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Index

Academia Sinica 278

academic particularism 11

Academy of Sciences

president 49

Adams, Mark B. 34

Adler, Bruno 36, 109

Akima river 211, 240

Aksakov, Ivan S. 25

Alekseev, Valeriĭ P. 45, 49

Alesho, Oleksandr 133

Alexander II 86

Ālǐ295

All-Russian Archaeological-Ethnographic Colloquium 39

Amur [Hēilóng Jiāng] River 11, 295, 297, 335

Ango Holis 329

Āntè Bù 336

anthropogeography 82

Anthropological Society

St Petersburg University 30

anthropometric classification 397

anti-Bolshevik organisations 268

Antonovich, Volodimir 8790, 97, 112

Anuchin, Dmitriĭ N. 2829, 3536, 117121, 159, 161, 164, 171, 175, 177, 362, 394, 396

debate with Volkov 117121

on etnos 119120

race and culture 36

Áolǔgǔ295, 324, 333, 335, 342343

Appleton, Vivia B. 274

Arctic islands 350

Arctic Ocean 359

Argun [É’ěrgǔnà] River 309

Aruti͡unov, Sergeĭ A. 49

Bagehot, Walter 82

Banks, Marcus 2, 53

Bǎohuà 293

Barents Sea 350

Barga, N. Manchuria 314, 316, 319

Barth, Frederick

ethnic boundaries 235

Bashkirii͡a

anthropometric types of 13

Rudenko’s research 11

Bassin, Mark 42

Bauer, Otto 38

Baum, Bruce 136

Bayar, Nasan 295

Beer, Daniel 34

Běijīng [Beiping] 206, 238, 252, 259, 264, 275277, 279281, 311

arrival of Lindgren 311

Russian anti-communist committee 280

Russian House 280281

Belorussia 28, 132

Belov, Mikhail 357

Berger, John 340

Berkovich, Lev (Shlema-Leiba) Efimovich (Khaimovich) 257

Berlin 279

Bernshtam, A. N. 188

Bernshtam, Tat’iana 352, 360, 368369

Bernstham, Tat’i͡ana 367

Bern, University of 80

Bessarabii͡a 111

Bilenkyi, Serhiy 85

biosociality 14, 3437

and mínzú 10

and race 14, 24, 35

defined 14

the biosocial synthesis 34

Black Hundreds, Chernosotent͡sy 253

Blagoveshchensk 282

Boas, Franz 207, 266, 394

four-field system 397

Bogdanov, Anatoliĭ P. 35, 82

Bogoraz, Vladimir 33

Bolsheviks 253, 264

Braun, Fëdor 103

Brewster, David 302

Broca, Paul 33, 79, 101102, 107, 213, 393

