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acrobat, acrobatics 9394, 96, 100, 108, 112, 117, 166, 175176, 203, 211, 224, 233, 245, 288, 330

Acrobat and the Angel, The 211212

Adair, Douglass (1912–1968) 125

Adair, Virginia Hamilton (1913–2004) 124126, 292

Adams, Maryline Poole 201203, 310, 325326

adaptation 8, 10, 12, 33, 37, 51, 54, 5759, 62, 78, 94, 96, 116, 163, 169, 171172, 177, 183, 190, 208209, 222, 230, 237, 245, 249, 265266, 271, 306, 319, 341

Adgar of Gateley (late twelfth century) 72, 83, 272, 276

Adoration of the Magi 150, 184

Advent 152, 299300, 329

Aeneas 289

Aldenham Institute 5052

Alden, Raymond MacDonald (1873–1924) 191, 319

Alexandria 19, 253

Alfonso X the Wise (1221–1284; ruled 1252–1284) 243, 337

Alfred of Wessex (849–899; King of Wessex 871–899) 112

Allen, Fred (1894–1956) 173

Almond, Paul (1931–2015) 177, 314

America, American 5, 11, 16, 39, 46, 53, 59, 6162, 6566, 75, 7778, 83, 88, 90, 92, 97, 99100, 106, 111, 113, 116119, 127, 129, 132, 141, 149, 152153, 155156, 160163, 165, 168174, 176180, 182, 186, 190, 193, 195197, 200201, 204, 209, 226, 230231, 233234, 237238, 240, 243, 245246, 249, 269270, 273, 278279, 288, 290, 293, 296, 298299, 303304, 308311, 316317, 319321, 326, 328, 330, 333, 340, 342343

analogous stories 59, 72, 183, 216217, 240

Anglican 112113, 176, 178, 181

Anglo-Norman 72

Annunciation 35

antiquarian 6, 39

Apollo 226

Arabian Nights 38, 333

Arabic 253, 263

Arachne 271

architecture 6, 9, 14, 18, 37, 3940, 46, 58, 62, 77, 99, 128, 133134, 141142, 162, 193, 219, 241, 261, 293, 296, 305

Arras 7, 58

Holy Candle of Arras 58

Arreola, Juan José (1918–2001) 195196, 321

Art Deco 33, 36, 168

Arthur, King 149, 195, 299

artisan 16, 38, 69, 84

Arts and Crafts movement 6, 12, 16, 46, 51

Assumption 97, 222

Atlantic 67, 75, 84, 106, 110, 141, 156, 174, 177, 273

audiences 61, 7576, 87, 95, 108, 118, 161, 164, 166, 171, 173, 179, 181, 213, 219, 229, 237238, 246, 301, 315

audio recordings 8791, 89, 171, 278282

Australia, Australian 98, 281

Austria, Austrian 76, 319, 336

Ba’al Shem Tov. See Besht

Baldridge, Cyrus Leroy (1889–1975) 154, 300

ballet 82, 108, 175, 311, 313, 343

Balzac, Honoré de (1799–1850) 56

Baroncelli, Jacques de (1881–1951) 63, 8385, 269271, 276277

Barrie, J.M. (1860–1937) 333

Basel 159, 302

Bates, Katharine Lee (1859–1929) 328

Battaglia, Dino (1923–1983) 214216, 333

Battaglia, Laura (née De Vescovi) 216, 333

Bédier, Joseph (1864–1938) 33, 57, 256

Belgium, Belgian 71, 75, 83, 87, 179, 207, 249, 278, 331

belle époque 6, 11, 16, 75, 118

Benedict of Nursia (ca. 480-ca. 547) 241

Benedictine 229, 241

Benjamin, Walter (1892–1940) 74, 247

Bennett, William J. (b. 1943) 116, 118119, 233, 290

Benton, Jessica (b. 1942) 314

Berkeley 157, 161162, 202203, 304305, 325

Berlin 273, 279, 302

Berlioz, Hector (1803–1869) 298

Bernède, Arthur (1871–1937) 271

Bernhardt, Sarah (1844–1923) 82

Bertha of the Big Foot 61

Besht (1698–1760) 100101, 103, 282, 284

Best, Edna (1900–1974) 270, 299, 316317

Bethlehem 184, 187, 216, 317

Bettiol, Françoise 333

Bettiol, Italo (b. 1926) 333

Bible 67, 95, 144, 216, 224, 281, 319

Big Ben 165

Bin Gorion, Micha Joseph (1865–1921) 101, 283

Black Madonna, Black Maria, Black Virgin 3536, 7071

Blechman, R.O. (born Oscar Robert Blechman) (b. 1930) 173, 176, 213, 239

Bloomsbury group 113

Bolliger, Max (1929–2013) 216218, 333334, 338

Bologna 240, 283

Bonetto, Giovanni 114116

Booth, Edwin (1833–1893) 308

Booth, John Wilkes (1838–1865) 308

Borelli, Raymond de (1837–1906) 207

Bosch, Hieronymus (ca. 1450–1516) 184, 248

Boston 37, 64, 83, 97, 257, 269

Bourget, Paul (1852–1935) 12, 38, 250, 258

Bowie, David (born David Robert James, 1947–2016) 318

Brandywine School 149, 298299

Britain, British 7, 16, 61, 66, 92, 116, 120, 141, 168, 174175, 177, 247, 251, 269270, 312313, 316

British Broadcasting Company (BBC) 128, 168, 177, 307

Britten, Benjamin (1913–1976) 312

Broadway 269, 303

Broun, Heywood Hale (1888–1939) 157, 301

Brun, Félix (1851–1926) 54, 62

Bryan, William Jennings (1860–1925) 8889

Buckley Jr., William F. (1925–2008) 116118, 290

Buddhism, Buddhists 106, 125, 285

Bühler, Fritz (1909–1963) 157159, 302

Burne-Jones, Edward (1833–1898) 16

Caesarius of Heisterbach (ca. 1180–1240) 31, 7172, 97, 271, 280

Caillavet, Albert Arman de (1841–1919) 276

Caillavet, Gaston Arman de (1869–1915) 276

Caillavet, Madame Arman de (née Léontine Lippmann) (1844–1910) 83, 197, 276, 322

Cain, Henri (1859–1937) 271

California 161163, 274, 300, 304305, 310, 325

calligraphy 12, 1516, 19, 44, 49, 133, 256

Canada, Canadian 98, 100, 177178, 313314, 333

Canadian Broadcast Corporation (CBC) 313314

Canby, Henry Seidel (1878–1961) 52

carol 151, 163, 202, 305, 310, 312, 315, 319

Carter, James Earl (b. 1924; U.S. President 1977–1981) 118

Casanova, Fiorenza (b. 1951) 219, 334

cathedral 7, 9, 12, 14, 16, 23, 3640, 45, 5354, 58, 62, 6668, 71, 75, 77, 80, 91, 108, 132, 142143, 145, 163, 165, 172, 176, 179, 181, 183, 190, 194, 202, 216, 243, 258, 279, 294, 311

Cathedral radio 165

Catholicism 46, 58, 92, 9596, 98100, 105, 108114, 116119, 122125, 152153, 171, 176, 178179, 181182, 195, 227, 233, 242, 266, 280, 286, 288289, 291292, 318, 325, 331, 338

