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Index

a priori 163, 194196, 199200, 203, 242, 260

in science 65, 101, 182, 224, 227228, 230, 245246, 260, 298, 300, 336, 339. See also basic blueprint; Galilean First Thing; social imagery; world picture

sociology of 203204, 216, 227, 263

absolute knowledge/truth 2627, 4748, 50, 102, 112, 114, 118, 120, 129131, 134, 156, 159, 172175, 178, 191, 209, 227, 264, 266267, 288, 330

affectivity 11, 16, 134, 143146, 148, 181182, 184, 186187, 194, 203, 213, 217218, 262, 305, 375376, 378. See also emotion, cognitive

and minimal realism 158, 357

and understanding 356357, 371, 375376, 378

as co-affectivity 358, 375376, 378, 380. See also being-with-others

as fundamental aspect of subjectivity 142, 356357

American Psychiatric Association 146

Amsterdamska, Olga 121

anxiety 11, 143148, 357, 378. See also understanding, breakdown in

Apollo 15 moonwalk 298

Aristotle 7, 38, 60, 197, 267, 303, 349

and logic 12, 161162, 164170, 174, 176, 180, 182, 187, 191, 195, 199, 205, 223, 264, 305

doctrine of causes of 265, 270275, 277278, 288, 301, 325, 369

articulating, or articulation 13, 6667, 90, 97, 112, 123, 162, 171, 179, 188, 190191, 203, 231, 241, 252, 259, 266, 276, 304, 318, 333, 339. See also thematising, or thematisation

and experimental science 355

and Newton’s First Law 293, 296, 300

of cognitive emotion 376

art-nature distinction 14, 269, 273, 276277, 280281, 300301, 309, 345

assignedness 24, 201202, 216, 275. See also Bewandtnis; cause, efficient; end-directedness; in-order-to relation; involvement

atheism 131

autonomy 42, 9798, 171, 352, 367. See also freedom of the subject; freedom of the thing

of the subject 16, 32, 40, 80, 177, 185187, 305, 350, 353, 367, 372

of the thing 14, 116, 118, 122, 134, 141, 294, 297298, 300301, 311, 318, 327328, 367, 369370, 377

Avagadro’s hypothesis 215

Averill, James 148

Azande of Central Africa 210211, 213, 215, 217

Bambach, Charles 261

Barnes, Barry 16, 20, 24, 26, 3334, 60, 9495, 9899, 114, 208210, 216, 372373

on cognitive emotion 16, 375, 380

on intentionality 220

on realism 19, 2730, 32, 35, 48, 70, 7778

on teleological explanation 330

Bartels, Christoph 308309

basic blueprint, or metaphysical ground plan 1315, 243, 245246, 257, 270, 282, 283, 293, 295, 298, 300301, 310, 327328, 330, 334, 336, 338, 340342, 344345, 360, 366, 369. See also Galilean First Thing; social imagery; world picture

basic independence thesis. See minimal realism, basic independence thesis of

Baudelaire, Charles 379

Befindlichkeit 142, 158. See also affectivity

being-in-the-world 23, 40, 43, 4748, 50, 57, 5960, 71, 78, 80, 84, 131, 134, 143, 145, 155, 351, 371

as fundamental aspect of subjectivity 9, 39, 42, 4546, 49, 100, 142, 152, 206, 219, 356

being, meaning/question of 5455, 73, 99, 167, 355356

being-with-others 187, 305, 351, 357, 371372, 375, 378

as fundamental aspect of subjectivity 12, 93, 142, 204, 206, 356, 371

Bewandtnis 24, 201, 237. See also assignedness; cause, efficient; end-directedness; in-order-to relation; involvement

Bijker, Wiebe E. 362

Blattner, William 302

blind entitlement 26, 32, 34

Bloor, David 15, 2021, 27, 29, 3335, 48, 60, 7982, 9495, 99, 105, 114, 126, 140, 208, 213, 245, 289, 328329, 331333, 335337, 339. See also social imagery

in dispute with Latour 10, 111, 113, 115, 120128, 135140, 149, 353

on intentionality 218221, 275

on logic/rules 209218, 227, 357, 371

on scepticism 2426, 3132, 49

on teleological explanation 329330

Boghossian, Paul 26

Boyle, Robert 14, 285289, 311, 314315, 318319, 321324, 326327, 335341, 344, 367, 377

as mathematical philosopher 286, 288, 327, 339

spring hypothesis of 316321, 323327, 337, 342, 344

Bracken, Patrick 146, 148

Bricmont, Jean 18, 22

Brown, James Robert 20

Burnyeat, Miles F. 370

Burtt, Edwin Arthur 330

Buskell, Andrew 123

calculating, or calculation 87, 233, 244, 264, 376

capitalism 306, 333334

Cartwright, Nancy 303

Casaubon, Méric 338

Cassirer, Ernst 330

cause, efficient 265266, 270271, 273, 275, 277, 279, 312, 318321, 325. See also in-order-to relation

relation to final cause of 281, 292

cause, final 269, 275, 283, 296, 305, 329. See also for-the-sake-of-which relation

and the art-nature distinction 269, 272, 277

as regulating a practice/process 239240, 244245, 268, 270271, 275276, 278, 280281, 283, 292, 295296, 300, 312, 325, 327, 360, 367, 369370, 378

in early-modern (experimental) science 1314, 231, 269, 282, 288, 292, 300, 312, 318, 320, 326327, 345, 360

relation to formal cause of 271272, 276, 279, 292

cause, formal 252, 265266, 270, 275, 279. See also what-being, or whatness

relation to final cause of 271273, 276, 279

cause, material 75, 81, 89, 160, 165, 171, 177, 273, 279280, 300, 307, 321

change-over. See understanding, change-over in

Charleton, Walter 343

Christianity 3839, 7475, 115, 164, 171, 176177, 337, 349. See also God (Christian)

doctrine of salvation of 172, 177, 191, 209

Code, Lorraine 381

Collins, Harry M. 17, 20, 24, 26, 9899, 136, 139, 208, 362

and methodological idealism 3435, 48, 50, 97

community, and communality 8486, 114, 163, 187, 202, 207, 311312, 328, 337, 357, 361, 374, 377, 379

complacency, epistemological 2526, 3134, 36, 49

conceptual scheme. See logical conception of science

conservative thought 331, 333335

constancy of the thing 301, 303, 305306. See also uniformity, of the thing

constructivity 115, 122, 133134, 137, 139141, 143, 150, 159, 181182, 189191, 202, 227, 234, 352353, 357, 380. See also understanding

and finitude 143144, 148149, 182183, 354

and receptivity 133, 136, 138, 142, 158, 160, 181, 183, 196, 258, 356

as intentionality 159

contingency, and dependency 2, 7, 16, 26, 36, 40, 55, 67, 6970, 78, 85, 91, 94, 98, 114, 123, 141, 144, 152, 156, 159, 173, 178, 181, 188, 190191, 193, 205, 208, 218, 227, 245, 256, 263, 278, 286, 296, 298, 300, 312, 326, 330, 342, 345, 361, 375376

craft analogy. See demiurge; productionist metaphysics

craftsman thesis of Edgar Zilsel 290, 306

Crease, Robert P. 89

crisis of European science (Weimar period) 154, 223

Crombie, Alistair C. 248

cultural studies of scientific knowledge 103

cybernetics, or systems theory 15, 364367, 374

Dalton, John 214

Dasein 3940, 43, 60, 6970, 7576, 80, 84, 128, 131, 142, 158, 202204, 257, 305, 330, 356357. See also subjectivity of the subject

das Man (the ‘they’) 206207, 213. See also being-with-others; groups, including status groups

