Ethics for A-Level - cover image

Copyright

Mark Dimmock; Andrew Fisher

Published On

2017-07-31

ISBN

Paperback978-1-78374-388-9
Hardback978-1-78374-389-6
PDF978-1-78374-390-2
HTML978-1-80064-544-8
XML978-1-78374-408-4
EPUB978-1-78374-391-9
MOBI978-1-78374-392-6

Language

  • English

Print Length

262 pages (xii + 250)

Dimensions

Paperback178 x 14 x 254 mm(7" x 0.55" x 10")
Hardback178 x 16 x 254 mm(7" x 0.63" x 10")

Weight

Paperback1018g (35.91oz)
Hardback1486g (52.42oz)

Media

Illustrations14
Tables4

OCLC Number

1166300757

LCCN

2019452598

BIC

  • HPQ
  • HPC
  • YQZ

BISAC

  • PHI005000
  • PHI031000
  • EDU040000

LCC

  • BJ66

Keywords

  • textbook
  • A-Level
  • morality
  • moral theory
  • normative ethics
  • metaethics
  • applied ethics
  • business ethics
  • sexual ethics
  • AQA Philosophy
  • OCR Religious Studies
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Ethics for A-Level

What does pleasure have to do with morality? What role, if any, should intuition have in the formation of moral theory? If something is ‘simulated’, can it be immoral?
This accessible and wide-ranging textbook explores these questions and many more. Key ideas in the fields of normative ethics, metaethics and applied ethics are explained rigorously and systematically, with a vivid writing style that enlivens the topics with energy and wit. Individual theories are discussed in detail in the first part of the book, before these positions are applied to a wide range of contemporary situations including business ethics, sexual ethics, and the acceptability of eating animals. A wealth of real-life examples, set out with depth and care, illuminate the complexities of different ethical approaches while conveying their modern-day relevance.
This concise and highly engaging resource is tailored to the Ethics components of AQA Philosophy and OCR Religious Studies, with a clear and practical layout that includes end-of-chapter summaries, key terms, and common mistakes to avoid. It should also be of practical use for those teaching Philosophy as part of the International Baccalaureate.
Ethics for A-Level is of particular value to students and teachers, but Fisher and Dimmock’s precise and scholarly approach will appeal to anyone seeking a rigorous and lively introduction to the challenging subject of ethics.

Reviews

The textbook stands out for its clarity and concision [...] Concepts are explained and material is appropriately divided into easily digestible chunks. The authors use relevant examples that support well important problems and concepts. Transitions are easy to follow and allow the reader to make important connections within and between chapters and parts. Overall, I really like the way the book is structured and the way its explanations flow.

Dr Ivan Guajardo, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Virginia Western Community College

Open Textbook Library, 2018.

Full Review

Table of Contents

PREFACE

1. Exam Specification Details

2. Book Structure

References

INTRODUCTION

1. Philosophy, Ethics and Thinking

2. Respecting Ethics

3. The A-Level Student

4. Doing Ethics Well: Legality versus Morality

5. Doing Ethics Well: Prudential Reasons versus Moral Reasons

6. Doing Ethics Well: Prescriptive versus Descriptive Claims

7. Doing Ethics Well: Thought-Experiments

8. Doing Ethics Well: Understanding Disagreement

Summary

Questions and Tasks

References

PART I - NORMATIVE ETHICS

CHAPTER 1: UTILITARIANISM

1. Utilitarianism: An Introduction

2. Hedonism

3. Nozick’s Experience Machine

4. The Foundations of Bentham’s Utilitarianism

5. The Structure of Bentham’s Utilitarianism

6. Hedonic Calculus

7. Problems with Bentham’s Utilitarianism

8. Mill’s Utilitarian Proof

9. Mill’s Qualitative Utilitarianism

10. Mill’s Rule Utilitarianism versus Bentham’s Act Utilitarianism

11. Strong versus Weak Rule Utilitarianism

12. Comparing the Classical Utilitarians

13. Non-Hedonistic Contemporary Utilitarianism: Peter Singer and Preference Utilitarianism

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 2: KANTIAN ETHICS

1. An Introduction to Kantian Ethics

2. Some Key Ideas

3. Acting for the Sake of Duty and Acting in Accordance with Duty

4. Categorical and Hypothetical Imperatives

5. The First Formulation of the Categorical Imperative

6. Perfect and Imperfect Duties

7. Second Formulation of the Categorical Imperative

8. The Third Formulation of the Categorical Imperative and Summary

9. Kant on Suicide

10. Problems and Responses: Conflicting Duties

11. Problems and Responses: The Role of Intuitions

12. Problem and Responses: Categorical Imperatives and Etiquette

13. Problems and Responses: The Domain of Morality

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 3: ARISTOTELIAN VIRTUE ETHICS

1. Aristotelian Virtue Ethics Introduction

2. The Function Argument

3. Aristotelian Goodness

4. Eudaimonia and Virtue

5. Developing the Virtues

6. Practical Wisdom (Phronesis)

7. Voluntary Actions, Involuntary Actions and Moral Responsibility

8. Objection: Unclear Guidance

9. Objection: Clashing Virtues

10. Objection: Circularity

11. Objection: Contribution to Eudaimonia

12. Moral Good and Individual Good

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 4: AQUINAS’S NATURAL LAW THEORY

1. Introduction to Aquinas

2. Motivating Natural Law Theory: The Euthyphro Dilemma and Divine Command Theory

3. Natural Law Theory

4. Summary of Aquinas’s Natural Law Theory

5. Putting this into Practice: The Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE)

6. Some Thoughts about Natural Law Theory

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 5: FLETCHER’S SITUATION ETHICS

1. Situation Ethics Introduction

2. Fletcher’s Overall Framework

3. The Four Working Principles of Situationism

4. How to Work out What to Do: Conscience as a Verb not a Noun

5. The Six Propositions of Situation Ethics

6. Problems with Fletcher’s Situationism

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

PART II - METAETHICS

CHAPTER 6: METAETHICAL THEORIES

1. Metaethics: Introduction

2. The Value of Metaethics

3. Cognitivism versus Non-Cognitivism

4. Realism versus Anti-Realism

5. The Metaethical Map

6. Cognitivist and Realist Theory One: Naturalism

7. Objections to Naturalism

8. Cognitivist and Realist Theory Two: Non-Naturalism

9. Objections to Intuitionism

10. Cognitivist and Anti-Realist Theory One: Moral Error Theory

11. Objections to Moral Error Theory

12. Non-Cognitivism

13. Non-Cognitivist and Anti-Realist Theory One: Emotivism

14. Objections to Emotivism

15. Non-Cognitivist and Anti-Realist Theory Two: Prescriptivism

16. Objections to Prescriptivism

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

PART III - APPLIED ETHICS

CHAPTER 7: EUTHANASIA

1. Euthanasia Introduction

2. Key Terms

3. Case One: Persistent Vegetative State

4. Case Two: Incurable and Terminal Illness

5. Pro-Euthanasia: Argument One

6. Pro-Euthanasia: Argument Two

7. Pro-Euthanasia: Argument Three

8. Anti-Euthanasia: Argument One

9. Anti-Euthanasia: Argument Two

10. Anti-Euthanasia: Argument Three

11. Anti-Euthanasia: Argument Four

12. Allowing versus Doing

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 8: BUSINESS ETHICS

1. Introduction to Business Ethics

2. Employers and Employees

3. Businesses and Customers

4. A Business and the Environment

5. Business and Globalization

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 9: CONSCIENCE

1. Introduction

2. The History of Conscience

3. Aquinas on Conscience

4. Freud and the Conscience

5. Freud’s Psychosexual Development Theory

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 10: SEXUAL ETHICS

1. Philosophy of Sex Introduction

2. What Is It to "Have Sex”?

3. Natural Law and Sex

4. Kant and Sex

5. Sex and Utilitarianism

6. Sex and the Virtue Theory

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 11: STEALING

1. Stealing: Introduction

2. Defining Stealing

3. Kantian Ethics on Stealing

4. Act and Preference Utilitarianism on Stealing

5. Rule Utilitarianism on Stealing

6. Virtue Ethics on Stealing

7. Metaethics and Stealing

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 12: SIMULATED KILLING

1. Introduction

2. Utilitarianism and Simulated Killing

3. The Kantian and the Virtue Ethics Approach

4. Films and Plays

5. The Paradox of Tragedy (or More Correctly the Paradox of "Negative Emotions”)

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 13: TELLING LIES

1. Introduction

2. What Is It to Lie?

3. Utilitarianism

4. The Kantian and Lying

5. Some Final Thoughts about the Political Context

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

CHAPTER 14: EATING ANIMALS

1. Eating Animals Introduction

2. Justifying Meat Eating

3. Act Utilitarianism

4. Challenges to Bentham

5. Utilitarian Reasons for Eating Animals

6. Kantian Ethics and Eating Animals

7. Virtue Ethics and Eating Animals

8. Cora Diamond

Summary

Common Student Mistakes

Issues to Consider

Key Terminology

References

GLOSSARY


Contributors

Andrew Fisher

(author)
Professor of Philosophy at University of Nottingham