Bromleĭ, I͡Ulian 26, 10, 14, 22, 46, 4957, 60, 366367, 389390, 393, 398

and Soviet Marxism-Leninism 50, 52

appointed to Institute of Ethnography 49

biological foundation of etnos 52, 398

competition with Lev N. Gumilëv 6, 54

co-ordinates a collective definition of etnos 49

endogamy 3

ethnic hierarchies 51, 366

etnikos 53

etnos as an integral totality 6

etnos definition 22, 50, 57

minor revolution of 10, 22

nested types of belonging 366

on assimilation and intermarriage 54

on Pomors 366

on the subetnos 53

on Ukraine 14

place of ethnography in the sciences 398

post-Stalin 49

re-discovery of etnos 393

subetnos definition of 366

Brubaker, Rogers 390

Bücher, Karl 82

Bukovina 91, 98, 117

Bulag, Uradyn 295

Buldorovskiĭ, Piotr 325

Buldotovskiĭ, [Buldorovskiĭ?] Innokentiĭ Nikolaevich 336337

Buri͡ats 208, 210, 217, 329330

Bystrai͡a River 315, 321, 338

Cambridge University

Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology 295

Canton 238, 275

Carpathian Ruthenia 98

Central Committee of the Communist Party 46

Cheboksarov, Nikolaĭ N. 44

Cheefoo 280

Chéngzhì, Yáng 275

Chepurkovskiĭ, Efim 121

Chernigov, City of 78

China 260, 274, 276, 278280, 343, 346

Cultural Revolution 304

first Chinese revolution 9

the Cultural Revolution 323

Three Rivers Region 15, 339

Chol River 333

Chubins’kiĭ, Pavlo 87, 89

Chud’ 370

Colloquium of Ethnographers of Leningrad 39

Commission on Cartography 265

Crimea 123

Danilevskiĭ, Nikolaĭ I͡A. 36

Daurs 293, 295297, 324, 327

Debet͡s, Georgiĭ F. 45, 134

Delaplace, Grégory 282

Deli͡un, village of 214

de Mortillet, Gabriel 79

Deniker, Joseph 84, 106, 119, 136

Denikin, Anton 122

de Quatrefages, Armand 102

de Saussure, Ferdinand 207

Di͡achenko, Vasil’ 133

digital humanities

analysis of archival photographs 322323

digital sharing the archival photographs as a research method 338

“visual repatriation” 341

Dmitrieva, Svetlana 362

Dolgoshchel’e 376

Dragomanov, Mikhaĭlo 87, 91, 137

Dugin, Aleksandr 59

Duma [parliament]