Daston, Lorraine 42

Dear, Peter 13, 264267, 270271, 277280, 282, 285, 290

de Bruyckere, Anna 84

deconstruction 67, 78, 97, 127, 156, 350351, 363, 374

deductive inference 3, 190191, 227, 264, 288

defining, or making definite 146

of knowledge/thinking/understanding 38, 104, 114, 222, 242, 249, 268, 304, 311, 337, 345, 349, 375

of nature/things 66, 73, 168, 198, 207, 228, 232, 259, 265, 270, 272, 295, 299, 311, 316, 334, 369

deliberative behaviour/thinking 151, 220, 224, 231, 236, 239, 241, 273, 275

demiurge, Plato’s image of 74, 163, 166, 169, 171, 180, 187, 194196, 202, 204, 242, 261262, 297, 303, 305. See also productionist metaphysics

demystification 101, 195, 374

Denkstil 248

Descartes, René 7, 12, 128, 161162, 171179, 184, 186187, 191, 196197, 209, 222223, 263, 304305, 318, 348349

describing, or description 35, 81, 83, 87, 97, 105, 121, 135136, 138, 148, 157, 170, 218, 242, 310, 334, 341, 376

and explanation 3, 194, 263, 335

determining, or making determinate 40, 47, 243, 250. See also underdetermination thesis

of knowledge/thinking/understanding 13, 104, 114, 118, 137, 164, 168, 170, 173175, 183184, 190, 200, 202, 205, 208, 223, 239, 241242, 244, 246, 252254, 259, 276, 284285, 310, 312, 328, 339340, 365, 371, 375

of nature/things 39, 61, 6567, 7273, 8990, 9293, 143, 150, 158, 162, 166, 168171, 174175, 178179, 189, 192, 220, 225, 232233, 236, 256, 264, 266, 277, 287, 295, 298299, 302, 306, 348, 370

Dijksterhuis, Eduard Jan 330

directedness of the subject 12, 39, 89, 105, 153, 159160, 181, 186187, 219, 276, 330, 354, 357, 369. See also intentionality

disambiguating 182, 310312, 316

disciplining 229, 246, 251252, 255, 301, 310311, 342, 355

disclosing. See revealing, or disclosing

dogmatism 27, 200, 226, 228230

Douglas, Mary 212213

Dreyfus, Hubert L. 142

Durkheim, Émile 114, 121122, 127

Edinburgh School in SSK 1, 1819, 21

emotion, cognitive 184185, 377, 380381, 383384. See also affectivity

phenomenology of 145, 147148, 184186, 194, 196, 262, 305, 357, 362, 371

sociology of 16, 148, 206, 375377, 379380

empiricism 2, 13, 21, 57, 6566, 82, 116117, 163, 182, 226229, 231, 235, 246, 261, 264, 268, 300, 325326, 363364

in Renaissance natural philosophy 230, 255, 266267

end-directedness 24, 201, 237244, 246, 268, 270275, 281, 283284, 301, 328, 344, 369, 378. See also assignedness; Bewandtnis; cause, efficient; in-order-to relation; involvement

enframing 15, 359364, 366, 368, 373, 377, 379

and cognitive emotion 378

Enlightenment 331335, 338

equipment, and tool-use 6162, 71, 199, 293. See also readiness-to-hand, and ready-to-hand

and equipmental breakdowns. See understanding, breakdown in

in experimental science 67, 292

phenomenological structure of 200201, 244, 274. See also for-the-sake-of-which relation; in-order-to relation

versus objects, and observation 75, 202, 219

essence-existence distinction 10, 39, 5455, 58, 72, 74, 84, 86, 89, 93, 99, 102, 115, 130, 137, 139, 158, 160, 355

essence of a thing 1011, 14, 55, 70, 7274, 82, 86, 91, 115, 132, 143, 158, 238, 258, 272, 294, 298299, 369. See also what-being, or whatness

Evans-Pritchard, Edward Evan 210213, 217

evidence, and self-evidence 1819, 21, 31, 33, 145, 169, 188, 226, 254, 259, 298, 337

deconstruction of 3738, 44, 73, 162, 190, 232

sociology of 19, 2122, 124, 210, 324

exactitude, and making exact 82, 228, 310. See also specifying, or making specific

existence of a thing 1011, 47, 49, 55, 60, 63, 70, 7274, 82, 85, 89, 93, 115, 117, 130, 134, 137, 144, 158. See also minimal realism, basic independence thesis of; that-being, or thatness

existential conception of science 1, 78, 56, 5961, 64, 66, 68, 70, 84, 98, 100101, 153, 192, 196, 231, 235, 245, 255256, 350, 354, 379

experience 3, 8, 27, 70, 164, 168, 173, 205, 233, 251252, 255, 261, 264, 282, 333, 335, 364, 366. See also work-world, and work experiences

and emotion 73, 144146, 148, 184, 203, 263, 362, 371, 376

and metaphysics 1314, 8990, 175, 189, 268, 284285, 287

in modern (experimental) science 256, 295297, 301302, 304, 309, 318, 345, 355356, 360

of time 197200, 203, 260

phenomenology of 11, 15, 23, 3233, 37, 40, 43, 48, 6063, 66, 75, 80, 82, 141, 144, 161, 180, 182, 197, 202, 220, 240241, 243, 253, 258, 262, 272, 274, 334, 355356, 369, 371, 373

sociology of 82, 141, 204205, 259, 263, 306, 355, 374, 378

experimental practice 19, 67, 87, 92, 232233, 245, 255, 277, 281, 288, 301303, 306, 308, 311, 348, 351, 356, 361. See also practice

and final causes 269

and material things 8485, 89, 235, 306, 308, 310, 355

and mathematical/metaphysical projection 65, 89, 235, 287, 298299, 303, 310, 352

relation to theory of 33, 86, 124, 221, 246, 268, 286, 310, 352

sociology of 21, 124, 127, 221, 356, 363

two-fold aim of 301, 310

experiment, early-modern 14, 161, 175, 264, 268, 278280, 289, 292, 298, 313, 338, 356

