invasive reptiles
10.6 Threat: Invasive amphibians
11. Some Aspects of Enhancing Natural Pest Control

Hugh L. Wright, Joscelyne E. Ashpole, Lynn V. Dicks, James Hutchison, Caitlin G. McCormack and William J. Sutherland


11.1 Reducing agricultural pollution
11.2 All farming systems
11.3 Arable farming
11.4 Perennial farming
11.5 Livestock farming and pasture
12. Enhancing Soil Fertility

Georgina Key, Mike Whitfield, Lynn V. Dicks, William J. Sutherland and Richard D. Bardgett


12.1 Reducing agricultural pollution
12.2 All farming systems
12.3 Arable farming
12.4 Livestock and pasture farming
13. Subtidal Benthic Invertebrate Conservation

Anaelle J. Lemasson, Laura R. Pettit, Rebecca K. Smith and William J. Sutherland


13.1 Threat: Energy production and mining
13.2 Threat: Transportation and service corridors
13.3 Threat: Biological resource use
13.4 Threat: Human intrusions and disturbances
13.5 Threat: Invasive and other problematic species, genes and diseases
13.6 Threat: Pollution
13.7 Threat: Climate change and severe weather
13.8 Habitat protection
13.9 Habitat restoration and creation
13.10 Species management
13.11 Education and awareness
14. Marine and Freshwater Mammal Conservation

Anna Berthinussen, Rebecca K. Smith and William J. Sutherland


14.1 Threat: Aquaculture and agriculture
14.2 Threat: Energy production and mining
14.3 Threat: Transportation and service corridors
14.4 Threat: Biological resource use
14.5 Threat: Human intrusions and disturbance
14.6 Threat: Natural system modifications
14.7 Threat: Invasive or problematic species and disease
14.8 Threat: Pollution
14.9 Threat: Climate change and severe weather
14.10 Habitat protection
14.11 Habitat restoration and creation
14.12 Species management
14.13 Education and awareness raising
15. Terrestrial Mammal Conservation

Nick Littlewood, Ricardo Rocha, Rebecca K. Smith, Philip Martin, Sarah Lockhart, Rebecca F. Schoonover, Elspeth Wilman, Andrew J. Bladon, Katie A. Sainsbury, Stuart Pimm and William J. Sutherland


15.1 Threat: Residential and commercial development
15.2 Threat: Agriculture and aquaculture
15.3 Threat: Energy production and mining
15.4 Threat: Transportation and service corridors
15.5 Threat: Biological resource use
15.6 Threat: Human intrusions and disturbance
15.7 Threat: Natural system modifications
15.8 Threat: Invasive alien and other problematic species
15.9 Threat: Pollution
15.10 Threat: Climate change and severe weather
15.11 Habitat protection
15.12 Habitat restoration and creation
15.13 Species management
15.14 Education and awareness raising

Contributors

William J. Sutherland

(editor)
Miriam Rothschild Chair in Conservation Biology in the Department of Zoology at University of Cambridge

Lynn V. Dicks

(editor)
Research Fellow funded by the Natural Environment Research Council at University of Cambridge

Silviu O. Petrovan

(editor)
Research Associate in the Department of Zoology at University of Cambridge

Rebecca K. Smith

(editor)
Research Associate in the Department of Zoology at University of Cambridge