Cervantes, Miguel de (1547–1616) 167

Chagall, Marc (1887–1985) 106, 285

Chambord, Henri de (1820–1883) 14, 250

Chambord missal 14, 250

“Chapel at Mountain State Mental Hospital, The” 124125, 292

Chaplin, Charlie (1889–1977) 9294, 175, 279

characters 7, 13, 21, 36, 44, 54, 56, 58, 65, 68, 71, 80, 82, 8687, 89, 9394, 99100, 108, 110, 115, 124, 127, 145, 151152, 158, 171, 173, 175, 181, 183, 185, 189, 195, 199, 208209, 212, 217, 224227, 230, 232233, 238, 245, 249, 265, 278, 286, 300, 303304, 308309, 312, 315, 317, 324, 326, 329

Charles X of France (1757–1836; ruled 1824–1830) 250

Chartres 62, 132, 163, 294, 305

Chaucer, Geoffrey (c.1343–1400) 208, 328

Chesterton, Gilbert Keith (1874–1936) 98, 111113, 116, 281, 287289

Chicago 5, 59, 64, 178, 266, 277, 286, 322

children 8, 38, 4445, 53, 5859, 73, 82, 8687, 89, 98100, 102104, 113115, 118120, 123, 125, 150153, 157, 159160, 163, 166, 177, 179, 181, 183185, 188, 190191, 193, 195200, 204205, 207211, 213, 216217, 219222, 224, 226230, 233235, 237241, 243, 245246, 248, 265, 285, 290291, 295297, 299300, 306, 310, 314, 316318, 322, 324326, 328, 330331, 333, 338342

childlike 8, 12, 38, 61, 113, 171, 193, 196, 237, 246, 248, 267, 341

children’s literature 8, 44, 99, 151152, 177, 190191, 193, 195197, 204205, 209, 216, 220, 227, 229, 234, 237238, 240, 243, 245, 248, 265, 322, 333, 340

Chile, Chilean 199200, 208, 324325

China, Chinese 66, 240

Chrétien de Troyes (1130–1191) 33, 256

Christianity, Christian 8, 19, 44, 6667, 72, 89, 95106, 109, 112115, 126128, 142, 150, 152, 176, 181, 184, 191192, 195, 216, 221, 224226, 234, 283284, 287, 295, 299, 314, 316, 320, 336, 340, 343

Christian, Sheldon (1907–1997) 155156, 279

Christmas 46, 5355, 68, 7576, 80, 89, 99, 104, 116, 120, 122, 124, 127129, 131147, 149158, 160161, 163, 168174, 176184, 188192, 197198, 201202, 208, 210, 216217, 230, 241243, 263, 273, 281, 293302, 304311, 313315, 317320, 322, 329330, 334335, 338, 340343. See also Yule, Yuletide

cards 132143, 153, 157158, 160, 163, 294297, 302, 305. See also holiday cards

Christmas Eve 46, 76, 80, 142, 150, 154, 157, 177, 190, 210, 296

Christmastide 137138, 152154, 169, 180, 186, 295, 297, 299300, 307

Church, the 46, 64, 6869, 77, 96, 98, 104, 111113, 119, 124, 142, 178, 227, 240, 271, 281, 294, 331, 342343

Cinderella 226

cinema 30, 6567, 69, 91, 180, 213, 269, 271

Cistercian 13, 41, 71, 77, 96, 104, 128, 207

Clairvaux 145, 207, 217, 297

Clapsaddle, Ellen Hattie (1865–1934) 153

Claude-Lafontaine, Lucien Félix (1840–1909) 23

Clown of God, The 238, 240243, 306, 341

Coelho, Paulo (b. 1947) 319

Cohen, Leonard (1934–2016) 100, 281

Colby, John K. 327

Cold War 213

Colorado 62, 64, 268

Columbia Records 8990

commercial 13, 50, 63, 94, 139, 154, 158, 168, 172, 182, 186, 252, 261, 310

commercialism 127

composer 18, 20, 59, 83, 86, 95, 125, 146, 182183, 186, 188, 254, 262, 273, 276, 298, 307, 310, 313, 316317

Constable, John (1776–1837) 37, 257

Constant, Jean-Joseph Benjamin (1845–1902) 254

Cooke, Alistair (1908–2004) 9293, 279

Cooney, Barbara (1917–2000) 99, 177, 208209, 240, 300, 325, 328330, 343

Copeland & Day 83, 275

Craven, Thomas 333

Crawford, Joan (1905–1977) 317

Crosby, Harry Lillis “Bing” (1903–1977) 169, 307, 317318

Czech 219, 318

Daldini, Elena Wullschleger 219, 334

Dallas 106, 160

dance 7, 20, 73, 75, 82, 102, 104106, 108109, 125, 151, 161, 163, 172173, 189190, 199, 222, 232, 239, 243, 285, 293, 298, 303, 305, 312, 319, 322, 324, 343

Dante Alighieri (ca. 1265–1321) 251, 277

Daphne 226

David, King 105

Davidson, John (1857–1909) 8283, 275

Davis, Katherine Kennicott (1892–1980) 188, 318

Delilah 226

Denmark, Danish 262, 306, 335

Dennen, Barry (1938–2017) 314

dePaola, Tomie (b. 1934 Thomas Anthony de Paola) 181, 208, 238243, 325, 330, 341342

Deposition, the 99, 128

De Roubaix, François (1939–1975) 333

De Vescovi, Laura. See Battaglia, Laura

Devriès, David (1881–1936) 278

Dickens, Charles (1812–1870) 144, 297

A Christmas Carol 144, 297, 299

Didron, Adolphe Napoléon (1806–1867) 38, 258

Disney, Walt (1901–1966) 116, 179, 195, 289, 317

Dobson, (Henry) Austin (1840–1921) 38, 258

Dominican 179, 314

Downing, Andrew Jackson (1815–1852) 141, 296

drama 5, 18, 71, 83, 8689, 100, 106, 161162, 172, 174176, 183185, 230, 274, 277, 305, 312

poetic drama 174, 312

Dresden 6, 273

Duboc, Charles Edouard (1822–1910) (Robert Waldmüller) 67, 247

Duffy, Bernard (1882–1952) 119120, 291

Dumas fils, Alexandre (1824–1895) 300

Duncan, Ronald (1914–1982) 174177, 312313

Dutch 10, 135, 248, 334

Earth 186, 318

Easter 35, 75, 127128, 155, 293, 307

Eastern 64, 100, 103104, 285, 292, 333

Eastlake, Charles Locke (1836–1906) 141, 296

ecumenical 212

ecumenism 127

Edison, Thomas (1847–1931) 7071, 278, 311, 317

Egypt, Egyptian 16, 19, 25, 255

Ehrlich, Ida Lublenski (1886–1986) 99, 281, 283

Eliezer, Yisrael ben. See Besht

Eliot, T.S. (1888–1965) 113, 174, 288, 312

Elkin, Stanley (1930–1995) 108, 286

England, English 1011, 1516, 3839, 5051, 5354, 58, 61, 65, 6768, 72, 75, 80, 92, 100, 110114, 120, 127, 129, 132, 136, 141142, 145, 154, 156, 158, 162, 165, 175, 177178, 180, 190, 193, 195, 197198, 202, 216, 219221, 224, 226227, 231, 239, 252, 254255, 258259, 261263, 266267, 273, 275, 278, 282, 289, 292, 295296, 299300, 303, 307, 310311, 313315, 321, 326, 328, 330331, 333338, 343