and artisanal culture 289290, 306309

and final causes 14, 231, 277, 282, 288, 300, 320, 325327, 345

and mathematical/metaphysical projection (Galilean First Thing) 14, 256, 261, 269, 287, 294, 297298, 309, 327, 336338, 344, 360, 367, 377

and mathematics 282, 285287, 345

and the art-nature distinction 269, 277, 281, 300301, 309, 345

and the Boyle-Line dispute 314327, 336338, 342344, 377

sociology of 311312, 316, 337, 377

expertise. See skill

explaining, or explanation 45, 19, 29, 33, 95, 99, 101102, 121, 136, 149, 160, 247, 258, 271, 280281, 291, 293, 302, 352, 369. See also operational explanation; sociological explanation; teleological explanation

and description 3, 194, 263, 335

in science 93, 120, 265, 270, 293, 298299

in the Boyle-Line dispute 318320, 322324, 327328, 337, 344

facts, and facticity 1, 47, 65, 71, 89, 131, 149, 233, 245246, 281282, 294, 311312, 318, 331, 376. See also matters of fact in early-modern experimental practice

Falcon, Andrea 272

Feenberg, Andrew 362, 366

Fell, Joseph 72, 143

female Earth, ancient notion of 341

feminist science studies 103104, 341342

compatibility with SSK of 104

on cognitive emotion 185, 381

feudalism 306, 333335, 337

finitism 114115, 217

finitude 11, 38, 62, 113115, 117, 122, 130131, 133134, 151, 155, 157158, 178, 181, 183184, 204, 208, 223, 256, 258, 338, 353

and anxiety 149

and constructivity 133, 140141, 146, 149150, 184, 254, 259, 354

and humility 117, 126, 129, 133, 140, 144, 150, 178, 380

and minimal realism 113, 140, 149150, 158, 354

and the need for method 251, 257260

and the thing-in-itself 112, 114, 117, 129, 131, 133134, 144, 150, 354

Fleck, Ludwik 185, 248, 382

Forlì, Jacopo da 248249, 251, 265

formalising, or formalisation 7, 128, 157, 166, 170, 212, 216, 220, 223, 241, 245, 275, 370. See also articulating, or articulation

and Newton’s First Law of Motion 14, 293, 296, 299300, 367

of informal knowledge/understanding 1213, 123, 127, 156, 159, 176, 187, 190191, 205, 231, 253, 304, 355

of informal rules 196, 198, 209210, 241

Forman, Paul 154

for-the-sake-of-which relation 201202, 239240, 262, 268, 271275, 281, 283, 296, 305, 309, 369, 376. See also cause, final

in the Boyle-Line dispute 318, 320. See also Galilean First Thing

sociology of 203, 216217, 244245

Foucault, Michel 234

fourfold. See things, fourfold structure of

freedom of the subject 62, 130, 161, 177178, 182185, 188, 190192, 216, 252, 260, 352, 354, 367, 373, 380

freedom of the thing 65, 113, 119, 146, 148149, 294, 303, 308, 317318, 327

Freud, Sigmund 145

Friedman, Michael 181, 263, 330

funiculus. See Line, Francis, thread hypothesis of

Galen of Pergamon 13, 225226, 228230, 246, 252, 261

Galilean First Thing 14, 297298, 300301, 303, 305, 309, 313, 322, 327329, 333, 336, 338, 340341, 343344, 352, 356357, 360, 366, 369, 373374, 376378. See also basic blueprint; social imagery; world picture

Galileo 14, 175, 223, 263264, 288, 291, 297, 347

free-fall experiment of 293294, 298

principle of inertia of 294, 300, 306

Galison, Peter 42

Gay-Lussac, Joseph Louis 214215, 221

German Idealism 134

German Observatory in Hamburg 198

Ginev, Dimitri 5556, 58, 101102, 105, 302

glass-bulb model of subjectivity 37, 44, 49, 78, 152, 222. See also subject-object distinction

as fuel for scepticism 32, 4344, 48, 82, 100, 112, 130

SSK’s residual adherence to 3536, 48, 50, 7778, 83, 100

Glazebrook, Trish 5557, 107, 296, 301

God (Christian) 39, 171172, 177, 254, 258

and productionist metaphysics 74, 115, 134, 171, 173, 338

and the subjectivity of the subject 38, 112114, 117, 120, 129131, 133134, 156157, 171, 173, 178, 254, 258259

sociology of 114115

gods 369370

and cognitive emotion 371

and science 370

sociology of 370371

Goffman, Erving 376

good, idea of the 12, 27, 163, 166, 180, 194195, 202, 216, 242, 262, 271, 375377, 379380

governing, or governedness 147, 369

of knowledge/thinking/understanding 1213, 15, 35, 42, 44, 91, 153, 167, 175, 179180, 182184, 187190, 194, 196, 199, 204, 208209, 217, 241242, 304, 328, 374

of nature/society 16, 252, 258, 276, 280281, 296297, 301, 305, 328, 364, 371372

of scientific practice 13, 233, 242, 260, 281, 301302

ground plan. See basic blueprint

groups, including status groups 1, 16, 79, 105, 207, 218219, 332, 340, 372, 375377, 379, 381

guiding, or guidedness 184, 186, 191, 195, 218, 242, 329, 357, 370

of knowledge/thinking/understanding 1214, 26, 160, 162163, 165, 170171, 174, 177, 184, 189, 193194, 196, 205, 217, 262, 283, 313, 329, 332, 360, 371

of nature/things 165, 170171, 177, 292, 296, 306, 325, 360, 373

of scientific practice 170, 229, 242, 247, 252, 254, 268, 285286, 297, 300, 326, 328, 330, 336, 339, 344, 355, 363

Hacking, Ian 28, 152

Heelan, Patrick 155

Heidegger and First World War combat veterans 147

Heidegger on sociology 179, 206208

Heidegger’s hammer 238240, 293

Heisenberg, Werner 15, 347, 349, 351, 355

Henry, John 27, 29, 31, 3335, 48, 60, 94

hermeneutic circle 189, 192, 242

hermeneutics 5759, 8384, 86, 90, 93, 99, 101, 137. See also interpreting, and interpretation

historicity of the subject 204

historiography of science 13, 153, 205, 223, 231, 245, 260, 268269, 276, 281282, 285, 289, 309, 329330, 376

