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Lifestyle in Siberia and the Russian North
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Index

Abramovich, Roman 57

aesthetics 3, 4, 11, 15, 19, 46, 78, 88, 9293, 192, 195, 198199, 203204, 211213, 243, 246247, 257258, 262–265, 269270, 274275, 277284, 286, 289290, 333, 338, 371, 393, 395, 427, 430. See also art

alcoholism. See health: alcoholism

Altai Mountains 57, 75, 94, 151, 175, 430

Altai Republic 48, 63, 131, 133134, 138, 145147, 150152, 154, 209, 441, 443

Altaian national revival 146, 153

Chemal 4748, 54, 57, 131, 133, 138, 146147, 151154, 156, 161, 441, 443

Gorno-Altaisk 134, 137138, 154

Ongudai 146147, 152

Alupka 183, 188

animal 15, 75, 224, 270271, 344, 347

animal figurine 344

animal rights 15

bear 347

reindeer 53, 55, 63, 66, 75, 82, 194, 220, 222, 231232, 262, 334335, 349, 430

salmon 56, 70, 75, 112113

Appadurai, Arjun 169170, 300

Arctic Ocean 53, 70, 418

art 91, 198, 260, 268269, 271, 274275, 278280, 283, 285288, 303, 357, 420. See also aesthetics

Athens 174, 178, 188

Baikal 4, 36, 5253, 64, 70, 143, 156, 161, 168, 175, 188, 295296, 311, 314, 320

Bakhtin, Mikhail 237, 365, 372, 393

chronotope 365, 372373, 376, 379381, 383, 385, 422

Barchunova, Tatiana 87

Bardot, Brigitte 10

Barnaul 70, 86, 134, 137, 147, 151, 232

Bateson, Gregory 342

Batken 323

Baudrillard, Jean 370, 393

Beck-Gernsheim, Elisabeth 1314

Beck, Ulrich 1314

Belokurikha 137, 147

Bering Sea 5657, 70, 416

Bering Strait 79, 416

Berlin 41, 173, 185186

Bevzenko, Liubov’ Dmitrievna 23

Black Sea 64, 137139, 144145, 160, 172174, 182, 187188, 416, 428

Bluhm, Katharina 403

Bolshevik 206, 277279, 284, 288, 296

Bourdieu, Pierre 46, 1013, 22, 24, 27, 121122, 132, 204, 210, 326, 365, 368, 393, 399, 424, 439

Distinction 1011, 368

braids 331, 340, 343344, 351353, 359

Bratsk 367

bricolage 13, 208211, 246, 348, 428

Buryatia 37, 53, 58, 74, 136, 176, 179, 181, 188, 205, 217, 295296, 319, 441, 443

capitalism 5, 17, 140, 148, 206, 257259, 262, 265, 268269, 284, 410

Caucasus 64

Chaney, David 5, 11, 1416, 19, 22, 27, 46, 92, 106, 132, 142, 196, 206, 257259, 262264, 267269, 275277, 283, 290, 298, 306, 324, 327, 332333, 337339, 361, 365, 368370, 383, 385, 393, 399, 401, 425426, 436, 439, 441

Lifestyles 14, 24, 35, 92, 191, 263

Cheliabinsk 234, 367

childhood 107, 118, 134, 145, 182, 231, 235, 246

Chita 175

Chukchi Autonomous Region 42, 45, 48, 5657, 77, 79, 193, 202, 205, 207, 210211, 217, 230231, 236, 243, 441, 443

Novoe Chaplino 4748, 5051, 5657, 89, 191, 206, 214, 230, 236, 415416, 441, 443

Provideniia 57

Church, the. See religion

class

middle-class 910, 24, 44, 141, 206, 209, 326, 408409

upper-class 141, 409

working-class 140141, 442

climate change 70

collectivism 23, 27, 83, 132, 171, 216217, 276, 281, 306, 382383, 401, 425, 445, 447. See also individualism; See also memory: collective memory

collective identity 12, 21, 383

collectivist ideology 401

communitas 42, 322, 325, 372

community 3, 7, 10, 20, 3537, 41, 44, 46, 49, 54, 5657, 63, 6970, 80, 85, 88, 9293, 112, 120, 132, 154155, 161162, 170, 179, 181, 192, 194, 196, 216, 219, 246, 258259, 262263, 265267, 269270, 272273, 276277, 280282, 284285, 288290, 296297, 299300, 303305, 313315, 317321, 323324, 326327, 333, 337, 346, 349, 353, 361, 368, 377378, 385, 393, 399401, 412, 415419, 421422, 426, 429, 440442