Old English 136, 243, 295, 343

entertainment, entertainer 5, 7, 12, 26, 31, 59, 63, 6566, 82, 86, 91, 93, 97, 99, 107, 109, 112, 118, 120, 123, 127, 141, 145, 150, 157, 161, 165166, 172173, 176, 179180, 188, 195, 198, 207, 209, 213, 222, 226, 239240, 243, 245, 270, 275, 293, 296, 306, 325, 339

Eucharist 227, 241

Europe, European 56, 11, 13, 59, 72, 75, 100, 102104, 116, 150, 156, 162, 177, 193, 195, 200, 213, 231, 237, 243, 249, 256, 273, 277, 283284, 304, 308, 331, 336

Evans, Katherine (1899–1964) 186187, 210, 234235, 316, 325, 340

Everard of Gateley (second half of thirteenth century) 83

Faculty Club, The 161163, 304305

fantasy 43, 67, 91, 129, 163, 165, 195, 227, 270, 305, 333

fascist 227, 337

Fátima 124, 310

Ferroud, François 1920, 3236, 4144, 59, 181, 252254, 256, 259, 265

Février, Henry (1875–1957) 87

film 63, 6567, 69, 71, 80, 83, 85, 89, 91, 93, 114, 116, 151, 161, 172, 174, 179, 213, 227, 230, 234, 270, 274, 276, 279, 289290, 304, 314315, 333, 337338

film, silent 36, 65, 6970, 80, 83, 91, 9394, 270271, 279

Finck, Henry T. (1854–1926) 95, 280

Flameng, François (1856–1923) 18

Flaubert, Gustave (1821–1880) 2023, 3435, 40, 171, 254, 256

folktale 102, 177, 200, 204, 213, 229235, 237238, 240, 243245, 325, 330, 339, 343

Ford, “Tennessee” Ernie (1919–1991) 298, 308, 317

Forzano, Giovacchino (1884–1970) 277

Fourdrain, Félix (1880–1923) 271

Fournier, Louis Édouard (1857–1917) 20, 253

Fraenger, Wilhelm (1890–1964) 810, 248249

France, Anatole (1844–1924) 56, 12, 15, 1820, 3236, 4144, 46, 5051, 5859, 6162, 72, 75, 83, 87, 9399, 104106, 114, 117118, 120, 128, 147148, 151, 154155, 157159, 161, 163, 167, 169, 171172, 175176, 180182, 190, 193, 195197, 204, 207, 209, 213, 216, 219, 222, 224227, 229, 233234, 237, 239240, 242, 250, 252, 256, 259, 261, 265267, 273, 280, 284, 290, 293, 297298, 300302, 304308, 314315, 321322, 331

France, French 516, 1821, 23, 26, 29, 31, 33, 35, 3739, 4346, 5156, 5862, 65, 69, 7172, 75, 8384, 87, 89, 9192, 9598, 100, 104105, 107110, 112, 114, 117118, 120, 124, 128, 132, 146, 149, 151, 154155, 158, 163, 166, 168, 170171, 173175, 177179, 181, 185, 190, 192193, 195, 197199, 202, 205208, 213, 216217, 219220, 222, 224227, 229, 231237, 240, 243246, 248257, 259267, 269273, 276278, 284, 286287, 297302, 305306, 310, 312315, 319, 321326, 328336, 338343

French-language 56, 59, 5962, 202, 240, 266, 266269, 331

medieval French 8, 10, 18, 52, 54, 58, 72, 92, 97, 104, 120, 128, 166, 168, 175, 185, 208, 229, 231, 233, 240, 246, 248, 265, 287, 297, 305, 324, 328

Old French 11, 37, 58, 83, 202, 205, 248, 255, 261263, 326

Franciscan 87, 112, 227, 241, 318

Francis of Assisi (1181–1226) 65, 94, 112113, 238, 240241, 288

Franco-Prussian War 6, 18, 207, 237

Fremstad, Olive (1871–1951) 8990

French, Daniel Chester (1850–1931) 304

Friedwagner, Matthias (1861–1940) 248

Gae, Nadine (1917–2012) 173, 312

Gallet, Louis (1835–1898) 270

Garden, Mary (1874–1967) 5, 59, 64, 8991, 104, 172173, 178, 183, 230, 266, 278, 310, 324

Gaukler der Jungfrau Maria, Der 223, 335, 343

Gautier de Coinci (1177–1236)

Miracles of Our Lady 8, 72, 229, 272

Gautier, Théophile (1811–1872) 8, 45, 5657, 72, 83, 225, 227, 229, 248, 259, 264265, 270, 272, 276277, 283, 298, 333

Geddes, Norman-Bel [Norman Melancton Bel] (1893–1958) 67, 75, 270, 273

Genevoix, Maurice (1890–1980) 333

Germany, German 510, 54, 65, 7273, 75, 77, 8082, 9192, 104, 113, 132, 158, 217, 219, 221222, 231, 233, 236, 247248, 262, 269, 272275, 279, 294295, 304, 309, 334, 336, 338

German-language 72

Gide, André (1869–1951) 284

gifts 73, 93, 107, 120, 127, 140, 145146, 150154, 156157, 160, 179180, 183, 185189, 208, 240, 300, 309, 311, 319, 322

gift-giving 73, 150151, 153, 183, 188, 322

Gilded Age 11, 99, 136

Gillot, Charles (1853–1903) 252

Giotto di Bondone (ca. 1267–1337) 240

Glass, Everett (1891–1966) 161162, 304

Glomeau, Marie-Anne 2526, 255

God 53, 70, 98, 101103, 105106, 108, 110, 112113, 115, 117119, 123126, 144, 150151, 154, 183, 187188, 211, 217, 238, 240243, 272, 281, 283285, 288, 290291, 296, 300, 302303, 306, 315, 341

Golden Age 5, 248, 270, 343

Goodyear 171, 309

Gospel 99, 111, 184, 316

Gothic 6, 10, 1415, 1819, 21, 31, 3640, 4546, 50, 53, 58, 62, 64, 6667, 69, 75, 77, 80, 99, 111, 114, 128129, 134136, 139, 141143, 163, 165, 178, 181, 190, 193, 202, 231232, 252254, 256257, 260, 270, 273, 293, 296