First 37, 95

Third 95

Durov, I. M. 364

Edict, Ems 97

Éěrgǔnà [Argun] River 296

Efimenko, Aleksandra 98

Efimenko, Pëtr 100, 117, 370

Ekaterinodar (now Krasnodar) 262

ethnicity

as relational 3

north Atlantic definition of 3

ethnography, history of 5

academic particularism 11

amateur societies 12

and Mogili͡anskіĭ 145

“crisis” in Soviet ethnography 56

ethnogenetic turn 43

French fin de siècle 102

institutionalization of, in Russia 13, 28

paleoethnography 9

Russian “imperial toolkit” 28

Siberian examples 37

Ukrainian ethnography 85

Ethnological Society 24

ethno-nationalism 399

etnos

and culture 106

and ethnie 14, 207

and fieldwork 10, 14

and material culture 230232

and mínzú theory 10

and physical form 3

and southern and northern Slavic peripheries 8

and subetnos 11

as a behavioural stereotype 3

as biosocial 7, 9, 396

as bio-spatial identity 204

as category of practice 390

as expert knowledge 3, 5, 7, 22, 230, 234235

as missing term 390

as primordialist 1, 13, 392

as self-regulating institution 269

biologically anchored 3

category of analysis 390

definition 2, 45, 207

hybrid individual identities 391

in contemporary Eurasian societies 15

individual identity 391

in post-Soviet period 21

in seventeenth-century thought 4

life histories of 2, 12

organic metaphor of 4

persisting across [Marxist] historical stages 14, 38

single compact term 23, 2930, 34

Slavic borderlands 11

somatic nationalism 3

spelling 1

working definition of 7

etnos-mínzú identity 296

etnos thinking 9, 390, 392

as linked to politics 78

biosocial compromise 55

definition 1

implied by other terms 22

lebensraum 36

on the edge of Empire 12, 16

originates with Karl von Baer 13

Eurasia

distinct from Europe 131

etnos theory 1, 3, 15, 23

Eurasianist movement 128130

identity terms 1, 209210

Russian expansion into 350

“Ukranian challenge” 131

Eurasianism. See Savit͡skiĭ, Petr

Mark Bassin on 42

Evenkis [Tunguses] 210211

Amur Orochens 334

Angara Orochens 228

anthropometry 13, 300

as a “guiding” etnos 220

disappearance of 208, 221

Naryn-Talacha Tunguses 217

Orochens categorized as Tunguses 210

Orochens, horse herding 228

Orochens, reindeer herding 211, 227228

Tunguses, cattle herding 217

Tunguses, horse herding 227

Yīmǐn Oroqens 329

Ewenki. See Evenki

Fedoseev, Pëtr N. 47

Fèi Xiàotōng 10, 238, 276

as student of Shirokogoroff 10

influence of Shirokogoroff on 239

Finno-Ugric groups 369

Finns 93

First Russian revolution, 1905 253

France 119, 236

Franko, Oksana 90

Frantsev, I͡Uriĭ P. 47

Fraser, Richard 333

Frazer, James George 395

Galicia 91, 98, 117118, 126

Galton, Francis 301

Gan River 297

Gapanovich, Ivan I. 279

Gě Jùn Gǔ 293294

Gellner, Ernest 2, 47, 53

Gemp, Ksenii͡a 363

General Headquarters of the Red Army 42

Geneva 89

Gēnhé 295

Germany 123, 270

Glebov, Sergeĭ 131

Granovskiĭ, Timofeĭ I. 25

Granоvskiĭ, T. M.

“races” 28

Great Russia 119

Great Russians 86, 93

Grushevskiĭ, Mikhaĭl S.

Hrushevs’kiĭ, Mikhaĭlo. See Evenkis

Gumilëv, Lev N. 34, 6, 46, 4954, 5962, 366367, 390, 398

etnos as behavioural stereotype 3

etnos definition 6

Haddon, Alfred 341

Hǎilāěr [Hailar] 261, 295296, 309, 327, 343

Hamy, Ernest-Théodore 102

Harbin 264265, 319

Far Eastern Committee for the Defence of the Fatherland 264

Japanese invasion 319

Herder, Johann 26

Hirsch, Francine 22

Hobsbawm, Eric 21, 55

Hohhot 295296, 339

Hoover Institution 257

Houses of Culture 373

Hrushevs’kiĭ, Mikhaĭlo 85, 87, 9092, 9498, 124, 134

Hsu, Frances 275

Hūlúnbèiěr 295

Hūlúnbèiěr Museum of Nationalities 293

Hūlúnbèiěr province 309

I͡Arkho, Arkadiĭ I. 41

Ignatiev, Pavel N. 31

Ikhe Bebe 328

Imperial Russian Geographical Society 2425, 27, 32, 37, 109

Inner Mongolia 319

Inner Mongolian Museum 339

Inner Mongolia University 293

Institute of Ethnography 42, 45, 48, 54, 133

Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology 44, 55, 61

Institute of History of Art, Folklore, and Ethnography 133

Institute of Molecular Genetics and the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences 371

Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkin House) 320

Institute of the History of Material Culture 133

International Union for the Scientific Study of Populations 280

Iokhel’son, Vladimir 103, 136

Italy 119

IUAES [International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences] 2

I͡Ur’ev [Tartu] 237, 254255

I͡Ur’ev University 254255, 279

John Amos Comenius Pedagogical Institute 128

Kadet’s Corpus 104

Kaĭgorodov, Alekseĭ Filippovich 319

Kaĭgorodov, Anatoliĭ 339

Kalgan 280

Kalmyks 109

Kanin Peninsula 358

Kareev, Nikolaĭ I. 25

Karels 372

Kautsky, Karl 38

Keith, Arthur 277

Keldysh, Mstislav V. 49

Keppen, Pëtr 28

Kerenskiĭ, Aleksandr F. 253, 262

Khamnigans 296

Khar’kov University 92

Kharuzin, Nikolaĭ N. 2930, 107108, 119, 394395

Moscow University 29

Khorvat (Horvath), Dmitriĭ 264, 274

Khripunov, I͡Akov 62

Khrushchëv, Nikita 46

Kiev 33, 79, 87, 8990, 108, 122123, 126129, 132133

Kiev University 85, 89, 111112, 132

Kirgiz 109

Klement͡s, Dmitriĭ A. 109

on division of Ukraine 109

Knight, Nathaniel 2526, 28, 353

on academic particularism 11

Koĭda 376

Kokeroff, Nikolaĭ Ivanovich, an Ewenki reindeer herder 315

Kolchak, Alexandr 264265, 274, 280

Kolchak government 265

Kollontaĭ, Aleksandra 80

Koropchevskiĭ, Dmitriĭ A. 8284, 109110, 130

Korsh, Fëdor 9496

Kostomarov, Mykola [Nikolaĭ] 8689, 111112

Kotwicz, Władysław 206, 258259, 264, 266, 278

Kovalevskiĭ, Maksim 90, 92, 95, 394, 405

Kozlov, Viktor I. 45, 49, 60

Krymskiĭ, Agafangel [Agatangel] 9596

Kudrina, Olga Dmitrievna 314, 338339, 341

Kudrina, Tatiana Petrovna 337

Kudrina, Valentina 337338

Kudrin, Grigoriĭ Vasil’evich 338339

Kudrin, Kostenkin [Konstantin] Dmitrievich 337

Kudrin, Nikolaĭ Larionovich 315

Kulish, Panteleĭmon 86

Kulp, Daniel 261, 274

Kumarchen 321

Kumar Orochens 335

Kushner, Pavel I. 42

Kyker, village of 210

Lake Baikal 224

Lamanskiĭ, Vladimir I. 36, 109110

Lasarev, Pëtr P.

biological physics 34

Lazerev Institute of Oriental Languages 29

L’École d’anthropologie de Paris 79, 101, 214

Lena River 359

Leningrad 39

Leningrad State University 33, 50

Lesgaft, Pëtr F. 35, 79

Leskinen, Marii͡a 371

Létourneau, Charles 79

Levin, Maksim 121, 134

life history [method] 12

contextualized 12

in health research 12

Lindgren, Ethel John 15, 294297, 309320, 322324, 326330, 333334, 336343

difficulties of her first fieldwork 312

early years 311

field diary 333

photographic style of 15, 318

Lindgren, John 293, 320

Little Russians 86

Lotka, Alfred 207

Lubbock, John 82

Lvov 88

MAĖ [Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography] 29, 78, 108109, 136, 184, 186, 212213, 217220, 224225, 232, 240241, 243, 260, 285, 295, 298302, 304305, 307, 320321, 332, 336, 339, 341, 355356, 359

Department of Physical Anthropology 274

Department of the Evolution of Culture 266

Shirokogoroff as Head of Department 214

Malorossii͡a 28, 78, 96, 109111, 118

Mamen, Oscar 295, 297, 309

photographic archive 317

Mamen, Stein 293

Manchu Empire. See Qing Empire

Manchuria 264, 276, 297, 319, 327, 343

Manchukuo republic 9, 250

Northwest Manchuria 293, 295, 297, 306, 310, 312, 314, 319

Manchus 1011, 220, 222, 226, 235236, 244, 252

Mangazei 357

Manouvrier, Léonce 89, 101102

Marcus Banks 13

Markotun, Sergeĭ 127

Markov, Alekseĭ 362

Martielkoi River 337

Marx, Karl 270

Mauss, Marcel 258

Mechnikov, I. 90

Mélange [Evenki field assistant] 216

Menges, Karl H. 278

Meria 370

Merkulov administration 249250, 258, 265

Merkulov administration 274

Miller, Aleksandr 100

Miller, Alekseĭ 87

Minns, Professor 317

mínzú

as nation-lineage 10, 24

influence of Shirokogoroff 203

Russian state influence on 13

miscegenation (metisatsii͡a) 370

Mogili͡anskiĭ, Mikhaĭlo 92

Mogili͡anskiĭ, Nikolaĭ M. 4, 6, 9, 15, 3033, 3738, 40, 7780, 85, 9192, 94, 96, 99100, 102114, 116, 121128, 130132, 136137, 146, 360, 389, 392, 395398, 129

and institutionalization of ethnography 145

and museum ethnography 145

and the Ukranian national movement 145

and Zelenin 172

anthropometrics 146, 155

as student of Volkov 146

course material 105

death 132

ethnography 108

etnos 30

etnos as a “single whole” 6

etnos definition 4, 30

etnos first publication 38

Eurasianism 131

fieldwork 111116

first use of etnos 4, 31, 102, 145

KSEK 155

meaning of race 106

museum career 108

naturalism in ethnography 32

on Darwinism 105

on holistic categories in maps 154

on Russians living in France 116, 116117

on the Bolsheviks 123

paleoethnography 9

research on Velikorussians 161

Slavic borderlands 11

teaching history 104

Mogilner, Marina 35, 136

Mongolia 318319

and Mamen 313

Mongols 296

Moscow 23, 32, 39, 42, 58, 82, 85, 9596, 117, 120, 129, 133134

Moscow State University 44

Moscow University 2829, 82

Moseev, Ivan 380381

Müller, Gerhard Friedrich 81

“folk typologies” 24

Musée d’Ethnographie 102

Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography 61

Museum of Russian Culture in San Francisco 271

Nadezhdin, Nikolaĭ 2527, 29, 393

narodnost 26

Naires 327

Nántún 326

Narodnai͡a voli͡a 259

narodnost’ [nationality] 26, 82, 134, 396

and dialects 97

and physical anthropology 82

Naryn-Talacha, village of 217

Nazi Germany 249250, 252

“new order” in Asia 280

Niederle [Niderle], Lubor 118

Non-Socialist Movement [NSM] 268271

Novgorod 170, 350, 356, 362, 365, 369, 371, 382

Novorossii͡a 110111

Numinchen 321322

Odessa 89

Ol’denburg, Sergeĭ 208

Omsk 265

Omul Ail, Dagur village 295, 322, 326

Orel oblast 111

Oriental Institute in Vladivostok 267

Orochens 11, 13, 15, 205, 210211, 214215, 217, 220221, 223232, 234, 241, 260, 321, 334336. See Evenkis

Oroqen. See Orochens

Öru Kere 334

Oslo

Museum of Cultural History 293

Oushakine, Serguei A. 60

Outer Mongolia 319320

Ovsi͡aniko-Kulikovskiĭ, Dmitriĭ 9293

Papillault, Georges 258

Paris 79, 89, 100101, 136, 239, 254256, 258260, 267

Boulevard Saint-Germain 257

L’École d’anthropologie de Paris 256

L’École pratique des hautes études 256

National Library 258, 270

Nevskiĭ cathedral 255

Paris National Library 258

Paris University 254, 256257, 267

Pasteur Institute 254

Société Ethnologique 24

Pavlinskai͡a, Larisa R. 6162

Pedagogical Bureau of the Russian School Abroad 128

People’s Assembly 268, 270271, 282

Petli͡ura, Simon 126129

Petri, Eduard I͡U. 29, 35, 7980

Petrograd 262, 266, 268, 281. See St Petersburg

Petrozavodsk 358

photography [method] 15

Pimenov, Vladimir V. 44

Pitt Rivers, George H. L. F. 279, 283

Platonova, Nadezhda 100

Podvysot͡skiĭ, Aleksandr 363

Poland

Koło [movement] 8

Poltava 89

Pomor Revival 378

Pomors [Northern Russians] 1516, 349356, 360361, 364367, 369, 371373, 375, 377383, 391

as colonizers 351

as cultural-geographic type 353

as descendants of the Novgorod Slavs mixed with Finnish Karelians 365

as etnos 381

as historical-cultural group of the Russian people 352

as indigenous group 15, 377

as local group 367

as purer essence of the Russian etnos 391

as subetnos 16, 365366, 391

authenticity 16

biosociality 350

division according to the coasts 352

identity movement of 350

in relation to southern Slavs 350

landscape and identity 349

Novgorodian Pomor 352

Pomorskai͡a govori͡a 364

wooden crosses 376

Prague 128129

Priamur’e. See Russian Far East

Putin, Vladimir 63

Pypin, Aleksandr N. 109, 396

Pyzhova, Anna 364

Qingdao 280

Qing Empire 11, 319

Manchu administrative dominence 10

Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred 276

Radlov, Vasiliĭ V. 259, 263

Rakovskiĭ, Khristian [Christian Rakovsky] 127

Ratzel, Fridrich 36, 8384, 109110, 119, 130

Reclus, Élisée 82

Regionalists, Oblastniki 265

Regnault, Félix 207

Republic of Karelia 358

Reshetov, Aleksandr 111

Richard verascope 302

Ritter, Carl 25

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 104

Royal Anthropological Institute 343

Rozanov, Sergeĭ N. 280

Rudenko, Sergeĭ I. 9, 11, 15, 33, 45, 51, 100, 117, 121, 146147, 153, 155, 159, 161162, 164166, 168169, 171172, 175183, 185189, 191193, 202, 265, 167

