Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia. Foreign Policies and the Korean Peninsula

Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia. Foreign Policies and the Korean Peninsula Peter Hayes and Kiho Yi (eds)
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This collective intellectual endeavor opens the door to an emerging new filed of collaborative public diplomacy, 'civic diplomacy', in which civil society organizations as well as local governments collaborate via transnational networks to envision, propagate, and implement shared solutions to such complex global problems as environmental, energy, nuclear, and urban insecurity.

Prof. Taehwan Kim, Korea National Diplomatic Academy

Will the complex interdependencies of today’s world spawn a chaotic war of all against all or a self-organizing, bottom-up collaboration for shared objectives? Peter Hayes and colleagues from many countries argue that civil society organizations and transnational networks can contribute mightily to solving global problems. Optimists and pessimists take note: the authors identify the obstacles to realizing their vision but—illustrating theory with rich case studies—they argue that existing patterns of transnational collaboration prefigure a new, hybrid identity transcending identity rooted in statehood. It can only be hoped that government and business leaders as well as all members of civic society in the Republic of Korea consider and act on these arguments.
Walter Clemens, Professor Emeritus of Political Science, Boston University, and Associate,
Harvard University Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies

This book raises critical issues, researches them from many different angles, and offers provocative conclusions. It is a fresh look at complex global problems that must be solved.
Professor Wang Yanjia, Energy and Environmental Technology Center, Tsinghua University

Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia offers the latest understanding of complex global problems in the region, including nuclear weapons, urban insecurity, energy, and climate change. Detailed case studies of China, North and South Korea, and Japan demonstrate the importance of civil society and ‘civic diplomacy’ in reaching shared solutions to these problems in East Asia and beyond.
Each chapter describes regional civil society initiatives that tackle complex challenges to East Asia’s security. In doing so, the book identifies key pressure points at which civil society can push for constructive changesespecially ones that reduce the North Korean threat to its neighbors.
Unusually, this book is both theoretical and practical. Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia presents strategies that can be led by civil society and negotiated by its diplomats to realize peace, security, and sustainability worldwide. It shows that networked civic diplomacy offers solutions to these urgent issues that official ‘complex diplomacy’ cannot.
By providing a new theoretical framework based on empirical observation, this volume is a must read for diplomats, scholars, students, journalists, activists, and individual readers seeking insight into how to solve the crucial issues of our time.

The Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability has generously contributed towards the publication of this volume.

Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia. Foreign Policies and the Korean Peninsula
Peter Hayes and Kiho Yi (eds) | June 2015
470 | 38 colour illustrations | 6.14" x 9.21" (234 x 156 mm)
ISBN Paperback: 9781783741120
ISBN Hardback: 9781783741137
ISBN Digital (PDF): 9781783741144
ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 9781783741151
ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 9781783741168
ISBN Digital (XML): 9781783746446
DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0059
BIC subject codes: JPSD (Diplomacy), 1FP (East Asia, Far East), JPSF (Arms negotiation and control); BISAC: SOC002010 (SOCIAL SCIENCE / Anthropology / Cultural & Social), HIS037000 (HISTORY / World), HIS054000 (HISTORY / Social History), HIS039000 (HISTORY / Civilization); OCLC Number: 968350307.

Peter Hayes and Kiho Yi
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1. Introduction
Peter Hayes, Kiho Yi, and Joan Diamond
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2. Global Problems, Complexity, and Civil Society in East Asia
Peter Hayes and Richard Tanter
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3. Energy Security and the Role of Green Economies in East Asia
David von Hippel with Yi Wang, Kae Takase, Tetsunari Iida, Myungrae Cho, and Sun-Jin Yun
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4. Urban Security and Complexity in Northeast Asia
Sanghun Lee and Takayuki Minato with Peter Hayes
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5. Complexity and Weapons of Mass Destruction in Northeast Asia
Peter Hayes and Roger Cavazos
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6. The Implications of Civic Diplomacy for ROK Foreign Policy
Kiho Yi and Peter Hayes with Joan Diamond, Steven Denney, Christopher Green, and Jungmin Seo
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7. Anticipating Complex Northeast Asian Futures
Peter Hayes, Joan Diamond, and Kiho Yi
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Roger Cavazos served for 22 years in the United States Army at the tactical, operational and strategic levels of war in the policy and intelligence communities. The last 12 years of his career focused on U.S. policy toward China and Taiwan. He lived and worked in China and Korea and was a Minerva Initiative scholar at Institute for Global Conflict and Cooperation at University of California at San Diego. Email:

Myungrae Cho is Professor of Urban and Regional Planning at Dankook University, South Korea. He obtained his D.Phil from University of Sussex, England. His is Head of Commission on Sustainable Development, City of Seoul, and Head of Commission on Cheonggyecheon Restoration, City of Seoul. He is a former member of the Presidential Commissions on Sustainable Development and on Balanced Development. He is Co-Representatives of Korean Citizens' Networks for Environmental Justice and National Trust of Korea. Email:

Steven Denney is a doctoral student in the Department of Political Science at the University of Toronto. He is also the Managing Editor for, an online collective of Koreanists and Sinologists who document events, contemporary and historical, on the Korean peninsula and in the Sino-North Korea border region. Steven speaks and reads Korean. Email:

Joan Diamond is Deputy Director and Senior Scenarist at the Nautilus Institute. She is also Executive Director of the Millennium Alliance for Humanity and Biosphere. Prior to joining the Institute in 2001, Joan’s career included executive responsibilities in business planning/strategy, organization transformation, and all administrative functions in Fortune 500 companies, research institutes, and in the Silicon Valley telecommunications industry. Email:

Christopher Green is a PhD candidate studying North Korean society and economics at Leiden University, the Netherlands. He is also the Manager of International Affairs for Daily NK, a prominent online periodical providing news about North Korea to the international community. He has been studying and writing about North Korean politics, society, philosophy, economics and international relations for more than 10 years. Email:

Peter Hayes is Professor, Centre for International Security Studies, Sydney University, Australia; and Director, Nautilus Institute, Berkeley, California. He works at the nexus of security, environment and energy problems. At Nautilus, he develops techniques to implement near-term solutions to interconnected global problems, and applies them in East Asia, Australia, and South Asia. Email:

Tetsunari Iida is Founder and Executive Director of the Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies, Japan. He has served on many government and non-government boards and committees in the field of energy and environmental policy. Tetsunari Iida is responsible for originally proposing for the idea of a Japanese green power scheme and was involved in developing Japan’s first green power certificate and the development of a financing scheme for Japan’s first community-owned wind power project. Email:

Sanghun Lee is Associate Professor at Hanshin University where he teaches courses about environment, ecology and urban and regional development. His research interests include the political ecology of water, energy, and risk management, especially in East Asia. Sanghun has a Ph.D. from the Department of Environmental Planning at Seoul National University (2001). Email:

Takayuki Minato is Associate Professor at the Department of International Studies at the University of Tokyo. Prior to his career in academia, Takayuki spent ten years working in Japan, the U.S. and Thailand, including a two-year secondment from JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) to the Asian Institute of Technology. Email:

Jungmin Seo is Professor of Political Science and International Studies at Yonsei University. He taught at the University of Hawaii at Manoa before joining Yonsei University in Korea. His research interests include Chinese and Korean politics, politics of international migration, forms of nationalism in East Asia, and state-society relations in discursive realms. He has a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Chicago. Email:

Kae Takase is a senior economist at Governance Design Laboratory, and a researcher at the Center for Low Carbon Society Strategy, Japan Science and Technology Agency, and University of Tokyo, specializing in energy economic model analysis, and renewable and energy conservation policies. She received her Ph.D in environmental studies from the Graduate School of Frontier Science, University of Tokyo. She has previously worked for several major Japanese energy related institutes. Email:

Richard Tanter is Senior Research Associate at the Nautilus Institute, and Honorary Professor in the School of Political and Social Studies at the University of Melbourne. Email:

David Von Hippel is a Senior Associate at the Nautilus Institute. His recent work with Nautilus has included extensive analyses of the patterns of fuel use and prospects for energy sector redevelopment in North Korea, and work with a group of Northeast Asian energy researchers to develop and evaluate the energy security implications of different national energy paths. He holds a Ph.D. in Energy and Resources from the University of California-Berkeley. Email:

Yi Wang is a professor and Director General of the Institute of Policy and Management, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Prof. Wang also serves as Member of Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of China and Vice Chair of the ISO Climate Change Coordinating Committee. His major publications include the annual China Sustainable Development Report (CSDR), China Study series, and Towards a Sustainable Asia: Green Transition and Innovation. E-mail:

KihoYi is Executive Director of the Center for Peace and Public Integrity at Hanshin University and Professor of King Jeongjo college of Liberal Arts at Hanshin University. Yi is Executive Director of the Asia Regional Initiative (ARI), a think-net in cooperation with the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability. Previously, Yi worked as Secretary General of the Korea Peace Forum and served as an advisory member of the Presidential Committee of the Northeast Asia Initiative. Email:

Sun-Jin Yun is a professor at the Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Seoul National University, Korea. She is a former president of the Center for Energy Alternatives, a grassroots environmental organization for energy transition, which introduced the concept of citizens’ power plants in Korea. She has worked on various governmental committees on energy and environmental matters. She has a Ph.D. in environmental and energy policy from Center for Energy and Environmental Policy, University of Delware. Email: