Tennysonís Poems: New Textual Parallels

R. H. Winnick

In Tennysonís Poems: New Textual Parallels, R. H. Winnick identifies more than a thousand previously unknown instances in which Tennyson phrases of two or three to as many as several words are similar or identical to those occurring in prior works by other handsódiscoveries aided by the proliferation of digitized texts and the related development of powerful search tools over the three decades since the most recent major edition of Tennysonís poems was published.

Each of these instances may be deemed an allusion (meant to be recognized as such and pointing, for definable purposes, to a particular antecedent text), an echo (conscious or not, deliberate or not, meant to be noticed or not, meaningful or not), or merely accidental.  Unless accidental, Winnick writes, these new textual parallels significantly expand our knowledge both of Tennysonís reading and of his thematic intentions and artistic technique.  Coupled with the thousand-plus textual parallels previously reported by Christopher Ricks and other scholars, he says, they suggest that a fundamental and lifelong aspect of Tennysonís art was his habit of echoing any work, ancient or modern, which had the potential to enhance the resonance or deepen the meaning of his poems. 

The new textual parallels Winnick has identified point most often to the King James Bible, and to such canonical authors as Shakespeare, Milton, Dryden, Pope, Thomson, Cowper, Shelley, Byron, and Wordsworth.  But they also point to many authors rarely if ever previously cited in Tennyson editions and studies, including Michael Drayton, Richard Blackmore, Isaac Watts, Erasmus Darwin, John Ogilvie, Anna Lśtitia Barbauld, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, John Wilson, andówith surprising frequencyóFelicia Hemans.   

Tennysonís Poems: New Textual Parallels is thus a major new resource for Tennyson scholars and students, an indispensable adjunct to the 1987 edition of Tennysonís complete poems edited by Christopher Ricks.
 


Tennyson's Poems: New Textual Parallels
R. H. Winnick | Forthcoming in 2019
ISBN Paperback: 978-1-78374-661-3
ISBN Hardback: 978-1-78374-662-0
ISBN Digital (PDF): 978-1-78374-663-7
ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 978-1-78374-664-4
ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 978-1-78374-665-1
ISBN XML: 978-1-78374-666-8
DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0161
BIC: D (Literature and literary studies), DC (Poetry), DCF (Poetry by individual poets), DSBF (Literary studies: c. 1800 to c. 1900), 3MNQ-GB-V (Victorian period (1837Ė1901)); BISAC: LIT004120  (LITERARY CRITICISM / European / English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh), LIT000000 (LITERARY CRITICISM / General), LIT024040 (LITERARY CRITICISM / Modern / 19th Century), LIT014000 (LITERARY CRITICISM / Poetry)

R. H. Winnick holds a Ph.D. in English and American Literature from Princeton University.  As a graduate student at Princeton, he co-authored Robert Frost: The Later Years, 1938Ė1963 (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1977), volume 3 of the late Lawrance Thompsonís Pulitzer Prize-winning (for volume 2) Ďofficialí biography, for which he received dissertation credit.  He next researched the biography of the American poet, playwright, educator, journalist, and statesman Archibald MacLeish, and edited Letters of Archibald MacLeish 1907 to 1982 (Houghton Mifflin, 1983).  As an independent scholar, Winnick has also published or placed eighteen articles on Chaucer, Sidney, Shakespeare, Melville, Clough, Hardy, and Larkinómost of these on textual parallels in the works of those authorsóin The Chaucer Review, Nineteenth-Century Literature, Victorian Poetry, The Hardy Review, Literary Imagination, Notes and Queries, and About Larkin