Rusov, Aleksandr 9596

Russian Academic Group 128

Russian Academy of Sciences

Russian Committee for Central and Eastern Asia Studies 297

Russian Anthropological Society 36, 78, 84, 117

Russian Committee for the Study of Central and Eastern Asia in its Historical, Archaeological, Linguistic, and Ethnographic Aspects 208, 213

Russian Empire 11, 79, 85, 87, 92, 9798, 109111, 123, 130, 136

and etnos 7, 78

and nationalist movements 8

collapse 250

delayed modernization of 8

first state Duma 8

intellectuals in 12

race science 35

revolution of 1905-1907 8

Revolution of 1917 253, 263264, 266, 268, 270

Russification 8

Russian Far East 9, 31, 249250, 264, 266

Primor’e Zemstvo Government 267

Provisional Priamur’e Government 249250

Russian Federation 296

Russian Free University 128

Russian Geographical Society 8990

Commission for Making Ethnographic Maps of Russia 266, 283

Russian High School of Social Sciences 90

Russian Imperial Geographic Society 87

Russian Museum of Alexander III 108, 147, 150, 156, 161

Lamanskiĭ 37

Russian Pedagogical Institute 128

Russian School of Social Sciences 95

Russian traders 319

Rwanda 399

Saami 372

Sámis 29

Savit͡skiĭ, Pëtr N. 51, 131

Schelling, Friedrich 26

Schlözer, August Ludwig 24

Schmidt, Wilhelm 276

Segeda, Sergeĭ 135

Semënov, I͡Uriĭ I. 47

Semënov-Ti͡an’-Shanskiĭ, Pëtr 109110

Semënov-Ti͡an’-Shanskiĭ, Veniamin 37

Semёnov, I͡Ulian 250, 252, 268

Sergeev, Mikhail A. 43

Shakhmatov, Alekseĭ 92, 9499, 125

shamanism 232

shaman’s dress as “adaptive technology” 236

Shanghai 267, 273, 275

Shanin, Teodor 2, 390

Shchurovskiĭ, Grigoriĭ E. 82

Shevchenko, Taras 9091, 94, 111112

Shirokogoroff, Elizaveta 216, 295

1916-17 Manchurian expedition 267

anthropometry 211

attempts to publish the manuscripts of her husband 277

education in Paris 297

fieldwork 13, 215, 240, 301, 304306, 308

linguistic work 211

on Evenki distrust of measurements 214216

wax cylinder sound recordings 240241

Shirokogoroff, Sergei M. 77, 203208, 210214, 217, 220224, 227231, 233238, 242, 295, 389, 391, 395396, 398400

