Geoffrey Khan

Published On


Page Range

pp. 193–194


  • English

Print Length

2 pages

7. Taxes

Chapter of: Arabic Documents from Medieval Nubia(pp. 193–194)
Letter 32 refers the payment of jizya ‘poll-tax’ apparently by non-Muslims. Letter 36 refers to the payment of maks (customs tax). There is a reference to maks in the legal document 45, which records the hire of a boat by Muslims to sail from Bilāq (Philae) into Nubia to conduct trade. This indicates that the Fatimid government controlled trade with Nubia and taxed imported goods.


Geoffrey Khan

Regius Professor of Hebrew at University of Cambridge

Geoffrey Khan (PhD, School of Oriental and African Studies, London, 1984) is Regius Professor of Hebrew at the University of Cambridge. His research publications focus on three main fields: Biblical Hebrew language (especially medieval traditions), Neo-Aramaic dialectology, and medieval Arabic documents. He is the general editor of The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics (Brill, 2013) and is the senior editor of Journal of Semitic Studies. His recent publications include The Tiberian Pronunciation Tradition of Biblical Hebrew, Cambridge: University of Cambridge & Open Book Publishers, 2020, Performance of Sacred Semitic Texts (editor, with co-editor Hindy Najman), Dead Sea Discoveries 29, Brill. 2022, and Language Contact in Sanandaj (co-authored with Masoud Mohammadirad), Berlin, de Gruyter, 2024.