community formation 258, 262, 280, 282, 290

svoi 3, 281282, 289290

consumerism 28, 45, 207, 406407, 410, 429

Cossacks 51

creativity 23, 54, 106, 125126, 188, 354, 387, 402, 446, 448

dance 41, 144, 260, 269270, 285288, 315, 322, 338, 343, 347, 357, 375, 405

ballet 285286

circle dance 260

folk dance 286, 288

“The Twist” 144

death 63, 235, 245, 281, 344, 349, 392

funeral 236, 355

homicide 146, 192

suicide 192193, 334, 336, 349, 358

de Certeau, Michel 208, 370, 393

democracy 19, 288, 401403, 411

Dittrich, Rita 24, 26

Domaranskaia, Anna 23

drink

alcohol 57, 334336, 358, 391

vodka 109, 261

wine 261

kumys 259, 261

tea 110111

Droogers, André 343

economy

economic crisis 20, 57, 411

economic growth 20, 51

market economy 19, 150, 404, 408

education 9, 18, 21, 23, 45, 93, 113, 116, 137, 145, 206207, 211, 219, 245, 267, 270, 275, 277, 336, 340342, 349350, 391, 404406, 417, 419, 426, 440, 442

patriotic education 340341, 404405

Ekaterinburg 367

elderly, the 44, 112, 160, 343, 345, 374, 404

Elias, Norbert 370, 393

Enlightenment, the 341

equality 143145, 155, 159, 301, 314315, 320, 322, 324325, 328, 341, 403, 414

gender equality 341

sense of equality 315, 320, 322, 324325, 328

social equality 143144, 155

ethnic activism 295, 298300

ethnic belonging 2, 325, 357, 421, 446

ethnic diversity 156, 295296, 314, 322, 409

ethnic revival 303, 315316

ethnic symbol 34, 339

ethnotopia 226

Evenkia 41, 56

Chirinda 41

Ekonda 41

Tura 4041

family. See also childhood; See also motherhood

family portrait 227, 231

“happy family” 229, 231

kinship 37, 149, 224, 416, 419

nuclear family 228

Far Eastern Federal District 86

fashion 6, 16, 78, 144, 205206, 209, 241, 260, 262263, 268269, 275, 283, 370, 392, 408410, 426

dress 331, 338339, 344345, 351, 353

dressing up 240

ethnic costume 327

headdress 351

Mansi dress 351352

materiality of clothes 351

scarf 340, 344, 351353

festival 319, 321

Day of the Fisherman 110, 440

Day of the Reindeer Herder 73, 440

Nooruz 315321

Sabantui 311, 315321

Yhyakh 258261, 266270, 272274, 288, 440

film 10, 39, 192, 210, 274, 278280, 287, 366

fishing 51, 5556, 70, 111115, 120, 172, 187, 416, 430

folklore 41, 107, 155, 286, 315, 338339, 347, 349

folktale 273, 347

food 27, 57, 61, 63, 75, 79, 109, 131, 138, 194, 221, 240, 260, 262, 298, 325, 335, 350, 381, 410

banquet 260261, 266

cedar nut 61

fish

caviar 176

omul’ 61, 70

seafood 70

food deprivation 57

food exchange 75

kurut 131

potato pie 61

shashlyk 70

friendship 182, 315, 355, 359, 414, 430

gender 26, 28, 145, 158, 235, 246, 265, 299, 301, 303304, 326, 332333, 341342, 348351, 355, 357, 361, 408. See also equality: gender equality

gender divide 303304

gender role 26, 332333, 348350, 357

patsan 358

Gerth, H. H. 6

Giddens, Anthony 45, 1114, 16, 204, 268, 298, 428, 439

Modernity and Self-Identity 12

Grant, Bruce 277

Gurova, Ol’ga 9, 24, 26, 408410

Halle 185, 436

Handelman, Don 315

happiness 44, 191196, 200, 204205, 208, 210, 213, 215220, 223, 225228, 230231, 236, 242249, 268, 279, 402, 420, 423, 428

health 15, 23, 25, 119, 123, 134136, 142143, 146147, 153, 172, 182, 194, 204, 348, 414

alcoholism 192, 348349

life expectancy 192, 333

sanatorium 137138, 143, 147

spa 64, 135136, 141142, 159

herding 82, 153, 167, 334335, 429430

Hölscher, Barbara 24, 26

home. See also ethnic belonging

dacha 3840, 49, 5960, 72, 93, 149, 233

homeland 108, 157, 169, 179181, 188, 224, 297, 299300, 306307, 309, 311, 314

home photography 201, 208, 211, 213, 227, 246247, 414, 427, 440

homesickness 309

khrushchevka 230

new home 184, 188, 299300, 323, 412

original home 305, 309, 313, 326327

House of Culture 230, 336

Hradil, Stefan 13, 1617

Huizinga, Johan 365, 371372, 381, 394

Homo Ludens 371, 394

Humphrey, Caroline 126

hunting 15, 55, 111, 114, 120, 167, 187, 194, 240, 429430

seal-hunting 57

whaling 57

identity. See also self

ethnic identity 132, 145, 156, 160, 285, 301303, 307, 319, 337, 339, 395, 435436

identity politics 157, 258259

national identity 159, 162

patriotism 19, 21, 78, 117118, 160, 271, 401–405. See also  education: patriotic education

transnationalism 300, 311

religious identity 302

immobility 2, 41, 92, 149. See also mobility

individualism 6, 26, 82, 159, 216, 406, 408409, 429. See also collectivism; See also self

individual identity 184

individualisation 7, 1314, 16, 26, 408

industrialisation 18, 58, 122, 140141, 277

infrastructure 3, 18, 20, 35, 38, 43, 4854, 5658, 63, 65, 74, 77, 88, 9295, 112, 115, 119, 139, 151, 160161, 167, 171, 191, 195, 207, 211, 313314, 400, 404, 412415, 418, 428, 437, 446

dendritic infrastructure 48, 5051, 54, 95

infrastructural change 2, 36, 50, 58, 299

Irkutsk 4748, 5152, 60, 6768, 72, 7677, 82, 157, 168, 173175, 179180, 182, 188, 205, 295297, 307308, 310313, 316320, 441, 443

isolation 3, 7, 78. See also place: rural

Izquierdo, Carolina 248

Joan of Arc 373

Julius Caesar 373

Kamchatka 112, 118, 175, 177, 416

Kanter, Rosabeth Moss 5, 78, 10, 13

Kazan’ 86, 310, 367

Kemerovo 227, 310, 409

Kepes, György 198199, 205

Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Region – Yugra 48, 73, 91, 205, 217, 332, 334, 443

Saranpaul’ 4748, 51, 5456, 331332, 334336, 345, 349, 353, 356357, 415416, 422423, 441, 443

Yasunt 345346

Khanty, the 48, 54, 73, 91, 197, 205, 217, 221, 332, 334335, 337338, 344, 347, 353, 355356, 443

Khar’kov 140

Khrushchev, Nikita 207208, 230, 408

Kiev 2223, 89, 140, 173

King Arthur 373

Koenker, Diane 173

Kola Peninsula 3, 70, 75, 111. See also Murmansk Oblast, Terskii Coast

kolkhoz 105106, 109110, 112113, 115, 118, 120121, 125, 159, 206, 220, 222, 236

Komi, the 54, 66, 335, 337

Krasnoiarsk 38, 4041, 4749, 5152, 64, 6768, 70, 7273, 7678, 82, 8486, 8990, 178, 183184, 188, 233, 366, 384, 418, 441, 443

Kuril Islands 79

Kyrgyz, the 304, 316318, 320, 323324

Laptev Sea 70

Laruelle, Marlène 404405

Leningrad 9, 140, 282, 428

Lenin, Vladimir 142, 281

Lindquist, Galina 343, 361

live-action role-playing (LARP) 4, 365369, 371372, 377, 383389, 392, 394, 404, 422. See also play

Black Prince, the 391

Burgundian Wars 376

Hobbit games 366

“Makarena” 87, 367, 373376, 379, 383, 385, 391392

Time of Singing Arrows 332, 337, 339340, 342, 348, 355

War of the Roses 376

Zarnitsa 340342, 344, 348, 405

livelihood 7, 17, 22, 44, 57, 111, 113, 133, 402, 410, 426

MacDougall, David 218, 244

Magadan 53, 63, 86, 207, 416, 418419

Magnitogorsk 367

Mansi, the 48, 54, 73, 91, 205, 217, 331338, 340347, 349352, 355357, 360361, 443. See also fashion: Mansi dress

Mansi beauty, the 340, 351

Manzhouli 175

Marker, Chris 192

Marxism 24, 142, 276

Marxism-Leninism 18, 277279, 284286

Mathews, Gordon 248

Mel’nikov, Andrei 374, 377, 381, 386, 388, 390391

memory 181182, 184, 214, 236, 324, 342, 344346, 356357, 360, 383, 401, 425

ancestral memory 342, 344346, 356357, 360

collective memory 383

cultural memory 425

genetic memory 344345

Menovshchikov, Georgii A. 194

migration. See mobility: migration

Mills, C. Wright 6

Mirnyi 71, 272273

Mit’ki movement 282283, 289

mobility 2, 4, 3536, 4245, 48, 53, 55, 58, 61, 63, 65, 69, 7273, 75, 7778, 80, 92, 95, 107, 111, 114116, 132, 140141, 148150, 153154, 158159, 162, 167169, 171, 173, 184185, 187, 297, 299, 305307, 309311, 335, 386388, 390, 407, 411412, 415, 417419, 428, 438439, 442, 445446, 448. See also place: sense of place; See also immobility; See also transport; See also travel

migration 52, 106108, 168169, 180, 188, 290, 296297, 300, 304, 417, 419

patterns of mobility 43, 61, 132, 305, 307, 412, 415, 417418, 428, 442, 446

repatriation 306308, 312, 326

modernity 2, 7, 17, 19, 36, 93, 140, 155, 158, 206, 208, 277, 400, 425429, 446, 448

detraditionalisation 7

modernisation 4, 1619, 28, 58, 63, 70, 93, 133, 196, 206, 208, 284285, 318, 425429

Modernisation Theory 16, 19

money 6, 37, 39, 4345, 55, 66, 69, 87, 94, 105, 112, 114–116, 119121, 123, 133, 147, 158, 162, 176177, 184, 220, 267, 302, 308, 313, 315, 332. See also wealth

Monroe, Marilyn 275

Niagara 274

morality 15, 2728, 282, 285, 394, 403, 407, 429

moral strength 108, 124

moral values 108, 124125, 235, 270, 279, 287, 322, 334, 348, 388, 405, 429430

Morphy, Howard 262

Moscow 37, 46, 49, 64, 6768, 71, 7778, 8586, 118, 185, 207, 246, 319, 367, 399, 405, 409410, 416, 428

motherhood 229, 235, 246

movement. See mobility

Murmansk Oblast 48, 56, 111, 113, 123, 418, 443

Chavan’ga 43, 4748, 5051, 54, 56, 69, 75, 105106, 108116, 118120, 122126, 217, 415416, 441, 443

museum 131, 133, 146148, 152153, 158159

music 42, 78, 82, 8485, 87, 159, 260, 268269, 278279, 283, 287288, 298, 323, 336338, 343, 394, 405, 421

song 41, 176, 181, 285288, 315, 337, 347

national-cultural organisation (NCO) 4, 295, 297307, 309312, 314322, 324328

Nenets, the 63, 66, 82, 335, 337

nostalgia 180, 297, 299, 309, 311, 326, 401402

Novgorod 367

Novosibirsk 23, 4748, 5152, 5859, 67, 70, 7678, 8587, 8990, 133, 138139, 151, 161162, 175176, 179180, 185186, 205206, 217, 236, 238, 240, 243, 366367, 374, 376377, 379, 387, 389391, 408409, 415, 441443, 445

Ob-Ugric peoples 346, 349

opera 159, 285286, 421

N’urgun Bootur 286

Paris 178, 183, 188, 239, 430

perestroika 297, 310

photography 2, 36, 80, 89, 91, 167, 170, 184, 188, 198, 201, 205, 208, 211213, 216, 223, 227, 236237, 242243, 246247, 414, 420, 427428, 440, 446, 448. See also home: home photography

Kodak 89, 201, 210211

Polaroid 89, 201, 210

“selfie” 117, 198, 200, 238, 242, 247

Piatigorsk 136, 139, 145

Pika, Aleksandr 319, 430

Pisarevskaia, Dina 378

place

Near Abroad, the 149, 421

personal topography 169, 171, 179182, 188189

rural 10, 20, 23, 26, 3637, 4446, 54, 5658, 61, 70, 72, 74, 87, 94, 105108, 110112, 115, 120, 125126, 137, 145, 154, 158162, 181, 192, 197, 205, 207, 212213, 223, 230, 236, 247, 301, 305, 313, 316, 318, 322, 332, 349, 400401, 405, 412413, 415418, 426, 437, 442443

glubinka 92, 132

sense of place 223, 245, 419

urban 3, 15, 17, 20, 2325, 28, 36, 3940, 4446, 49, 51, 5354, 5859, 72, 7778, 8485, 8788, 92, 95, 106108, 111112, 114, 126, 139, 145, 149, 152, 161162, 181, 192, 197, 205206, 208209, 212213, 217, 223, 230231, 247, 262263, 265, 269, 283, 299, 301, 303305, 316, 318, 321, 327, 332333, 366, 376, 394, 401, 409, 411412, 415, 417, 426, 435, 442

suburbia 44, 59, 64, 72

urbanisation 16, 74, 106, 125, 141, 155, 157, 206, 334

Plastun 6768

play 2, 4, 27, 43, 45, 69, 80, 93, 140, 156, 184, 190, 234, 262, 322, 331333, 338–348, 350357, 359363, 365366, 368, 370371, 373, 376, 381382, 384385, 388, 393397, 421423, 446448. See also live-action role-playing (LARP)

Popova, Svetlana 347

Popov, Vladimir 45, 55, 61, 66, 8182, 92, 411412

poverty 7, 146, 296, 333. See also class; See also wealth

Primor’e 67, 443

Pushkareva, Natal’ia 2122

Pushkin, Akeksandr 209

Putin, Vladimir 160, 262, 402403

Putinism 403

religion. See also identity: religious identity

Buddhism 406

Christianity

Jehovah’s Witness 406

Pentacostalism 406

Russian Orthodox Church 21, 131, 273, 367, 401, 403404, 406407, 425, 429

Islam 406

Judaism 406

reincarnation 344345

religious cosmology 168, 179180

shamanism 169, 181, 259260, 266267, 269272, 274, 286, 288290

spirits 180, 223224, 259260, 270, 289, 343, 345347, 350, 360

Baiaanai 270275, 289290

Riga 140, 142, 148149, 155

rite of passage 175, 177, 187, 378

Rose, Gillian 193, 196, 198199

Rytlewski, Ralf 22

Sakha 37, 45, 50, 5254, 65, 71, 74, 77, 118, 193, 205, 217, 257262, 266275, 286290, 295, 314, 410, 427, 441

Olongkho 286

Sakha national costume 261, 268

Sakha national revival, the 258259, 288, 290

Sakhalin 63, 79

Salazar, Noel 171

Samara 367

Samarkand 142, 149, 155

Sayan Mountains 51, 75

school. See education

SDE. See Scholarly Digital Edition (SDE)

Sea of Japan 67, 73

self

“real self” 337, 339, 360

self-confidence 4, 355, 358

self-cultivation 142143, 159, 338339, 341, 345, 356, 416

self-formation 19, 28, 44, 194, 245, 418, 425

self-presentation 2

self-stylisation 14, 4345, 54, 188, 205, 338, 353, 369, 422

self-subjectivation 361

sense of self 22, 188, 228, 361, 403

sensibility viii, 15, 19, 22, 2728, 42, 46, 9293, 132, 142, 154, 156, 263267, 270, 275, 275277, 276277, 280, 282285, 287290, 298299, 318, 325, 332333, 338, 349350, 361, 384, 390, 394, 401, 406, 410, 418, 421, 423, 425, 427, 429430, 441442

shamanism. See religion: shamanism

Shushenskoe 142

Siberian Federal District 86

Simmel, Georg 56, 1516, 24

“On Fashion” 6

The Philosophy of Money 6

“The Problem of Style” 6

Sliudianka 61

Sobel, Michael 5, 810, 27, 263, 408

Sochi 138139, 160, 228

social media 45, 87, 95

Facebook 90

Instagram 90

Moi Mir 90

Odnoklassniki 90

VKontakte 87, 90, 324, 362, 366, 374375, 377, 391392, 422

Sokhan’, Lidiia Vasil’evna 23

Sontag, Susan 204, 426

sports 79, 85, 110, 151, 260, 336

Ssorin-Chaikov, Nikolai 18, 206, 215, 276, 333, 349, 427

Social Life of the State in Sub-Arctic Siberia, The 427

Stakhanovite movement 278

Stalin, Iosif 63, 230, 278, 281

Stalinism 279

St Lawrence Island 47, 5657

St Petersburg 78, 86, 118, 209, 246, 367, 386, 399, 408410, 416. See also Leningrad

surface 15, 19, 205, 242, 264, 324, 327328, 370, 421, 425, 430

Sutton-Smith, Brian 340, 360

Taiga 61

Tallinn 155

Tatars 296, 310311, 316319, 421

Tatar cultural revival 316

technology 35, 43, 5455, 58, 81, 84, 89, 9193, 191192, 195196, 208, 210211, 244, 246247, 265, 290, 335, 412413, 418, 437

