The Idea of Europe: Enlightenment Perspectives - cover image

Book Series

Copyright

Rotraud von Kulessa; Catriona Seth

Published On

2017-06-23

ISBN

Paperback978-1-78374-378-0
Hardback978-1-78374-379-7
PDF978-1-78374-380-3
HTML978-1-80064-542-4
XML978-1-78374-415-2
EPUB978-1-78374-381-0
MOBI978-1-78374-382-7

Language

  • English

Print Length

178 pages (xii + 166)

Dimensions

Paperback156 x 10 x 234 mm(6.14" x 0.38" x 9.21")
Hardback156 x 11 x 234 mm(6.14" x 0.44" x 9.21")

Weight

Paperback572g (20.18oz)
Hardback947g (33.40oz)

Media

Illustrations63

OCLC Number

993367305

LCCN

2019452600

BIC

  • DQ
  • HP
  • HPS
  • 1QFE

BISAC

  • LCO008000
  • PHI034000
  • PHI019000
  • HIS010000

Keywords

  • Europe
  • Enlightenment
  • peace
  • European union
  • anthology
  • common values
  • Rousseau
  • Voltaire
  • Kant
  • Hume
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The Idea of Europe

Enlightenment Perspectives

In view of the challenges—many of which are political—that different European countries are currently facing, scholars who work on the eighteenth century have compiled this anthology which includes earlier recognitions of common values and past considerations of questions which often remain pertinent nowadays. During the Enlightenment, many men and women of letters envisaged the continent’s future in particular when stressing their hope that peace could be secured in Europe. The texts gathered here, and signed by major thinkers of the time (Rousseau, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Kant, Hume or Staël for instance), as well as by writers history has forgotten, present the reflections, with a couple of chronological extensions (from Sully to Victor Hugo) of authors from the long eighteenth century—the French Empire and the fall of Napoleon generated numerous upheavals—on Europe, its history, its diversity, but also on what the nations, which, in all their diversity, make up a geographical unit, have in common. They show the historical origins of the project of a European union, the desire to consolidate the continent’s ties to the Maghreb or to Turkey, the importance granted to commerce and the worries engendered by history’s convulsions, but also the hope vested in future generations. The Idea of Europe follows its sister edition in French, L’idée de l’Europe au Siècle des Lumières, also published by Open Book.

Reviews

The book is excellent for undergraduate teaching, for satisfying general interest, and for academics, students, and the general public to ascertain the essentials of Enlightenment and Romantic thought regarding Europe.

Christie Margrave

"L’Idée de l’Europe au siècle des Lumières. Textes réunis par ROTRAUD VON KULESSA et CATRIONA SETH". French Studies (0016-1128), vol. 72, no. 2, 2018. doi:10.1093/fs/kny066

Full Review

Table of Contents

Preface

1. Friedrich Schiller, ‘Ode to Joy’

A Hymn for Europe

2. Maximilien de Béthune, duc de Sully, Memoirs

Henry IV of France’s Great Design

3. Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint Pierre, Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe

Europe: A Project for Peace

4. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, A Lasting Peace through the Federation of Europe

A Study of Abbé de Saint-Pierre’s Suggestions

5. Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace

Universal Peace

6. Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint Pierre, Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe

What Size should Europe Be?

7. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Judgment on Perpetual Peace

The European Union: An Unrealistic Project?

8. Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Seeing Beyond Borders

9. Louis de Jaucourt, ‘Europe’ in Diderot and D’Alembert’s Encyclopédie

Europe in the Encyclopédie

10. Diego de Torres Villarroel, The Fantastic Voyage of the Great Piscátor of Salamanca

The Geography of Europe

11. Anonymous, ‘Academy of History’ in Supplement to the Encyclopédie

History and Political Interests

12. Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully, Memoirs

A Prototype for the European Parliament?

13. Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint Pierre, Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe

Europe and Islam

14. Voltaire, Essay on the Mores and the Spirit of the Nations

Europe’s True Wealth is its Cultural Heritage

15. Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat de Condorcet, Outlines of an Historical View of the Progress of the Human Mind

Making Rules to Bring About Peace

16. Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint Pierre, Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe

Our Russian Neighbour

17. Voltaire, The Century of Louis XIV

Christian Europe as a Great Republic?

18. Louis-Antoine Caraccioli, Paris, the Model of Foreign Nations, or French Europe

Unity in Diversity

19. Montesquieu, The Spirit of Laws

European Commerce

20. Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint Pierre, Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe

Religious Toleration

21. Louis-Antoine Caraccioli, Paris, the Model of Foreign Nations, or French Europe

The Riches of European Cuisine

22. Montesquieu, Persian Letters

Europe through Persian Eyes

23. Germaine de Staël, On Literature Considered in Relation to Social Institutions

Literature from the North to the South

24. François-Ignace d’Espiard de La Borde, The Spirit of Nations

Of National Characters

25. Louis-Antoine Caraccioli, Paris, the Model of Foreign Nations, or French Europe

Linguistic Diversity in Europe

26. August Wilhem Schlegel, Outline of the European Conditions of German Literature

The Role of Germany in European Culture

27. Gabriel-François Coyer, Voyage Through Italy and Holland

The Rape of Europa

28. Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint Pierre, Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe

An Economic Union

29. Charles de Villers, Constitutions of the Three Free-Hanseatic Towns, Lubeck, Bremen and Hambourg, with a Memorandum on the Rank these Towns should Occupy in Europe’s Commercial Organisation

A Common European Market

30. Stanislas Leszczynski, Conversation Between a European and an Islander from the Kingdom of Dumocala

The Empire of Reason

31. Tomás de Iriarte, Literary Fables

The Circulation of Riches

32. Louis-Antoine Caraccioli, Paris, the Model of Foreign Nations, or French Europe

European Sociability

33. Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint Pierre, Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe

The Safety of Europe’s Borders

34. Marie Leprince de Beaumont, The Young Ladies’ Magazine, Or Dialogues Between a Discreet Governess and Several Young Ladies of the First Rank Under Her Education

Colonial Europe

35. Louis-Jules Barbon Mancini-Mazarini-Nivernois, Duke of Nevers, Fables

Another Vision of Education

36. Louis-Antoine Caraccioli, Paris, the Model of Foreign Nations, or French Europe

The Importance of Trade

37. Johann Gottfried Herder, Ideas on the Philosophy of the History of Humanity

The Diversity and Unity of Europe

38. Françoise de Graffigny, Letters of a Peruvian Princess

A Critique of European Mores

39. David Hume, Political Discourses

European Civilisation

40. Louis-Antoine Muratori, Treatise on Public Happiness

The Progress of Justice in Europe

41. Louis-Antoine Caraccioli, Paris, the Model of Foreign Nations, or French Europe

Bringing Europeans together

42. Germaine de Staël, Corinne, or Italy

Italy and the Origins of European Culture

43. Marie-Anne du Boccage, Letters about England, Holland and Italy

Europe and French Fashion

44. Friedrich Schlegel, Journey to France

Europe Between Decline and Renewal

45. Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint Pierre, Project for Perpetual Peace in Europe

The Linguistic Wealth of Europe

46. Novalis, Christianity, or Europe

Spiritual Advent

47. Louis-Antoine Caraccioli, Paris, the Model of Foreign Nations, or French Europe

The Café: The European Place for Socialising

48. Johann Gottfried Herder, Ideas on the Philosophy of the History of Humanity

Happiness in Europe

49. Germaine de Staël, Germany

The Origins of European Unity

50. José Cadalso, Moroccan Letters

European Diversity Through the Foreign Gaze

51. William Robertson, The History of the Reign of the Emperor Charles V. With a View of the Progress of Society in Europe, from the Subversion of the Roman Empire, to the Beginning of the Sixteenth Century

Navigation and Commercial Exchanges

52. Johann Gottfried Herder, Ideas on the Philosophy of the History of Humanity

Europe and its Long History of Migration

53. William Robertson, The History of the Reign of Emperor Charles V

Union in Diversity

54. Diego de Torres Villarroel, ‘Sonnet’, in The Muse’s Distractions

Europe, A Political Whole

55. Louis-Antoine Caraccioli, Amusing and Moral Letters

What are Europeans like?

56. James Boswell, Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides

To Be Cosmopolitan

57. Louis-Antoine Caraccioli, Paris, the Model of Foreign Nations, or French Europe

French Style in Europe

58. David Hume, ‘Essay VII. Of the Balance of Power’

The Balance of Power and Future Peace

59. José Cadalso, Moroccan Letters

A Republic of the Wise

60. Jean-Charles-Léonard Simonde de Sismondi, Historical View of the Literature of the South of Europe

Europe’s Future in the Slow Lane

61. Germaine de Staël, Germany

The Union of Philosophers

62. Louis-Antoine-Léon de Saint-Just, Speech, 3 March 1794

A New Idea in Europe

63. Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat de Condorcet, Outlines of an Historical View of the Progress of the Human Mind

A Humanitarian Vision

64. Jean-François Melon, Political Essay on Commerce

Towards the Balance of Powers

65. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Considerations on the Government of Poland

Towards Cultural Uniformity

66. José Cadalso, Moroccan Letters

Europe and Africa

67. Emmanuel Kant, Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Point of View

Fulfilling Nature’s Aims

68. Napoleon Bonaparte, quoted by Emmanuel-Auguste-Dieudonné-Marius de Las Cases, Memorial of Saint-Helena

Governing Europe?

69. Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat de Condorcet, Outlines of an Historical View of the Progress of the Human Mind

Know the World and Make it a Better Place

70. Benjamin Constant, On the Spirit of Conquest and Usurpation in Respect of European Civilisation

An End to Wars in Europe?

71. Napoleon Bonaparte, quoted by Emmanuel-Auguste-Dieudonné-Marius de Las Cases, Memorial of Saint-Helena

Visions of the Future

72. José Cadalso, Letter from José Cadalso to Tomás de Iriarte

A Critique of Eurocentrism

73. Napoleon Bonaparte, quoted by Emmanuel-Auguste-Dieudonné-Marius de Las Cases, Memorial of Saint Helena

Political Hegemony and European Union

74. Alexandre-Frédéric-Jacques de Masson de Pezay, Helvetic, Alsatian and Franc-Comtois Vigils

Europe without Frontiers

75. Jean-Charles-Léonard Simonde de Sismondi, Historical View of the Literature of the South of Europe

Multiple Influences

76. Jean de Müller, ‘Letter 80’ (January 1778)

What Future for Europe?

77. Benjamin Constant, The Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns

The Character of Modern Exchanges

78. Pierre-Simon Laplace, An Exposition of the System of the World

Unity through Measures

79. Victor Hugo, The Rhine

The Franco-German Couple as the Pillars of Peace in Europe


Contributors

Catriona Seth

(editor)
Marshal Foch Professor of French Literature at University of Oxford

Rotraud von Kulessa

(editor)
Chair of French and Italian Literature at Universität Augsburg