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© David G. Anderson, Dmitry V. Arzyutov, and Sergei S. Alymov.

Copyright of each chapter is maintained by its authors.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work; to adapt the work and to make commercial use of the work providing attribution is made to the author (but not in any way that suggests that he endorses you or your use of the work).

Attribution should include the following information:

David G. Anderson, Dmitry V. Arzyutov and Sergei S. Alymov (eds.), Life Histories of Etnos Theory in Russia and Beyond. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers, 2019,

Copyright and permissions for the reuse of many of the images included in this publication differ from the above. Copyright and permissions information for images is provided separately in the List of Illustrations.

Every effort has been made to identify and contact copyright holders and any omission or error will be corrected if notification is made to the publisher.

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Digital material and resources associated with this volume are available at

ISBN Paperback: 978-1-78374-544-9

ISBN Hardback: 978-1-78374-545-6

ISBN Digital (PDF): 978-1-78374-546-3

ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 978-1-78374-547-0

ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 978-1-78374-548-7

ISBN Digital (XML): 978-1-78374-685-9

Cover image: S. M. Shirokogoroff, Psychomental Complex of the Tungus (London: Kegan Paul, 1935), p. 36. Cover design: Corin Throsby.

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Printed in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia by Lightning Source for Open Book Publishers (Cambridge, UK)