Global Gothic 114

Gourmont, Remy de (1858–1915) 15, 251

Grasset, Eugène [Samuel] (1841–1917) 1617, 251252, 273, 286

Great Depression, the 94, 155, 306

Greece, Greek 66, 95, 216, 226, 253, 271, 289, 294295

Griffith, Andy (1926–2012) 171

Grimm, Brothers 231, 341

Grünewald, Matthias (ca. 1470–1528) 248

Guare, John (b. 1938) 182, 315

Guilbert, Yvette (1865–1944) 38, 82, 258, 275

Guipon, Leon (1872–1910) 147150, 298299

Guitry, Alexandre-Pierre Georges (Sacha) (1885–1957) 197, 322

Gumppenberg, Wilhelm (1609–1675) 221, 335

Gutkind, Curt (also Kurt) Sigmar (1896–1942) 8, 10, 104

Hackett, Walter C. (ca. 1876–1944) 308

Hammerstein, Oscar, I (1847–1919) 5, 64, 230, 269

handwriting, handwritten media 11, 15, 18, 3738, 49, 234, 261, 263, 322

Harlow, Robert (b. 1923) 98, 280281

Hart, Moss (1904–1961) 308

Hasidism, Hasidic 100101, 103104, 106, 282284

Hayes, Helen (1900–1993) 316317

Hayes, Joe (b. 1945) 210, 299300, 330

Heaven 53, 103, 122, 128, 222, 282, 310

Hebrew 95, 100103, 281284, 286

Heinlein, Robert Anson (1907–1988) 226, 337

heritage 63, 193, 236, 290

Herodias 104, 285

Heugel, Henri Georges (1844–1916) 146147, 181, 298, 303

Higgins, Violet Moore (1886–1967) 151, 185, 197199, 299, 322325, 338

Hohlwein, Ludwig (1874–1949) 8081, 275

holiday books 154, 154158, 156, 156160, 300, 300304

holiday cards 132, 137, 295. See also Christmas cards

Hollywood 92, 115, 179, 308

Holy Scripture 152, 190

Hubert, André (1911–2009) 57, 265

Hugh Farsit (d. 1186) 83

Hugo, Victor Marie (1802–1885) 7, 19, 39, 62, 72, 87, 247, 272

Notre-Dame de Paris 19, 39, 62, 75, 87

Humperdinck, Engelbert (1854–1921) 80, 273274

Hungary, Hungarian 10, 146, 298, 306, 337, 339

Hunter, Blanche C. 249

Illica, Luigi (1857–1919) 277

illumination, illuminations 12, 15, 37, 44, 67, 77, 80, 87, 129, 139, 208, 250251, 260, 263, 296

illustration 11, 15, 1922, 29, 31, 33, 3538, 43, 46, 50, 55, 61, 99, 127, 137, 147, 149, 151, 156158, 166168, 190, 193, 195, 202, 208, 212, 219, 222, 231232, 242, 245, 252256, 260261, 276, 298299, 301302, 305, 307, 314, 325326, 328, 334, 336, 339, 342

image 67, 10, 12, 15, 19, 21, 31, 37, 3940, 50, 62, 66, 73, 75, 80, 83, 8788, 93, 99, 115116, 139, 149, 163, 175176, 178179, 200, 205, 210211, 213, 220, 223, 227228, 230, 234, 242243, 251252, 257, 273274, 322, 343

Immaculate Conception 206, 327

Index of Forbidden Books 96, 280

Inniskeen 123, 291

Ireland, Irish 119120, 122124, 292, 338

Irving, Washington (1783–1859) 54

Rip Van Winkle 54

Italy, Italian 10, 38, 57, 61, 66, 75, 8687, 97, 104, 112, 114, 177, 181, 186, 214219, 224225, 240, 243, 277, 283, 289, 304, 310, 314, 318, 325, 330, 333334, 338, 341, 343

Jabotinsky, Vladimir “Ze’ev” (1880–1940) 105, 285

Jacob the Juggler 217219, 334

Jacobus de Voragine (ca. 1230–1298) 2526, 29, 68, 255256

Japan, Japanese 16, 115, 163, 229, 259, 262, 289, 330, 334, 338

Jarry, Alfred (1873–1907) 15, 251

Jaufré Rudel. See Rudel, Jaufré (fl. 1130–1170)

jester 50, 137140, 180, 200, 221222, 231232, 288, 295, 303, 315

Jesuit 221, 233, 306

Jesus Christ 29, 65, 73, 9798, 109, 114115, 128, 145, 149153, 159160, 170, 179181, 184187, 189190, 203, 208, 210, 212, 217, 227229, 235, 242243, 275, 293, 295, 297298, 318, 322, 325, 327, 342

Christocentric 127, 152, 176

Joan of Arc (1412–1431) 40, 6162, 65, 269

Johnson, Robert Underwood (1853–1937) 304

Johnson, Samuel (1709–1784) 136, 295

John the Baptist 77, 104

jongleur 5, 7, 1115, 18, 20, 2628, 3138, 4143, 51, 5556, 5859, 61, 6465, 72, 75, 80, 82, 8687, 9193, 96, 98, 100, 103108, 110114, 117119, 124, 126, 145147, 150152, 154, 157159, 161, 163, 166, 168, 172, 174175, 178179, 181, 183, 186, 191, 193, 195197, 202, 208, 213, 216217, 219, 225226, 229230, 232, 241, 246, 252, 255256, 269, 277278, 284285, 288, 302, 305306, 314, 328, 331, 333, 335, 339

of God 113, 241

of Notre Dame 107, 179, 208

joy 44, 55, 171, 192, 222

Judaism, Jewish 99109, 114, 281283, 285286, 289, 314

juggler, juggling 13, 31, 35, 4143, 4546, 5051, 55, 58, 60, 6263, 8889, 9193, 95100, 106107, 111112, 114120, 122, 125126, 128, 143146, 151153, 155160, 163, 166167, 171173, 179183, 185186, 188, 191, 193196, 198203, 205, 207210, 212213, 216220, 222224, 228231, 233, 240, 243, 245, 266, 285, 287288, 290, 297, 301, 303, 306307, 309, 311, 315, 322, 324331, 342

Juilliard School 163, 304

Julian the Hospitaller 2021, 35, 253, 256

Kahoe, Walter (1905–1978) 155, 300301

Kathakali 106, 285

Kaufman, George S. (1889–1961) 308

Kavanagh, Patrick (1904–1967) 119, 122124, 291292

Kay, William F. M. (1891–1983) 157, 301

Keeshan, Bob (1927–2004) 317

Keller, Gottfried (1819–1890) 72, 273

Kemp-Welch, Alice (1856?-1944) 11, 104, 195, 249, 284

Kennedy, John F. (1917–1963; U.S. President 1961–1963) 106, 286

Kilmer, Joyce (1886–1918) 119, 291

kinescope 174, 311, 314

knight 3031, 73, 149

Korea, Korean 330, 334

Labouré, Catherine (1806–1876) 205207, 326327

Lagerlöf, Selma (1858–1940) 301

Lalau, Maurice Georges (1881–1961) 3336, 4043, 254, 256, 259, 265

Lanson, Gustave (1857–1934) 84, 276

Lanz, Robert (1896–1965) 4647

Lasquin, Christiane (1929–1988) 178, 314

Latin 15, 20, 33, 37, 54, 72, 75, 8384, 88, 9798, 112, 114, 162, 165166, 189, 192, 195196, 207, 221, 228, 234, 245, 253, 255, 257258, 262, 272, 274, 281, 302, 304, 318, 321, 327, 335, 342

Latinisms 15

Latinists 162, 207, 327

Laurens, Jean-Paul (1838–1941) 254

Lebègue, Léon (1863–1944) 253

Lederer, Wolfgang (1912–2013) 157, 239

Lee, S. Charles (1899–1990) 91, 279

legend 8, 10, 19, 26, 43, 59, 67, 6970, 72, 75, 8384, 9293, 100104, 106, 108109, 114, 127, 146, 151, 159, 170, 179, 183184, 192193, 198, 202, 204, 207208, 216, 222, 224, 226, 230, 233234, 237, 241243, 253, 282, 284, 287288, 294295, 301, 305, 308, 310311, 313, 325, 328329, 343

Legend Film Company 91, 279

Léna, Maurice (1859–1928) 161, 168, 278, 303

Levi, Hermann (1839–1900) 104

librettos 18, 87, 161, 168, 181, 270271, 276278, 303, 306307

Life of the Fathers 8, 72

Lilliputian 201, 325

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–1865; U.S. President 1861–1865) 308

listeners 165166, 168, 170, 188, 307

Little Drummer Boy, The 151152, 188189, 302, 309, 318

Little Jester, The 220222, 335

Little Juggler of the Virgin, The 199

Little Juggler, The 99, 145, 151, 177, 181, 185, 198200, 202, 204, 208210, 234235, 297, 299, 309, 313315, 322326, 328330, 338, 340, 343

Llop, Roser Bru (b. 1923) 200, 324

Lommatzsch, Erhard (1886–1975) 8, 10, 248

Lonati, Stephano 333

London 37, 50, 7576, 80, 174

Lourdes 124, 310

Luciani, Albino (1912–1978; Pope John Paul I, 1978) 97, 280

Lufkin, Adeline (1900–1978) 301

Lufkin, Raymond (1897–1978) 156, 301

Lustiger, Jean-Marie (1926–2007; archbishop of Paris 1981–2005, cardinal 1983–2007) 108109, 286

lyric drama 87, 277

lyric hymn 187

lyric legend 83

lyric opera 183, 185, 316

lyric poetry 123125, 154

Macaulay, David (b. 1946) 195

MacMahon, James Joseph, Dean (1819–1884) 119120

Madonna 7, 33, 35, 37, 40, 50, 62, 69, 7173, 75, 77, 7980, 8687, 92, 94, 99, 105, 115, 117, 120, 124, 146, 156, 159, 166167, 176, 179180, 194, 199, 203, 205, 208, 210, 212, 214216, 219222, 229, 235, 242243, 260, 280, 312, 322, 329, 333, 335

Madonna and Child 33, 37, 40, 62, 159, 205, 242

Madrid 200, 319, 325

Maeterlinck, Maurice (1862–1949) 71, 7375, 7778, 8283, 87, 163, 305

Magi 150, 170, 183184, 187, 217, 316

Malassis, Edmond (1874–1944) 253

Malteste, Henri (Malatesta) (1870–1920) 1929, 3133, 252255, 265

Manet, Édouard (1832–1883) 62

Manhattan Opera Company 64, 269

Manhattan Opera House 64, 269

manuscripts 6, 1015, 1820, 23, 3638, 40, 4447, 49, 52, 84, 136, 156, 201, 208, 220, 229, 240, 243, 246, 249, 252, 254255, 259261, 263, 283, 296, 298, 315, 330

Marcelin, Émile (1885–1947) 278

Maréchal, Adolphe (1867–1935) 278

Markham, Charles Edward Anson “Edwin” (1852–1940) 147148, 150, 198, 324

Marmier, Henri Alphonse André (1894–1982) 5758, 264266

Martin of Tours (316–397) 62, 260

Marxism 210

Mary 78, 12, 19, 2526, 29, 33, 36, 44, 46, 48, 58, 6869, 7273, 75, 77, 80, 83, 8687, 96100, 108109, 112, 118, 123, 125, 128, 144, 146, 150, 152153, 156, 162163, 171, 174, 176, 179181, 188189, 203, 205207, 212213, 217, 219221, 224225, 228, 235, 242, 255, 260, 271, 273274, 281, 300, 312, 317, 325, 327, 337, 342

Holy Mother 98, 108, 307

Marian 8, 7172, 75, 8283, 8687, 97, 105, 125, 145, 167, 171, 207, 221, 225, 242, 335

Marianism 14, 46, 176, 227, 235

Mariocentric 46

Mariolatry 220

Mariophany 96

Mary Magdalene 26, 29

Mason, Eugene 123, 142, 156

Massenet, Jules-Émile-Frédéric (1842–1912) 56, 18, 20, 25, 3738, 59, 6264, 83, 8689, 9495, 99, 105106, 114, 118, 124, 146147, 151, 161, 163, 168, 171, 175, 181182, 185, 190, 193, 204, 207, 225, 227, 230, 233234, 254, 257, 266, 269, 277278, 280, 298, 303, 324

Grisélidis 18, 83

Le jongleur de Notre Dame 12, 15, 18, 20, 31, 35, 3738, 43, 5556, 59, 61, 6465, 72, 80, 86, 91, 96, 103104, 106, 114, 118, 145146, 157, 168, 172, 175, 178, 186, 193, 195196, 213, 229, 256, 269, 277, 284, 305306

Louise 64, 168

Pelléas 64

Salomé 64, 269, 285

Thaïs 1920, 64, 89

Maupassant, Guy de (1850–1893) 333

Maurice de Sully (d. 1196) 53, 262263

Maurois, André (1885–1967) 62

Mauss, Marcel (1872–1950) 151, 299

Maybeck, Bernard (1862–1957) 162164, 304305

Maybeckian 163

McCabe, Thomas J. 156, 301, 311

McLuhan, Marshall (1911–1980) 87

medieval 516, 18, 2023, 2526, 29, 33, 3738, 40, 4446, 5156, 5859, 6163, 6569, 72, 75, 80, 8384, 8689, 9293, 9599, 101, 103109, 113114, 116, 118120, 123124, 128, 130132, 135137, 139141, 145, 150153, 156, 158, 161, 163, 165168, 170, 172173, 175179, 183, 185, 189191, 193, 195, 200202, 207213, 217, 219220, 222, 225235, 237240, 242, 245246, 248252, 254256, 259, 262263, 265266, 269, 272273, 275, 277, 283, 287, 292, 294297, 301, 305, 308, 310, 313, 315, 319, 324, 328, 330, 337339, 341343

medieval literature 58

medievalesque 6, 9, 1112, 1416, 1820, 30, 33, 40, 43, 53, 55, 83, 109, 113, 130, 133, 136, 142, 156, 163, 195, 220, 259, 294

medievalism 6, 14, 16, 18, 38, 54, 57, 67, 80, 112, 136, 163, 208, 257, 270, 272, 287289, 293, 310

medievalization 145

medievalizer 12

Melville, Herman (1819–1891) 333

Mencken, Henry Louis (1880–1956) 8889, 278

Mendoza, Iñigo de (ca. 1425-ca. 1507) 318319

Mendoza, Íñigo López de (1398–1458) 318

Menotti, Gian Carlo (1911–2007) 183185, 316

Messager, André (1853–1929) 276

Metcalf, Henriette (1880–1955) 300

Metropolitan Opera House 6465, 269

Metternich, Tatiana von (1915–2006) 222223, 243, 335336, 343

Mexico, Mexican 189, 195196, 321, 338

Meyerhold, Vsevolod Emilevich (1874–1940) 77, 274

Middle Ages 57, 1012, 1416, 1819, 2526, 33, 3638, 4446, 54, 56, 58, 6263, 6667, 7172, 75, 8384, 87, 89, 91, 94, 9698, 103, 105, 107, 112, 114, 117119, 123124, 129133, 136137, 139, 141142, 148149, 151, 161, 166167, 172, 175, 179, 183184, 191, 195, 199, 207208, 212213, 217, 220, 222, 225227, 234235, 237238, 244245, 249250, 252, 266, 269, 272273, 278, 288289, 291, 293294, 298, 300301, 304, 310, 312, 318, 330, 341343

