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Conservation Biology in Sub-Saharan Africa
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List of Boxes

Box 1.1 Conservation Through Public Health: A Case Study 5

Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka

Box 1.2 The Okapi Wildlife Reserve: Protecting Nature and Providing for People 14

Rosmarie Ruf & Marcel Enckoto

Box 1.3 Biodiversity: Can Humanity be Saved? 17

Nkengifor Nkeshia Valery

Box 2.1 Sacred Spaces: A Tradition of Forest Conservation in Benin 30

Emile N. Houngbo

Box 2.2 Why Go Transfrontier? (And Why Not?) 38

Tamar Ron

Box 2.3 Privately Owned Lands for African Conservation 40

Graeme Cumming

Box 2.4 Malawi: No Longer a Weak Link in the Elephant Ivory Trafficking Chain? 48

Jonathan Vaughan

Box 3.1 Finding a Needle in a Haystack: Monitoring Species Using eDNA 66

Tammy Robinson and Clova Mabin

Box 3.2 Golden Mole Conservation Requires a Sound Taxonomy 74

Sarita Mareeand Samantha Mynhardt

Box 3.3 Does Tardy Recognition of a Species Hamper its Conservation? 78

Colleen T. Downs

Box 4.1 Research on Hunting Underpins Conservation in Central Africa 94

Katharine Abernethy and Lauren M. Coad

Box 4.2 Are Wild Pollinators Important in African Agriculture? 103

Abraham J. Miller-Rushing

Box 4.3 Biological Control Saves the Cassava Crop 107

Meg Boeni and Richard Primack

Box 4.4 Conservation Lessons from the Asian and African Vulture Crises 110

Ara Monadjem

Box 5.1 The Importance of Liberia’s Forest Network to the Survival of the Pygmy Hippopotamus 136

Mary Molokwu-Odozi and Kathryn Phillips

Box 5.2 The Conservation and Exploitation of East African Plants 146

John R. S. Tabuti

Box 5.3 Migratory Birds of Africa: The Largest of the Last Great Migrations? 150

Abraham J. Miller-Rushing and John W. Wilson

Box 5.4 Saving Critically Endangered Ground Nesting Birds from Habitat Loss 153

Bruktawit Abdu Mahamued

Box 6.1 Does Oil Palm Agriculture Threaten Biological Diversity in Equatorial Africa? 170

Abraham J. Miller-Rushing

Box 6.2 Desert Birds and Climate Change 179

Susan Cunningham and Andrew McKechnie

Box 6.3 Habitat Alteration, Climate Change, and Mosquito-Borne Diseases 190

Kevin Njabo

Box 7.1 Solving Seabird Bycatch Problems: From Theory to Practice 221

Ross Wanless

Box 7.2 Conserving Elephants in the Anthropocene 227

David H.M. Cumming

Box 7.3 Aliens on Islands: Damage and Control 233

Peter Ryan

Box 7.4 Promoting African and Global Honeybee Health 238

Vincent Dietemann

Box 8.1 Pleistocene Extinctions: Climate Change, Hominin Predation, or Both? 263

David H.M. Cumming

Box 8.2 Swimming Dangerously Close to Extinction: Population Crash in Lesotho’s Endemic Maloti Minnow 269

Jeremy Shelton

Box 8.3 Fenced Reserves Conserving Cheetahs and African Wild Dogs in South Africa 286

Kelly Marnewick

Box 9.1 The Role of Biodiversity Inventories in the Management of Gorongosa National Park 300

Marc Stalmans and Piotr Naskrecki

Box 9.2 Sea Turtle Conservation along Africa’s Atlantic Coast 303

Angela Formia

Box 9.3 Sustainably Harvesting Fruit Bats Through Better Understanding of Life Histories 315

David T. S. Hayman

Box 10.1 Using Insects to Monitor Environmental Health 331

Rosina Kyerematen

Box 10.2 Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis for African Conservation 335

Barend F. N. Erasmus

Box 10.3 Environmental Governance in the Serengeti Ecosystem 351

Alex Wilbard Kisingo

Box 10.4 Sustainable Forest Restoration Using Natural Vegetation 357

Samuel Kiboi

Box 11.1 The Overlooked Role of Behavioural Ecology in the Conservation of African Mammals 378

Adrian M Shrader

Box 11.2 Large Predator Reintroductions: A Balancing Act 389

Craig J. Tambling

Box 11.3 Transfrontier Conservation Areas: Managing Biodiversity Across International Boundaries 398

Simon M. Munthali

Box 11.4 Saving the Northern White Rhinoceros with Assisted Reproduction Technologies 414

Morné de la Rey

Box 12.1 Insect Biodiversity Helps Solve African Wildlife Crimes 442

Martin H. Villet

Box 12.2 Protecting Elephants in a Hostile Region 444

Lorna Labuschagne

Box 12.3 Thoughts on Poaching and Illegal Wildlife Trafficking in Sub-Saharan Africa 453

Tamar Ron

Box 13.1 Mpala Research Centre: A Living Laboratory for (More than Just) Scientists 467

Anchal Padukone and Dino J. Martins

Box 13.2 Identifying Key Sites for Conservation in the Albertine Rift 475

Andrew J. Plumptre

Box 13.3 Marine Protected Areas in East Africa and the Western Indian Ocean 481

Abraham J. Miller-Rushing

Box 13.4 Zoning: Something for Everyone in the Forests of Dzangha-Sangha 487

Richard Carroll

Box 14.1 Traditional People and Conservation: Turning the Page 517

Abraham J. Miller-Rushing and John W. Wilson

Box 14.2 Importance of Protected Areas in Cities: Insights from the City of Cape Town 523

Pippin M. L. Anderson

Box 14.3 Preserving Biodiversity Through Shaded Agroforestry 528

Hervé D. Bisseleua

Box 14.4 Confronting Human-Wildlife Conflict in Zimbabwe 537

Steven Matema

Box 15.1 Not Just for War: Drones in Conservation 559

Meg Boeni and Richard Primack

Box 15.2 Supporting Self-Organised Action for Conservation in Africa 565

Duan Biggs

Box 15.3 Tracking Species in Space and Time: Citizen Science in Africa 570

Phoebe Barnard

Box 15.4 The Contribution of Education Towards Conservation in Africa 576

Shiiwua Manu and Samuel Ivande