Howson, Colin 227

human being, meaning/question of 2, 6, 38, 75, 82, 130, 155, 177178, 188, 206, 217, 332, 349, 353, 365

humility 120, 122, 134, 140, 143, 181

and minimal realism 113, 140

in response to finitude 11, 113, 117, 126, 129, 133, 140, 144, 149150, 178, 380

Husserl, Edmund 154155

Huygens, Christiaan 323

idealism 29, 36, 43, 48, 50, 126, 139, 149, 354

attributed to SSK 4, 9, 76

Heidegger’s critique of 10, 43, 4546, 51, 6869, 134

SSK’s rejection of 28, 30, 3536

imagination 6, 254, 276, 290, 350, 353, 363

phenomenology of 161162, 180181, 183184, 196

sociology of 204, 209

incomprehensibility. See meaninglessness/unintelligibility/incomprehensibility

indefinite/indeterminate knowledge/nature 75, 77, 81, 133, 137, 141, 143, 146, 149150, 236, 239, 241, 244, 246, 252, 268, 283285, 378

individuals, and individualism 4, 8, 20, 32, 79, 113, 122123, 127, 149, 168, 172, 174, 176178, 180181, 184, 186187, 201, 203204, 206, 209, 217220, 229, 232, 239, 254, 284, 304305, 311, 317, 327, 329, 331, 335, 341, 365, 367, 372, 374, 376

informal knowledge/understanding 1213, 58, 153, 157, 169, 209210, 212, 216218, 220, 230231, 241, 245, 354

in-order-to relation 201, 216, 244245, 274. See also assignedness; Bewandtnis; cause, efficient; end-directedness; involvement

instituting, or institutionalisation 1, 148, 211, 215217, 219, 341342

intellectus agens 254, 258259

intelligibility 12, 167, 169, 195, 201, 262, 360, 371, 376, 378. See also making sense

in science 240, 246, 268269, 277, 285, 294, 296, 300, 310, 312, 318, 360

of nature/things 55, 6465, 67, 7172, 89, 159, 169, 180, 189, 205, 209, 259, 275, 281, 306, 359, 373

sociology of 209, 244, 294

intentionality 153, 159160, 187, 222

and SSK 218, 220221, 275

as relating thinking to things 153, 159160, 162, 187, 219220

naturalised account of 13, 123, 157, 219, 222, 275, 330

interactionist social theory 16, 372375

interpreting, or interpretation 41, 66, 75, 8385, 9091, 93, 139, 165, 181, 189, 191, 241, 257258

and minimal realism 28, 36, 44, 4647, 49, 70, 79

in science 67, 82, 124125, 138, 171, 260, 294, 321, 325326

of nature/things 61, 85, 137, 141, 166

of subjectivity 32, 38, 174, 366. See also glass-bulb model of subjectivity

of thinking/understanding 162, 166, 190, 193, 209, 223, 264

sociology of 127, 135

intraworldliness. See presence-at-hand, and present-at-hand, within-the-world

involvement 24, 40, 4243, 45, 4748, 57, 6162, 6465, 80, 88, 100, 137, 143, 152, 192, 200201, 220, 237. See also assignedness; Bewandtnis; cause, efficient; end-directedness; in-order-to relation

Jagger, Alison 185

Jardine, Nicholas 254

Jünger, Ernst 147

Kahn, Charles 74

Kant, Immanuel 7, 111, 120, 142, 158, 160, 181, 184, 258259, 348

and cognitive emotion 185186, 305, 357

doctrine of the thing-in-itself of 11, 112120, 126129, 131134, 137, 149150, 353

on logic/thinking 12, 161162, 175176, 178181, 183188, 193194, 196, 203204, 209, 217, 253, 305

subject-object distinction of 120123, 128, 130, 135, 353

Kitcher, Philip 18

Klein, Ursula 307, 309

Knorr-Cetina, Karin D. 302

Kockelmans, Joseph J. 155

Kohler, Robert 302

Koyré, Alexandre 13, 261263, 267, 290, 330

Kuhn, Thomas 81, 96, 285287, 331332, 335, 345

Kusch, Martin 126, 222

laboratory science. See experiment, early-modern; experimental practice

Langton, Rae 11, 112114, 116119, 124, 126, 129, 131133, 135, 137, 141, 150

Latour, Bruno 11, 111, 121, 123, 126127, 136140, 150, 353, 363

criticism of Heidegger 53

criticism of SSK 113, 115, 120122, 125126, 128, 135136, 149, 353

pragmatic idealism of 139, 149, 354

laws of nature. See rules/laws of nature

letting things be 165, 209, 237, 240, 244, 283, 360, 369370, 378

in experimental science 14, 246, 298, 345, 355, 360. See also releasing

sociology of 259, 306

Lewens, Tim 126

liberal criticism of SSK 350354

light, illumination, and sun 89, 163, 195, 202, 205, 242, 254, 264, 359360

Line, Francis (Franciscus Linus) 14, 288, 311, 316, 318, 321, 323, 335, 337, 339, 343344, 377

and the horror vacui 321322, 324, 342

as mathematician 345

as mechanician 343

thread hypothesis of 319325, 327328, 337, 342344

logic 154, 156, 162. See also rules of reason

as grounded in metaphysics 156, 179, 188, 190, 192195, 241, 261

as science of the rules of reason 11, 159, 166, 179, 190, 192193, 198, 208, 241242

in Renaissance natural philosophy 230, 251

phenomenological history of 12, 153, 159, 161, 166, 169, 179, 181, 183, 188, 191, 195, 216, 223

sociology of 3, 12, 204205, 209, 211212, 214215, 217, 221, 356

logical conception of science 66, 104, 153, 196, 340

existential foundation of 59, 6566, 68, 102, 192

logic of discovery 230, 251, 256, 259

logos 165170, 175, 180, 187, 191, 195, 205, 264

looking, and the look of a thing 41, 44, 61, 6465, 162, 220. See also light, illumination, and sun

lore 204, 209210, 218

making sense 33, 44, 82, 115, 132133, 141, 143144, 148, 181, 189, 203, 257, 263, 294, 354355, 373. See also intelligibility

in experimental science 310

or failing to do so 148, 378. See also understanding, breakdown in

sociology of 209, 259

manipulating, or manipulation 6, 14, 67, 87, 152, 200, 202, 234, 266, 284285, 291, 307, 309, 372. See also cause, efficient

and final causes 281, 300, 309, 360

in early-modern (experimental) science 235, 269, 279280, 286, 289290, 300301, 309, 360

