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© 2019 Maurice Wolfthal. Preface © 2019 Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the text; to adapt the text and to make commercial use of the text providing attribution is made to the authors (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). Attribution should include the following information:

Nokhem Shtif, The Pogroms in Ukraine, 1918–19: Prelude to the Holocaust. Translated and annotated by Maurice Wolfthal. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers, 2019,

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All external links were active at the time of publication unless otherwise stated and have been archived via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine at

Updated digital material and resources associated with this volume are available at

Every effort has been made to identify and contact copyright holders and any omission or error will be corrected if notification is made to the publisher.

ISBN Paperback: 978-1-78374-744-3

ISBN Hardback: 978-1-78374-745-0

ISBN Digital (PDF): 978-1-78374-746-7

ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 978-1-78374-747-4

ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 978-1-78374-748-1

ISBN XML: 978-1-78374-749-8

DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0176

Cover image: Abraham Manievich, Destruction of the Ghetto, Kiev (1919). Jewish Museum, New York. Public Domain,

Cover design: Anna Gatti.

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