camera 5657, 8990, 94, 201, 210, 214, 218, 222, 238, 383, 427. See also photography

computer 44, 56, 64, 77, 8586, 94, 116, 201, 240, 357, 366, 391

Apple Mac 265

internet 3638, 4446, 53, 55, 57, 64, 8488, 9395, 113, 319, 324, 368, 377, 399400, 413415, 419, 428, 438

radio 36, 41, 8283

smartphone 4546, 55, 57, 82, 90, 264

technological change 191192, 412413, 437

television 36, 3839, 45, 8284, 174, 207, 231, 287, 324

Terskii Coast 111, 113116

theatre 24, 81, 154, 159, 279280, 288, 336338, 421

Tiumen’ 55, 312

Tolkien, J. R. R. 366

tolkienism 367

Tolstoi, Lev 143, 248

Tomsk 59, 86, 367, 387

tourism 3, 10, 43, 5354, 57, 73, 75, 78, 107, 117118, 132, 135, 137139, 141, 143145, 147152, 155158, 160162, 167169, 171174, 181182, 186, 225, 319, 378, 411, 414415, 417, 438, 446

dikii tourism 139, 150, 172, 438

wild tourism 144145, 172, 175

transport 3, 3536, 42, 48, 51, 55, 57, 66, 67, 70, 7576, 9395, 113115, 133, 154, 171, 311312, 335, 413, 415, 418, 428, 440, 446. See also travel

airplane 41, 6162, 6567, 137, 140

KrasAir 67

boat 4142, 55, 57, 6970, 79, 114

Northern Sea Route 70

bus 51, 62, 76, 79, 220, 311, 313, 335, 382, 387, 414

car 36, 3840, 45, 48, 56, 61, 67, 7075, 79, 119, 150152, 185, 209, 240, 313, 335, 366, 368, 377, 408, 414, 438

rail 3637, 4142, 45, 4748, 5153, 57, 5964, 66, 69, 71, 7677, 81, 88, 9495, 141, 157, 160, 297, 382

Russian Railway Company 64

symbolic significance of rail 63

Trans-Siberian railway 48, 51, 53, 57, 5960, 64, 69, 71, 77, 88, 9495

sledge 42, 55, 63, 75

taxi 7677

travel. See also mobility; See also rite of passage; See also tourism

leisure travel 144145, 150, 162, 172

travel biographies 95, 132133, 144, 146, 159, 162, 168, 175, 388, 445

Turner, Victor 322, 343, 372

Tyva 63, 74

Ulaanbaatar 233

Ulan-Ude 24, 4748, 51, 53, 72, 86, 168, 175, 177, 179181, 183, 295297, 317, 319, 321, 323, 441, 443

unpredictability 44, 369, 378

Ural Mountains 4, 63, 334

Urry, John 42, 62, 140141, 155, 169, 184, 372, 387, 439

Veblen, Thorstein 5, 7, 10

Theory of the Leisure Class 5

Vikhorevka 61

Vilnius 140, 148

Vladivostok 4748, 51, 53, 65, 67, 70, 7274, 76, 79, 86, 157, 183, 188, 366, 378, 380, 389, 441, 443

Vokrug Sveta 172

Volkov, Vadim 19, 142, 275, 277278, 280, 425

Warhol, Andy 274

Marilyn Diptych 274

wealth 279, 402, 428. See also class; See also poverty

Weber, Max 57, 17, 24, 204, 439

White Sea 56, 69, 111113

work. See livelihood

World War II 134, 272

Yakutia. See Sakha

Yakutsk 4748, 5354, 58, 63, 72, 80, 86, 90, 224, 260, 266267, 271272, 287, 441, 443

Yamal Peninsula 82

Yasnaia Poliana 143

Yessei 41

youth, the 4, 24, 78, 87, 89, 109, 112, 139, 143, 205207, 237, 296, 331334, 336337, 340, 345, 355, 360361, 404405, 409, 416, 418, 442

youth camp 4, 331, 405, 442

Youth League, the 134, 143, 182, 281, 296

Yupik Eskimo 56, 191, 193194, 206, 210

Yurchak, Alexei 3, 83, 133, 143144, 276, 280283, 287, 289, 426

Zablocki, Benjamin D. 5, 78, 10, 13

Zigon, Jarrett 407