miniatures 1112, 1415, 20, 33, 38, 45, 84, 103, 151, 201202, 243, 250251, 263

minstrel 26, 33, 36, 54, 56, 59, 82, 87, 105106, 110, 118, 196, 303, 321, 330

miracle 7, 12, 14, 25, 31, 36, 46, 5859, 65, 67, 69, 7173, 75, 80, 8284, 86, 91, 9697, 102, 104105, 112, 124, 145, 153, 161, 170173, 175176, 178179, 181, 188, 197, 199, 205206, 210, 212213, 217220, 222, 225, 227, 233, 240, 242243, 245, 256, 269, 272, 276, 292, 303, 310312, 321, 329, 333, 336

Mirande, Jacqueline (b. 1925) 336

missals 14, 3738, 250, 257258, 260

modernism 6, 46, 84, 106, 113, 247

modernity 18, 80, 84, 129, 225

Monaco 5, 278

Monte Carlo 83, 89

Mont Saint Michel and Chartres. See Adams, Henry Brooks (1838–1918)

Moore, Georgianna (1927–2002) 151, 185, 197199, 299, 309, 323

Morf, Heinrich (1854–1921) 8, 248

Morlhon, Camille de (1869–1952) 271

Morris, William (1834–1896) 5, 12, 16, 247, 273, 313

Mosher, Thomas Bird (1852–1923) 156

Mossa, Gustave-Adolphe (1883–1971) 4344, 259

Mother of God 7, 31, 36, 46, 7273, 75, 83, 8687, 96, 100, 122, 151152, 176, 179, 205, 220221, 243, 327

Mucha, Alphonse (Alfons, 1860–1939) 146, 298

Munich 91, 275, 279

music 18, 63, 73, 75, 80, 8283, 87, 91, 99, 101, 109, 131, 146, 162163, 165, 171, 174175, 177, 183, 188189, 239, 258, 262, 269, 271, 273, 281, 292, 298, 303, 305, 307, 309, 313314, 317318, 333, 335, 340341

musical 5, 18, 37, 64, 83, 86, 8889, 100101, 131, 140, 161, 163, 168, 172, 183185, 187, 195, 230, 234, 263, 293, 305306, 316

naïve 84, 199, 277, 321, 324

narrative 5, 8, 11, 23, 35, 43, 46, 5253, 5859, 61, 67, 70, 75, 83, 87, 93, 95, 97106, 109, 114115, 117120, 128, 144, 146, 150157, 161, 163, 166, 168169, 171172, 174175, 179183, 187189, 191193, 195198, 204205, 208211, 213, 217, 221222, 224235, 237240, 243, 245246, 270, 297, 300, 318, 325326, 329330, 336

National Football League 106, 286

Nativity 54, 99, 127128, 152, 180, 184, 187, 189, 191, 311, 315, 318319

Nazi 8, 236

Nègre, Mireille (b. 1943) 108, 286

Nesbitt, John Booth (1910–1960) 151, 170171, 230, 307309

New Medieval Library 11

Of the Tumbler of Our Lady and Other Miracles 11, 284

New Mexico 190, 319

New Testament 95, 145, 297

New Typography 158

New World 64, 161, 200, 230

New York 49, 64, 67, 75, 86, 129, 132, 163, 230, 277

New York Giants 106107, 285

Noailles, Anna de (1876–1933) 197, 322

Nobel Prize 71, 96, 255

Nobel prizewinner 6, 58, 62

Nodier, Charles (1780–1844) 3031, 7273, 83, 272

Noel 75, 129, 142, 144, 150, 154155, 163, 172, 179, 198199, 216217, 257, 297, 299, 309, 315, 322, 334, 342

North America 5, 59, 64, 156157, 184, 190, 231, 292, 296

nostalgia 13, 36, 132, 163

Notre Dame, University of 109, 287

novel 19, 5658, 62, 6768, 98, 105, 108, 119, 141, 165, 172, 177, 212213, 216, 226227, 235, 264, 270, 303, 314, 331, 333

Nucelly, Louis (b. 1883) 278

Oldham, Arthur William (1926–2003) 313

Olofsson (Heshmat Pasand), Helena (b. 1957) 220222, 335

Onorati, Henry 318

opera 18, 25, 38, 62, 64, 69, 71, 83, 8687, 89, 99, 106, 124, 146, 161, 168, 171172, 175, 178, 181, 183185, 190, 193, 230, 233, 266, 268271, 277, 290, 298, 303, 307, 312, 316, 324, 340

Orient 104, 333

O’Sheel, Shaemus (1886–1954) 119, 291

Our Lady’s Tumbler 5, 78, 1012, 14, 46, 4852, 54, 5758, 61, 72, 8384, 87, 91, 93100, 104106, 112114, 119120, 123128, 144146, 154156, 164, 166167, 171, 174178, 183, 185191, 193, 195196, 213, 217, 222, 225226, 229, 231, 233, 237, 239, 243246, 261, 265, 279, 284285, 288, 291, 293, 305, 310, 312315, 322, 324, 328

pantomime 75, 77, 80, 82, 273274

Paris, Gaston (1839–1903) 5, 8, 12, 20, 33, 58, 61, 75, 95, 207, 230, 236237, 248, 250, 284

Paris, Parisian 6, 9, 1617, 19, 31, 39, 46, 5354, 62, 75, 87, 89, 108, 132, 146, 172, 195, 199, 202, 206207, 250255, 263264, 272, 298, 302303, 311

Old Paris 6, 132

Parrish, Maxfield (1870–1966) 149, 299

Paulines, the 114, 116, 289

Paulist Brothers 179, 289

Paulist Order 179

Paul, Saint 145

Peretz, I. L. (1852–1915) 101102, 283

Pétain, Philippe (1856–1951) 236

Pétainism 236

Philadelphia 6465, 129133, 140, 143, 293294, 296, 301, 330

Philadelphia Opera House 64

Philippines, Philippine 229, 338

philology 5, 8, 18, 33, 72, 120, 227, 231, 248

Pickersgill, Mary Gertrude 174, 312

piety 82, 96, 118, 145, 224, 241

Pissarro, Esther (1870–1951) 254

Pissarro, Lucien (1863–1944) 254

Poe, Edgar Allan (1809–1849) 333

poem, poetry 58, 10, 14, 38, 46, 5152, 54, 83, 88, 9293, 9597, 104, 106, 112114, 120, 122126, 128, 139, 145, 147, 151, 153, 157158, 166, 175, 183, 185, 189, 191, 197198, 207208, 217, 219, 229, 231, 233234, 240, 244, 246247, 258, 262, 265, 272, 276, 291292, 295297, 299, 301, 313, 318, 321, 324, 328, 330

poet 38, 59, 72, 82, 89, 97, 100, 112114, 119, 123125, 145, 151, 174, 200, 225226, 229231, 291292, 325, 328

Poland, Polish 101, 108, 286

Polyphemus 226

popularity 11, 39, 163, 182, 230, 243, 330

Poquet, Alexandre-Eusèbe (1808–1897) 8

postcard 6465, 74, 78, 129130, 139, 142, 162, 206, 244, 294

postwar 171, 174, 236237, 312313

Pound, Ezra (1885–1972) 174

Pourrat, Henri (1887–1959) 211, 235237, 245, 330, 340341, 343

Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood 12, 16, 250

Previn, André (b. 1929) 317

print media 6, 1011, 13, 15, 1821, 3738, 45, 4952, 55, 5759, 63, 69, 80, 83, 87, 89, 93, 103, 109, 113, 125, 132, 146, 154157, 161, 169, 171, 180181, 190, 200, 207, 209, 213, 224, 226, 230, 234235, 240, 245, 247, 252254, 257, 259, 261265, 271272, 275, 278279, 300303, 308309, 311, 315, 318, 321, 324327, 329, 331, 334, 340

Procter, Adelaide Anne (1825–1864) 72, 272

prose 5, 8, 5152, 62, 83, 104, 114, 169, 177, 195, 233, 265, 289, 312, 325, 336

Protestantism, Protestants 92, 95, 98100, 114, 152153, 161, 178, 280, 289, 300, 304

Prudhomme, Sully [René François Armand] (1839–1907) 254256

pseudomanuscripts 1113, 249251

pseudomedieval 55, 129, 132, 222

publication 6, 10, 15, 21, 25, 49, 56, 83, 109110, 124125, 142, 152, 197, 200, 202203, 223, 233, 235236, 240, 252, 259, 261, 264, 282, 287, 289, 296, 299, 303, 322

Puccini, Giacomo (1858–1924) 8687, 277

Pugin, Augustus Welby Northmore (1812–1852) 16

Pyle, Howard (1853–1911) 149, 299

radio 63, 70, 89, 108, 125, 158, 165166, 168173, 177, 186, 188, 204, 208, 230, 233234, 239, 245, 262, 306309, 311, 314, 316, 318, 329

plays 63, 233, 314

Ray, Ted (stagename for Charles Olden) (1905–1977) 177, 314

readers 12, 22, 5455, 59, 95, 105, 109, 117118, 124, 139, 144, 179, 195, 198, 200, 213, 224226, 229, 242, 246, 263, 265, 289, 302

reception 56, 18, 54, 57, 104105, 142, 146, 174, 208, 229, 328

records 22, 97, 169, 171172, 230, 234, 241, 264, 273, 309, 311

Reims 810, 132, 294

Reinhardt, Max (1873–1943) 7677, 8081, 84, 273274

religious, religion 23, 46, 55, 6667, 73, 82, 84, 87, 91, 9597, 99101, 103, 105108, 111, 115, 117118, 123, 125126, 144, 152, 175, 178179, 182, 190191, 207, 223224, 227228, 253, 270, 289, 308, 312, 314, 318319, 322, 331

Remacle, Adrien (1849–1916) 146, 298

Rémont, Pierre 333

Renaissance 66, 80, 87, 240, 242, 248249, 337

revival, revivalist 6, 15, 18, 22, 25, 36, 39, 46, 62, 66, 84, 135136, 141, 143, 251, 313

Rhineland 97, 102, 283

Rhodes, Michael Ray (b. 1945) 289, 314

ritual 58, 66, 93, 96, 101, 112, 189, 243, 343

Robida, Albert (1848–1926) 6, 132

Robin Hood 84, 149, 277

Rochefort, Jean 333

Rochegrosse, Georges-Antoine (1859–1938) 181, 247

Rockwell, Norman (1874–1978) 180, 315

Rodin, Auguste (1840–1917) 6

The Cathedral 6, 273

Rogers, William Showell (1855–1899) 145, 297298

Romance 8, 54, 57, 72, 120, 195, 248249, 256, 264, 270271, 296, 330

Romanesque 68, 193, 219

Romania 197, 262

Romanticism 6

Rome, Roman 66, 77, 114115, 173, 176, 270, 289, 324

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882–1945; U.S. President 1933–1945) 166, 306

Rosh Hashanah 101, 282

Rossetti, Christina (1830–1894) 151

Rothafel, Samuel L. “Roxy” (1882–1936) 67

Rouen 2223, 254

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712–1778) 100, 282

Rowling, Joanne (J.K.) (b. 1965) 195

Roxy Theatre 67

Rozelle, Pete (1926–1996) 106

Rudel, Jaufré (fl. 1130–1170) 58

Rudge, William Edwin (1876–1931) 154155, 300301

Ruskin, John (1819–1900) 16, 38, 258

Russia 78, 99, 105106, 124, 202, 222, 270, 292, 325, 335

Russia, Russian 77, 274, 336

Rüttgers, Severin (1876–1938) 8, 248

saint 1922, 2526, 29, 3435, 40, 43, 58, 62, 65, 6768, 77, 87, 91, 94, 112, 114, 119124, 145, 152, 195, 205, 207, 213, 216, 221, 231, 233234, 238, 240241, 249, 253256, 259260, 271272, 279, 288289, 291, 293, 303, 315, 326327, 338339, 342

Salazar Zepeda (Jors), Jorge (b. 1968) 196, 321

Salisbury Cathedral 175176

Salomé 104, 285

Saltus, Edgar Evertson (1855–1921) 100

Samson 226

Sánchez-Silva, José Maria (1911–2002) 114, 227228

San Francisco 75, 162, 164, 309, 342

Santa Claus 140, 191

Sawyer, Ruth (1880–1970) 204, 233234, 242, 329, 340

Sayers, Dorothy L. (1893–1957) 113, 289

Scandinavia, Scandinavian 8, 112, 304

school 37, 59, 95, 110, 155, 183, 188, 190191, 193, 197, 212, 224227, 239, 287, 301, 321, 327, 336, 341

Schroeder, Ray Sax (1914–1987) 312

Schwob, Mayer André Marcel (1867–1905) 196

Scopes, John T. (1900–1970) 88

Scotland, Scottish 44, 82, 97, 280, 333

Scott, Walter (1771–1832) 39, 65, 141

Lay of the Last Minstrel 65

sculpture 6, 151, 203, 243, 306

Seghers, Hercules Pieterszoon (ca. 1589–1638) 248

Seine 6, 62

Seville 243244, 343

Shakespeare, William (1564–1616) 306, 308

Hamlet 306, 308

Shannon, David (b. 1959) 100, 210, 212, 245, 281, 330

Shannon, Mark (b. 1958) 100, 210, 212, 245, 281, 330

Sherman, Alexander “Allie” (1923–2015) 106107, 285286

short story 56, 1920, 4546, 51, 54, 56, 59, 62, 71, 87, 92, 95, 117, 120, 151, 161, 170, 181, 186, 207, 216, 219, 226, 233234, 237, 240, 259, 262, 267, 306, 329, 333