Mannheim, Karl 331335

manufacturing 14, 307, 309, 369

material, or matter. See cause, material

mathematical essentialism/existentialism 101

mathematical projection of nature 5758, 6566, 8890, 231, 233, 289, 294. See also basic blueprint; metaphysical projection of the thingness of things; projecting, or projection

and co-affectivity 378

and Newton’s First Law of Motion 295296, 299, 306

as existential ground for both theory and practice 5758, 89, 101, 284, 352, 357. See also theory-practice distinction

in early-modern (experimental) science 256, 268, 285, 297, 300, 302, 309310

mathematicising, or mathematicisation 174, 255, 260261, 295, 327, 339. See also mathematical projection of nature; mathēsis

of knowledge/thinking/understanding 13, 162, 171172, 175176, 209, 223, 231, 262, 264, 297, 301, 304

of nature/things 65, 176, 282, 284, 288, 298, 300, 310, 345, 370

mathematics 14, 57, 65, 67, 102, 154, 161, 172173, 175, 177, 191, 255, 261263, 267, 277, 282, 286287, 303, 308, 313, 316, 345

and experimental practice 285287, 297298, 300301, 328, 339, 345

Aristotelian, or mixed 263265, 267, 269, 277, 279280, 285

mathēsis 231, 233237, 239, 241242, 244, 246, 248, 257, 262, 269, 281282, 284, 287, 291, 347, 357

and basic blueprint, or final cause 243, 245246, 283284, 288, 295, 360

and Boyle’s experimental practice 286288. See also Boyle, Robert, as mathematical philosopher

and normativity/co-affectivity 234, 378

and regressus 247, 255256, 258, 269, 280, 295, 300

as reciprocal relation between metaphysics and experience 234235, 270, 289, 291

sociology of 245

matters of fact in early-modern experimental practice 89, 309, 321

sociology of 311312, 316, 326, 337

Mayr, Otto 366367

McGuire, James 204

McManus, Denis 86

meaning 54, 75, 99, 114, 146, 167, 170, 180, 189, 216, 287, 314, 371, 374

and existence 85, 9091, 99, 352

of practices/processes 195, 197, 200, 268, 273275, 280282, 292, 300, 325

of things 55, 6364, 6667, 141, 143144, 180, 217, 245, 275, 298, 306, 318, 355, 360, 369

meaninglessness/unintelligibility/incomprehensibility 71, 73, 86, 89, 141, 144, 146, 148, 185, 254, 275, 296, 322, 324, 326, 351, 378

measure (noun) 243246, 253, 260, 268, 282286, 295, 313, 341342, 344, 360, 370, 377378

measuring, and measurement 34, 65, 67, 89, 197, 214, 233, 245, 264, 281282, 308, 310311

mechanical philosophy 277, 315, 318, 340, 342343

versus organic philosophy 342

Merchant, Carolyn 341

metallurgy, influence on experimental science 14, 308309

metaphysical projection of the thingness of things 178179, 189, 224, 232, 257, 259, 310, 370. See also projecting, or projection

in science 170, 175, 234, 240, 247, 257, 268, 270, 282, 284, 286, 291, 293295, 298300, 306, 336, 344, 357, 360. See also mathematical projection of nature

reciprocal relation to work experiences of 13, 234, 268, 289, 291. See also work-world, and work experiences

metaphysics 134, 170, 262263. See also metaphysical projection of the thingness of things; productionist metaphysics

and experience 13, 175, 189, 235, 268, 287. See also work-world, and work experiences

as grounded in finitude 133134, 257, 260, 263

as grounding logic 179, 188, 192, 194195

in early-modern experimental science 287, 325326

method 1, 21, 56, 67, 226, 230, 246, 289, 306307, 334, 348351, 361

as mathēsis 256, 258259, 262, 310

in Renaissance natural philosophy 247, 249256, 258261, 263, 267, 299

metrology 287

Millikan-Ehrenhaft dispute (oil-drop experiment) 34, 124125, 135, 138139

mind-body distinction 23, 31, 152, 174, 352

minimal realism 10, 51, 53, 58, 72, 93, 104105, 111, 113, 158, 259, 354, 357

and finitude 140, 149, 354

and SSK 2829, 50, 7678, 8283, 100, 117, 124, 128, 149

as compatible with Heidegger’s critique of realism 47, 51, 53, 56, 69, 72, 76, 93, 100, 102, 113. See also realism, Heidegger’s critique of

basic independence thesis of 56, 58, 70, 72, 7679, 8183, 85, 9091, 100, 113, 128, 140, 149, 151, 158, 355

relation to scientific realism of 2829, 56, 69, 77

modernity 56, 361

mortality, and mortals 3, 133, 157, 178, 261, 368. See also finitude

motion 167, 197, 266, 293295, 297298, 306, 311, 318, 326. See also cause, efficient; Newton, Issac, First Law of Motion

and final causes 271, 274, 276278, 280, 288, 292, 295296, 318, 325, 327

and formal causes 270271, 276, 292

and the art-nature distinction 272273, 277

Mumford, Lewis 366

natural attitude 3336, 138

naturalism 24, 12, 2022, 95, 113115, 122123, 149, 157, 262, 275

Newton, Isaac 175, 223, 285, 288, 347, 370

First Law of Motion 14, 292, 294, 296, 299300, 306, 367

Nieli, Russell 145

Nifo, Agostino 249, 251, 266267, 299

non-contradiction, principle of 175, 182, 209, 304, 370. See also rules of reason

and the subjectivity of the subject 175, 178179, 181

sociology of 210215, 217, 221

non-deliberative/non-propositional understanding/behaviour 3, 12, 32, 66, 151, 153, 156157, 192193, 198, 204, 219220, 236, 273, 275, 330, 336, 343, 356, 380

normativity 195, 364

and affectivity/co-affectivity/cognitive emotion 3, 194, 357, 371, 376, 378, 380

and the subjectivity of the subject 366

in science 234, 242, 253254, 260, 376

of rules 3, 196, 217

sociology of 3, 79, 95, 217218, 244, 371374

Norris, Christopher 18

Norton, John D. 18

objecthood of the object 4647, 68, 132, 137, 144

objectifying. See thematising

objectivity 3, 5, 42, 79, 180181, 227229, 246, 262, 301, 309, 330, 348349, 364

O’Brien, Tim 146

observing, or observation 41, 69, 72, 78, 8182, 163, 202, 227, 233, 235, 247, 256257, 259, 264, 290, 298300, 315, 348, 355

and cognitive emotion 185

in science 65, 67, 226, 229230, 246, 249, 251, 254255, 258, 297298, 300

ontological difference 55

ontology as phenomenology 45, 179, 181, 205, 294

operational explanation 265, 267, 270, 279, 281, 284, 290, 307308, 312, 319321, 324. See also cause, efficient

ordering, and order 146, 177, 195, 202, 234, 292, 300, 360, 362

of experience/understanding 148, 177, 180181, 203, 281, 306, 371372, 378

of nature/society 146, 148, 265, 276, 286, 292, 295, 301, 309310, 312, 324, 326327, 333, 337, 341, 359, 361, 367, 372, 376, 379

organising, or organisation 167169

of art/nature/society 272275, 300, 306, 332, 340341, 365, 367, 374375, 377

of experience/understanding 1, 12, 16, 42, 66, 163, 174, 206, 222, 287, 300, 306, 313, 331, 376

paradox of the heap (sorites) 225230, 370

patterns in behaviour/thinking 96, 145, 148, 150, 156, 206, 215, 217218, 222, 225227, 306, 316, 325

Paul of Venice 249

perceiving, or perception 41, 45, 64, 117, 132, 171, 211, 219, 235, 331

phenomenology 3, 22, 33, 58, 75, 78, 83, 154156, 200, 370, 377

and minimal realism 58, 78, 82, 93

and SSK 8, 24, 3334, 48, 58, 78, 80, 8283, 100, 113, 138, 157, 205, 208, 212, 222, 351, 357, 371, 373

of subjectivity 89, 15, 23, 3637, 3940, 45, 48, 50, 60, 62, 100, 147, 157, 187, 205206, 354, 356, 364, 371, 373. See also subjectivity of the subject

Pickering, Andrew 366

Pinch, Trevor 362363

placing things 178, 359360. See also letting things be

Aristotelian placement 265, 270, 276, 292293, 360

in modern (experimental) science 278, 293, 295297, 302303, 309, 327, 345, 360

placement as enframing/poiēsis 359360, 366

Plato 7, 12, 156, 161164, 195196, 202203, 205, 216, 262, 376. See also demiurge, Plato’s image of

poetry 182, 205, 260, 359, 370. See also poiēsis

poiēsis 359362, 364, 366

Popkin, Richard H. 25

post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). See anxiety

Potter, Elizabeth 342

practice 8, 11, 83, 87, 92, 99, 103, 151, 197, 203, 290, 307, 309, 330, 369, 373. See also experimental practice

and mathematical/metaphysical projection 65, 101, 243, 258, 268269, 282, 284, 289, 345, 360

and minimal realism 28, 36, 70, 76, 79, 86, 90, 9293, 139, 149

and normativity 242244, 260, 378

as constitutive of essence/meaning 86, 9192, 143

as grounded in existence 57, 6768, 89, 105, 352, 356

phenomenology of 201202, 205, 212, 219220, 235, 237, 242, 244, 247, 258, 275276, 356

relation to theory of 56, 6768, 86, 8889, 96, 101, 152, 183, 211, 213, 285, 290292, 335

sociology of 5, 9496, 98, 104105, 204, 208, 210212, 216, 218, 244245, 260, 268, 312, 329332, 335, 340, 353354, 361, 370, 379

practice-based accounts of science 6, 10, 5758, 94, 291, 340, 379

precision, and making precise 264, 288, 310

of knowledge/thinking/understanding 164, 168169, 178, 183, 195, 230231, 244, 250, 276, 299, 310, 348349, 351

of nature/things 67, 165166, 198, 228, 266, 308, 310312

presence-at-hand, and present-at-hand 39, 6061, 63, 68, 71, 8788, 198, 207

different meanings of 72, 143

within-the-world 64, 68, 71, 73, 75, 8081, 86, 8990, 93, 134, 158159, 192, 200, 240, 293

without-the-world 71, 73, 7576, 8990

world misconstrued in terms of 40, 4546, 49

priming, sociological 216, 245

productionist metaphysics 75, 81, 160, 163, 165, 171, 180, 194195, 275, 291, 306, 359. See also demiurge, Plato’s image of

in early-modern science 242, 306, 309

productive comportment 73, 75, 159160, 197, 224, 339

projecting, or projection 64, 69, 72, 77, 80, 131133, 137, 141142, 144, 155, 158159, 188, 190, 202, 242, 257258, 275, 284, 339, 355, 357, 359, 372373, 378

propositional knowledge/thinking 4142, 44, 61, 64, 66, 73, 79, 104, 151, 182, 219220, 222, 276, 355

as grounded in non-propositional understanding 4344, 46, 68, 192, 218, 356

deconstruction of 12, 153, 156157, 161, 166, 174, 191, 223, 311

relation to thing as property-bearing substance of 153, 157, 159160, 162, 193, 234

Psillos, Stathis 28

quantifying, or quantification 65, 67, 89, 101, 197, 243, 264, 284

Randall, John Herman, Jr 247248, 251252, 255, 261, 263, 267, 291

rationalising, or rationalisation 30, 230, 308309, 333, 335, 370

rationalism 13, 153, 227, 231, 235, 246, 261, 263264, 266268, 300, 333338

rationality of science 2, 2122, 103, 120, 185, 365

readiness-to-hand, and ready-to-hand 61, 6364, 6971, 75, 86, 158159, 200, 237238, 274, 283

and non-deliberative/non-propositional understanding 66, 192193, 199

in science 8889, 240, 244, 293

realism 10, 2829, 31, 50, 5556, 5859, 70, 77, 83, 85, 90, 93, 115, 136137, 139140, 149. See also minimal realism

Heidegger’s critique of 10, 43, 4546, 51, 6869, 72

SSK’s minimalist endorsement of 23, 2832, 3435, 47, 51, 70, 7677, 80, 97, 102, 128, 149, 356. See also minimal realism, and SSK

weakness of SSK’s realism 2931, 3334, 36, 43, 4850, 7678, 81, 83, 114, 140

reality 4, 1718, 27, 3536, 4546, 48, 7778, 80, 82, 98, 177, 341, 363, 374

and appearance 2931, 43

as less fundamental than the real 44, 46, 6973. See also real things, or the real

name for world projected as object 44, 46, 6970, 80, 374

real things, or the real 59, 68, 76, 112, 163, 195. See also presence-at-hand without-the-world

as more fundamental than reality 44, 46, 6973

receptivity 116117, 124, 131132, 134135, 137138, 142143, 158, 181182, 186187, 196, 262, 298, 355, 357, 371372. See also affectivity

and constructivity 132, 136, 138, 142, 158, 160, 182184, 196, 258, 356

reflexivity, SSK tenet of 156, 208

regressus 248250, 253255, 257, 259, 261, 265267

and mathēsis 255256, 258, 269, 280, 295, 300

regulating, and regularity 89, 217218, 243, 273, 278, 299, 364, 368, 374

and final causes 243244, 246, 271, 275276, 292, 295296, 325, 327, 360, 370

in experimental practice 300, 306, 310, 312, 327

reifying, or reification 9698, 104, 372

relativism 25, 2830, 47, 85. See also contingency, and dependency

releasing things 303, 308

in experimental science 14, 302, 308, 317, 326, 345

reliability of knowledge/method 3, 195, 208, 229230, 242, 246247, 260, 292, 299, 306307, 311, 336, 345