1912 Zabaĭkal expedition 214, 260

1913 Zabaĭkal expedition 214, 223, 234

1916-17 Manchurian expedition 260, 262

1929 Yunnan Expedition 275

adaptive technologies 208, 212, 222, 227, 236

and Chinese anthropology 238

and Chinese anthropology 9

anthropometry 14, 211212, 224, 238, 267, 274275

anti-evolutionistic views 260

anti-Semitism 259

arrest in Hǎilāěr 261

as ethnographer of Civil War 252, 266

as popularizer of etnos 13

Big Etnos 283

citation of, word of mouth 13

creole categories 210

cultured-ness [kul’turnost’] 205

degeneration of political parties 257, 269, 271

equilibrium 207208, 221222, 228, 231, 234, 252

ethnic amalgamation 306

etnos as a “coherent set” 6

etnos definition 5, 31, 207

gifts in the field 300

Head of Department of Physical Anthropology MAĖ 214, 266

hear-say classifications 227228

in China 238, 252, 275

in Nazi-controlled Germany 252, 278, 283

in Paris 259, 297

inspiration for etnos theory 260

in St Petersburg 223, 259

in the Russian Far East 9, 249

land surveying / cartography 301

linguistic work 211

on Evenki [Tungus] clan identities 228230

on the “growth and decline” of etnoses 4, 203, 231

on the southern origin of Evenkis [Tunguses] 220

Orochen material culture 230233

people-less internationalism 271

photography 15, 211, 216, 225, 300, 307

political pamphlets 39, 270

popular will 270

programme of correspondence 13

psychomental complex 116, 226, 235, 237, 259, 276, 283

publication of Etnos 38, 214, 267

publications unavailable in Russian 13

relations with his uncle Ivan 254

relations with Kerenskiĭ 253, 262

relations with Khorvat 264

relations with Kolchak 265

relations with Radlov 213214, 263

relations with Shternberg 206207, 210, 259260, 263, 266, 268

research at the imperial frontier 11

shamanism 204, 232, 252, 267, 270

snail metaphor 207, 226, 234241

statistical analysis 258, 260

The Nomadic Tunguses [unpublished manuscript] 214

Tungus hypothesis 204

unpublished anthropometric essay 216, 221

unpublished anthropometric manuscript 241

unpublished dictionary 241

unpublished manuscript on etnos 238

unpublished manuscript on Orochen ethnography 226236, 242243, 260

upbringing in the company of physicians 237

weddings as a field method 224, 230

Shirokogoroffs, Sergei and Elizaveta 13, 15, 61, 210, 212, 216, 223, 225226, 239241, 260, 262264, 266, 276, 280, 295302, 304306, 309, 311, 313314, 316, 318319, 322323, 331, 333, 340343, 365, 393

Shirokogorova, Aleksandra I͡Ul’evna, mother of Sergei M. Shirokogoroff 253

Shirokogorov, Ivan I. 254255, 276

Shirokogorov, Mikhail I, father of Sergei M. Shirokogoroff 253

Shirokogorov, Vladimir, brother of Sergei M. Shirokogoroff 254255

Shternberg, Lev I͡A. 2934, 37, 103, 107108, 136, 153, 155156, 206, 210, 212213, 221, 224, 240241, 251, 259261, 263264, 266, 268, 270, 284, 289, 394395

evolutionism 260

Shul’gin, Aleksandr 127

Shul’gin, Vasiliĭ Vital’evich 127128

Siberia 350

Siberian Studies Institute 265

Skalník, Peter 3

Skoropadskiĭ, Pavlo 79, 122, 126

Slavinskiĭ, Maksim 94

Sluchevskiĭ, Konstantin 354

Smith, Canfield 269, 280

Sobolevskiĭ, Alekseĭ 96

Société d’anthropologie de Paris 33, 94, 101

Société Ethnologique 24

Society for Slavic Culture 96

Solons 296

Soloveĭ, Valeriĭ D. 59

Solov’ëv, Sergeĭ 25

Solov’ëv, S. M.

”races” 28

Solovki Islands 358

Sontag, Susan 297

Soviet Union 41

Stalin, Iosif 38, 42

Stasov, Vladimir V. 109

State Institute of Geography 33

Stocking, George 23

St Petersburg 23, 29, 32, 51, 7980, 8486, 90, 9495, 108, 111, 117, 120, 130, 132, 136. See Petrograd, Leningrad

Faculty of Physics and Mathematics at St Petersburg University 259

St Petersburg University 7880, 82, 91, 117, 120

Russian Anthropological Society 35

Struve, Vasiliĭ V.