Simeone, Harry (1911–2005) 318

Sister Angelica 8687, 277

Sister Beatrice 3031, 71, 74, 7778, 8284, 255, 271, 276

Smith, Charles Robinson (1855–1930) 161, 303

Society of French Miniaturists and Illuminators 15

Society of Saint Paul 114, 289

Song of Roland 61, 226

Son of God 127, 151, 281

Soulacroix, Gabriel-Valentin (1852/3–1905) 278

Souvirón, José María (1904–1973) 200, 324, 328

Spain, Spanish 10, 59, 72, 75, 115, 132, 145, 163, 166168, 189190, 195196, 199200, 208, 227, 229, 233, 241, 243244, 270, 289290, 304305, 310, 318, 321, 324325, 328, 333, 336338, 343

Spanish-language 208, 227, 337

spectators 76, 9596

Spink, Josette Eugénie 5961, 266

stained glass 16, 19, 23, 36, 38, 68, 84, 113, 163, 260, 305

statue 7, 36, 41, 69, 91, 99100, 112113, 120, 122, 145, 157, 176, 179, 181, 199, 201, 205, 211, 216, 219, 222, 227228, 243, 272, 287, 311, 325, 333, 337

Stevenson, Robert Louis (1850–1894) 280, 333

Stevens, Wallace (1879–1955) 230231, 338

Stowe, David Beecher (b. 1916) 303

Stowe, Harriet Beecher (1811–1896) 303

Stowe, Lyman Beecher (1880–1963, Harvard 1904) 303

Stowe, Robinson “Robin” Beecher (b. 1918) 303

Sutton, Irene (1904–1984) 49, 260

Sweden, Swedish 10, 220, 222, 301, 335

Switzerland, Swiss 16, 46, 68, 72, 158159, 216217, 219, 248, 302, 334

Tazewell, Charles (1900–1972) 186188, 316317, 340

Tegethoff, Ernst (1890–1955) 231233, 339

television 63, 89, 108, 116, 125, 128, 161, 170, 172173, 177180, 183, 186, 192, 204, 234, 286, 290, 304, 310312, 314, 316318, 338

Tennyson, Alfred (1809–1892) 7, 247

theater 6465, 67, 9495, 106, 145, 155, 161, 163, 174175, 177, 190, 195, 208, 270, 300301, 308, 341

amateur 161164, 303306

The Color Illuminator 15, 251, 257

The Illuminator: Art in the Family 15, 251

The Image-Maker 15, 251

Todd, Mary Fidelis 204205, 326

Tolkien, J. R. R. (1892–1973) 195

Tracy, Spencer (1900–1967) 169, 307

tradition 56, 55, 63, 72, 80, 8384, 100105, 107, 124, 132, 137138, 141, 163, 171, 175176, 178, 184, 190, 199, 204205, 224, 229230, 233234, 236238, 242, 245, 262, 264, 282284, 292, 305, 310, 314

translation 810, 12, 33, 37, 47, 4953, 6162, 104, 120, 123, 127, 146, 154, 156, 158, 170, 180, 190, 195, 207, 213, 217, 226, 230, 233, 252253, 255, 263, 267, 272273, 283, 297, 300, 303304, 307, 314, 318319, 324, 334335, 339

troubadour style 14, 58, 61, 89, 112, 250, 288, 303, 330

Tudor 134, 141142

tumbler, tumbling 5, 7, 13, 46, 49, 58, 82, 9194, 96, 104106, 108, 112, 120, 124126, 144, 151, 153, 158, 161162, 182, 189, 195, 200, 207, 217, 224, 230231, 233, 244, 260, 279, 288, 303304, 329

typeface 16, 263, 302

typewriting, typewritten text 13, 263

typography 156, 158, 239, 263, 265, 302

Ukraine 101, 105

Ulysses 226, 289

Underwood, Pierson (1899–1963) 5255, 262263

Unitarian 97, 280, 301

Universal Exposition of 1900 6, 132

Untermeyer, Louis (1885–1977) 209210, 302, 330

Vanson, Frederic (1919–1993) 128, 315

Vatican 96, 280

vaudeville 172173, 311312

vernacular 54, 59, 72, 75, 83, 97, 228

Victorian 129, 251, 272, 294

Vienna 273, 309, 336

viewer 125, 134, 141, 150, 274, 302

Vilariño, Remigio (1865–1939) 166167, 233, 306

Villard de Honnecourt (fl. ca. 1220–1240) 10

Viollet-le-Duc, Eugène Emmanuel (1814–1879) 16, 193194

Virgin and Child 14, 46, 99, 115, 153, 179, 201, 203, 219, 241243, 342

Virgin Mary 7, 1112, 14, 31, 33, 3538, 4144, 46, 5354, 5859, 65, 67, 6973, 75, 77, 8283, 86, 9394, 9697, 99100, 102, 106108, 110112, 115, 117118, 120123, 125, 127128, 146, 151153, 155157, 162163, 170171, 176, 178180, 199201, 203, 205207, 209210, 213, 217219, 222, 224225, 228229, 233, 241243, 249, 272274, 277, 285, 287, 304, 327, 329331, 339, 342343

Virgin, the 77, 87, 220, 274, 277

Holy Virgin 176, 199, 233, 339

Vloberg, Maurice (1885–1967) 46, 58

Vollmoeller , Karl (1878–1948) 75, 80, 273274

Wagner, Richard (1813–1883) 77, 89, 262

Walpole, Horace (1717–1797) 38

Wanamaker, John (1838–1922) 129133, 273, 293294

Wanamaker Building 129130

Wanamaker Grand Organ 130131, 293

Wanamaker’s Grand Depot 129

Waring, Fred (1900–1984) 172174, 186, 310312

Weil, Simone (1909–1943) 289

Weinrich, Franz Johannes (1897–1978) 91

Weiss, Paul (1901–2002) 106, 285

Welles, Orson (1915–1985) 169, 307

Western 10, 72, 102103, 237, 283284

Wheelan, Albertine Randall (1863–1954) 296297

Whitaker, Johnny (b. 1959) 316

Wicksteed, Philip Henry (1844–1927) 4750, 127128, 156, 261, 322, 324

Wilde, Oscar (1854–1900) 196, 302

Williams, Charles (1886–1945) 285, 312

Wilson, Woodrow (1856–1924; U.S. President 1913–1921) 88, 142

Windham, Joan (1904–1990) 120122, 291

Woollcott, Alexander Humphreys (1887–1943) 169, 300, 308, 378

Woolworth Building 129

World War I 6, 9, 36, 57, 77, 80, 89, 132, 197, 233, 275

World War II 52, 104, 109, 170171, 197, 236237, 239

Wyeth, N.C. (Newell Convers) (1882–1945) 299

Xmas 139140, 161, 163, 295, 304, 322

Yale 5253, 261262, 286, 303

“ye” 129, 136139, 270, 293295

Yeats, William Butler (1865–1939) 202, 326

Yiddish 101, 283

Yom Kippur 101, 103, 282

Yom Teruah 101

Young, Loretta (1913–2000) 213, 257, 290, 307, 315316, 318, 343

Yourcenar, Marguerite (1903–1987) 240, 342

Yule, Yuletide 75, 127, 138,–140, 163, 188, 191, 198, 295. See also Christmas

Yzermans, Vincent Arthur (1925–1995) 335

Zavřel, Štěpán (1932–1999) 218219, 334

Zen 106, 125, 285

Zola, Émile (1840–1902) 6768, 270271