revealing, or disclosing 7, 12, 65, 71, 87, 190, 260, 334, 359360, 373

and cybernetics 363, 366

and experimental science 301, 310, 361362

Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg 153, 339

Romanticism 331335, 338

Rorty, Richard 94, 101

Rouse, Joseph 11, 58, 76, 8384, 9293, 101103, 351, 353

conflation of existence with essence/meaning 10, 55, 72, 85, 8991, 137, 139

criticism of Heidegger 10, 5657, 8689, 93, 101102, 352

criticism of SSK 10, 57, 9499, 101, 104, 352353, 373

rules/laws of nature 278279, 293, 312, 364, 367368

and experimental science 297, 299, 301, 306, 311, 327, 360

and the principle of inertia (First Law of Motion) 294, 297, 300, 303, 306

as final cause 246, 271, 276, 280281, 292, 295, 325

as projected 294, 296, 298299, 301, 306. See also mathematical projection of nature

rules of reason 26, 172, 216, 242, 262, 264, 304, 364

and affectivity/co-affectivity/cognitive emotion 184, 186, 203, 218, 262, 305, 357

in Renaissance natural philosophy 13, 249, 252253

logic as science of 193, 216, 241

phenomenology of 12, 153, 179, 181, 183184, 186, 188189, 193194, 196200, 203204, 209, 275

sociology of 203204, 209210, 215, 217218, 244, 305306, 312, 316, 371, 373374

scepticism about induction 227

scepticism and SSK 22, 24. See also scepticism, external-world

SSK’s rejection of radical scepticism 2527, 47, 50

SSK’s use of mitigated scepticism 2327, 47, 50

SSK’s vulnerability to sceptical attack 9, 23, 30, 3334, 36, 4950, 78, 8182, 113, 351352

scepticism, external-world 17, 1920, 22, 31, 37, 43, 100, 112, 146, 178, 184. See also scepticism and SSK

as attributed to SSK 18, 22, 351

Heidegger’s response to 910, 23, 37, 4246, 4849, 62, 78, 130, 152, 222, 351

SSK’s response to 910, 19, 21, 23, 2627, 2934, 36, 4750, 78, 82, 356

Schaffer, Simon 14, 311313, 315316, 324, 326327, 337

Scheff, Thomas 376

Schmitt, Charles 254

science wars 9, 18

scientific philosophy 154155, 196, 208, 377

Scientific Revolution 231, 235, 245, 247, 261, 271, 281282, 289, 291292, 303, 333, 340, 342

Scott, David 298

self-referring practice 187, 215218, 245

self-regulating system. See cybernetics

Serjeantson, Richard 338

Shapin, Steven 24, 2627, 29, 31, 34, 281, 286287, 311313, 377

on final causes 271, 277, 282

on Robert Boyle 14, 286, 315316, 324, 326327, 337

simplifying, or simplification 123, 141, 276, 311, 329, 336337, 372

skill 151, 274, 290, 307309, 343

Skinner, Quentin 337

Smith, Pamela H. 289, 291, 306307, 309

social constructivism 53, 76, 83, 93, 95, 97, 100, 102, 125, 140, 148149, 363

social imagery 15, 245, 289, 328330, 332, 336, 340. See also basic blueprint; Galilean First Thing; world picture

society 46, 15, 98, 114115, 121, 127, 185, 206207, 328, 331332, 336337, 339, 341, 361363, 365, 379. See also society-nature distinction

society-nature distinction 47, 121, 127, 352353

sociological explanation 9, 20, 22, 25, 79, 95, 9799, 113, 120, 123124, 126127, 156, 209, 218221, 306, 316, 326, 329330, 340, 353354, 367, 372373, 379

as necessary but not sufficient 1921, 95, 102, 290, 312, 355

Sokal, Alan 18, 22

sorites. See paradox of the heap

Spary, Emma C. 307, 309

speaking, and speech 165166, 169, 191. See also logos

specifying, or making specific 58, 286

of knowledge/thinking/understanding 66, 80, 101102, 116, 152153, 160, 163, 166, 168169, 177, 186, 193, 203, 213, 217218, 230, 232233, 239, 241242, 244, 249, 257, 264265, 284285, 312, 318, 326, 332

of nature/things 65, 82, 135, 141, 170, 228, 236, 246, 248249, 265, 270, 273, 284, 286, 299300, 310, 312, 316, 321, 336, 365

Spiller, Michael 338

spontaneity. See constructivity

SSK (sociology of scientific knowledge) and phenomenology 8, 24, 3334, 48, 58, 78, 80, 8283, 100, 113, 138, 157, 205, 208, 212, 222, 351, 357, 371, 373

stabilising, and stability 5, 66, 92, 212, 299301, 306307, 325, 352, 364, 372

standardising, or standardisation 243

of cognitive emotion 148, 185

of method/materials 227229, 242, 246247, 287, 299, 307308, 361

of thinking/understanding 160, 162163, 169, 175, 194, 196, 253, 287, 304, 334, 361

sociology of 114, 186, 210

Steiner, Carol J. 98, 366, 374

strong programme in sociology of knowledge 1, 127, 329

subjectivity of the subject 8, 10, 15, 35, 37, 46, 50, 55, 76, 84, 128, 284, 332, 356357, 364, 370372, 375

and substance ontology 9, 12, 23, 32, 38, 40, 42, 6768, 78, 82, 100, 128131, 153, 171173, 176, 178179, 184, 187, 193, 196, 203, 207, 218219, 222, 349350, 352

construed as existence 10, 33, 37, 39, 43, 45, 48, 50, 60, 66, 6970, 75, 93, 100, 132, 142143, 145, 147, 152, 155, 158, 184, 187, 196, 204, 207, 222, 239, 306, 351. See also being-in-the-world; Dasein

subject-object distinction 7, 15, 23, 31, 41, 78, 120121, 174, 350, 352354. See also glass-bulb model

as fuel for scepticism 23, 50, 79, 81

deconstruction of 78, 12, 40, 42, 46, 78, 80, 128, 130, 150, 348, 350351

SSK’s criticism of 122123, 135

SSK’s residual adherence to 89, 11, 23, 34, 76, 7983, 125, 352353

subject-world relation 2324, 4041, 45, 4950, 60, 62, 75, 80, 129, 142143, 145, 158, 222, 356357, 373. See also being-in-the-world

suction 314, 322323

symmetry principle of SSK 95, 120121, 136, 353

systems theory. See cybernetics

tacit knowledge/understanding 9, 14, 3233, 3637, 4850, 78, 83, 100, 112, 214, 236, 275, 279, 287288, 312, 326330, 336, 340, 356, 377, 379. See also non-deliberative/non-propositional understanding/behaviour

techniques, and technology 1, 3, 15, 67, 175, 178, 230, 233, 266, 280, 284, 286287, 289, 300, 306310, 312, 341, 355, 358359, 361364, 366, 368369

