Nafeesa Esmail, Rhys Green, Silviu Petrovan, Nick Salafsky, Nigel G. Taylor, Jeremy D. Wilson

Published On


Page Range

pp. 199–236

7. Framing the Problem and Identifying Potential Solutions

The creation of effective policy and practice starts by framing the problem to be solved. This requires deciding what is important, identifying the current and potential future threats, diagnosing the actual cause of the problems, and identifying solutions, including innovating to create new ones when required. In this chapter we describe various techniques that can be used to frame the problem including horizon scanning, situation models and theory of change diagrams. These can be used to identify the analytical questions and specific assumptions that underpin the assessment of evidence and decision making.