director of Institute of Ethnography 41

Sts. Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood [movement] 85

Switzerland 119

Talbot, Henry Fox 296

Teachers’ Institute 104

The F. K. Vovk Museum of Ethnology and Anthropology 133

Tientsin 280

Tishkov, Valeriĭ A. 54, 56, 63, 390

Tokarev, Sergeĭ A. 44, 134

Tōkyō [Tokyo] 23

Tolstov, Sergeĭ 40, 134

Tolz, Vera

on intellectuals 8

Tomsk 265

Topinard, Paul 84, 87, 8990

Torgakon, village of 217

Torres Strait expedition 341

Transcarpathia 91

tribalism 399

Trubet͡skoĭ, Nikolaĭ S. 106107

Trudoviki, a faction of the Socialist Revolutionary Party 253

T. Shevchenko Scientific Society 9495, 117

Tsing Hua University 276

Tugan-Baranovskiĭ, Mikhail 95

Tula 110111

Tumasonis, Donald 278

Tunguses. See Evenkis, Orochens

Turks 93

Twelfth Congress of the Russian Natural Scientists 32

Tyksyr, village of 211, 240

Tylor, Edward 82, 258

Ukraine 79, 85, 8990, 9497, 109, 112, 117, 122, 124128, 133, 136

anthropological map of 118

Bromleĭ on 14

ethnographic border with [Great] Russians 11

Hromada [movement] 8, 88, 9495

Khlopomany [movement] 88

nationalism based on “spirit” 86

National State of Ukraine [Hetmanat] 122

Sts. Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood [movement] 85

Ukrainian Academy of Sciences 94, 132133

Ukrainian National Committee in Paris 123, 127128

Ukrainian national movement 78

Ulaanbaatar [Urga] 312

British American Tobacco Company 313

Lindgren arrives in 311

Lindgren meets Mamen in 312

Ulugit, river 294

Union of Russian Writers and Journalists of the Czech Republic 128

United States 270

Upper Volga region 369

Upper Yīmǐn River 334

Urul’ga, village of 208209

USSR

and ethnography 40

fragmentation 21

Utsi, Mikel 343

Valuev Circular, The 87

van Gennup, Arnold 207

Vardø 376

Vasiliĭ V. Radlov [Friedrich Wilhelm Radloff] 109, 206, 259

work at the Russian Museum 109

Vavilov, Nikolaĭ I.

“science of selection” 34

Velikorussians [Great Russians]

anthropometry 161

Vepses 372

Vernadskiĭ, Vasiliĭ I. 263

Vernadskiĭ, Vladimir I.

“biogeochemistry” 34

Ves’ 370

Vladivostok 61, 234, 257259, 264268, 273274, 280281

Far Eastern University 9

Far East University 282

Vladivostok and Harbin

Far East Committee 265

Volga region 369

Volkov, Fëdor [Vovk] 9, 11, 1314, 3234, 36, 4546, 51, 7880, 85, 88103, 115121, 125, 132137, 144146, 148, 151156, 158159, 161, 164166, 168170, 172, 175177, 180181, 183, 186187, 190191, 193, 214, 259, 289, 361, 392, 397, 167

anthropology of Ukrainians 36

death 132

Deputy of T. Shevchenko Scientific Society 95

first article 99

linguistic typologies 14

paleoethnography 9, 13

paleoethnological school 100

“Volkov school”, the 117

Vologda oblast 368

Vol’sk, town 253, 262

von Baer, Karl

and etnos thinking 13

von Baer, Karl Ernst

and etnos thinking 13

and the Russian North 13

IRGO 25

positivism 27

Vrangel’, Pëtr 123

Wagner, Moritz 84

Wampuyen 342

White Sea 350

Xiaonian 317

Yáng Chéngzhì 10, 275

as student of Shirokogoroff 10

Yīmǐn River 295, 329, 342

Yis [Lolo] 275

Yugoslavia 399

Zabaĭkal’e 208210

Zabaĭkal’skiĭ Kraĭ 226

Zagoskin, Nikolaĭ 356

Zalesskiĭ [Zaleskі], Adam 134

Zelenin, Dmitriĭ K. 9, 146147, 152, 166, 168, 172174, 183, 188189, 266, 364

Zimni͡ai͡a Zolotitsa 362

Zograf, Nikolaĭ 370

Zolotarëv, David 33, 100, 121, 146147, 153, 156, 159, 161162, 166, 168, 170172, 183, 185186, 188189, 191