teleological explanation 268269, 272, 275, 279, 281, 291, 312, 329, 360. See also cause, final

and telos as end, not goal or purpose 274, 288, 296, 330, 369

that-being, or thatness 10, 55, 7374, 84, 86, 91, 102, 117, 130, 133, 137, 146, 165, 259, 355356. See also cause, material

and affectivity 11, 143, 148, 357, 378

and experimental science 93, 250

thematising, or thematisation 1213, 41, 61, 64, 66, 69, 73, 78, 80, 82, 90, 133, 190, 193, 199, 210, 219220, 231, 242, 350, 370, 380

and experimental science 67, 89

and propositional knowledge/thinking 47, 89, 159, 187

of cognitive emotion, taboos against 376, 380

theorising, and theory 10, 19, 77, 86, 94, 96, 100, 203, 282, 290, 351, 358, 361, 366. See also underdetermination thesis

and mathematical/metaphysical projection 65, 8890, 352

and minimal realism 70, 7679, 81, 86, 149

as grounded in existence 5758, 61, 6566, 68, 87, 89, 101102, 105, 352, 356

phenomenology of 36, 58, 61, 64, 6667, 183, 192, 219220, 293, 357

relation to practice of 5658, 6768, 86, 8889, 152, 183, 211, 213, 255, 261, 268, 290292, 310, 329, 335

sociology of 1, 21, 27, 3334, 81, 96, 98, 105, 124, 204, 214215, 218, 221, 329, 351

theory-practice distinction 5758, 67, 84, 86, 8889, 91, 152, 183, 291, 310, 352, 357

The Things They Carried 146

thing (verb) 368

thing as property-bearing substance 70, 93, 158, 171, 219, 355

deconstruction of 169, 171, 174, 176, 232

relation to propositional knowledge/thinking of 12, 153, 157, 159160, 184, 193, 234

thing-in-itself 11, 112, 116, 118121, 125, 139, 144, 176

and affectivity 11, 123, 133, 378

and finitude 11, 112114, 126, 129, 133134, 140, 144, 150, 353

and SSK 113115, 122, 124, 126, 128, 135, 137, 149

deconstruction of 128129, 131, 357

thingness of things. See metaphysical projection of the thingness of things

things, fourfold structure of 368, 370

things in relation to thinking 12, 152153, 157164, 166, 169171, 174, 176177, 180, 184, 186187, 191, 194, 204, 209, 217, 306

thinking 6, 13, 15, 26, 83, 128, 151, 188189, 205, 210

phenomenological history of 11, 150, 153, 156, 161, 164167, 170171, 173179, 182184, 186188, 191, 194196, 202, 205, 209, 223, 244, 294, 304. See also logic, phenomenological history of

phenomenology of 4244, 61, 63, 73, 87, 131, 141, 152, 155, 157159, 163, 167, 170, 180181, 187, 189, 191194, 197, 199200, 203, 205206, 208, 216, 220, 224, 237, 301, 311, 354, 357

relation to things of 12, 129, 152153, 157164, 166, 168171, 174, 176177, 180, 184, 186187, 191, 194, 204, 209, 217, 306

sociology of 12, 80, 105, 114, 157, 204205, 208209, 215, 217218, 220

time 54, 196, 199200, 204, 223, 343

as ground for thinking/understanding 196197, 200

construed mathematically 65, 89, 199, 293, 295296, 301

existential conception of 197, 200, 203, 216, 244

Todtnauberg 347

tool-use. See equipment, and tool-use

topic-resource distinction 5, 34, 54, 62, 90, 9899, 121, 126, 138, 230, 353355, 373, 377, 379

Torricellian experiment/effect 313319, 322324, 326327, 337, 344

Tosh, Nick 126

tradition 12, 114, 156, 160, 204205, 207209, 217218, 221, 223224, 227, 244, 259260, 262, 281, 305, 330, 370371

transcendence 26, 38, 62, 130, 144

and scientific knowledge 25, 20, 259260

deconstruction of 11, 130, 132133, 156, 170

sociology of 115, 120, 122123, 126127, 149, 263

transcendental phenomenology 154

trauma. See anxiety

truth 10, 19, 26, 3334, 59, 66, 77, 95, 120, 136, 159, 163, 172, 192, 226227. See also absolute knowledge/truth

Tuchanska, Barbara 204

Tugendhat, Ernst 237

underdetermination thesis 125127, 136, 138139, 227

understanding 12, 45, 4850, 7072, 74, 79, 89, 105, 132, 137, 163, 169170, 183, 189, 193, 198, 200, 202, 219, 232, 242, 257, 259, 275, 338, 355, 360, 364, 374, 376

and affectivity 142, 356358, 362363, 371, 375, 378

and finitude 119, 129, 131, 133, 140, 142, 149, 205, 353

as co-understanding 358, 361362, 373375, 378, 380. See also being-with-others

as fundamental aspect of subjectivity 142, 356

breakdown in 63, 73, 88, 143, 148, 158, 378. See also anxiety

change-over in 42, 44, 4748, 6162, 6466, 6869, 80, 8687, 89, 158, 192, 220, 293

in science 13, 65, 6768, 232, 242, 276, 284, 286, 289, 292293, 297298, 302, 305, 310, 316, 339, 360, 363, 375

uniformity 288, 293, 295, 297, 301, 332, 342, 360361

in experience/understanding 15, 206, 228, 282, 285287, 313, 341

of things 14, 264, 282, 284, 292, 294296, 298, 300, 306307, 342, 344345, 360, 367, 370

unintelligibility. See meaninglessness/unintelligibility/incomprehensibility

Urban the Averroist 248

vagueness 229, 257, 260, 310. See also indefinite/indeterminate knowledge/nature

Van Dyck, Maarten 84

von Weizsäcker, Carl Friedrich 15, 347349, 355356, 358, 363366, 372, 374375, 377

von Weizsäcker, Viktor 347, 349

weak programme in sociology of science 1

Weber, Max 375

what-being, or whatness 1011, 13, 55, 7374, 82, 84, 86, 9192, 102, 117, 130, 132133, 137, 143, 150, 165, 168, 170, 172, 174176, 189, 201202, 205, 219, 224, 232, 236, 239240, 242, 244, 251, 253, 257259, 265, 270272, 275, 283284, 298, 302, 355356, 360, 369, 373. See also cause, formal

and affectivity 378

and experimental science 250, 301, 303, 309, 311, 345

Winner, Langdon 366

Wittgenstein, Ludwig 26

work-world, and work experiences 6164, 71, 90, 192, 200201, 216, 283. See also equipment, and tool-use; readiness-to-hand, and ready-to-hand

and a priori knowledge 224

and non-deliberative/non-propositional understanding 219, 273

in science 13, 170, 175, 224, 234, 240, 242, 244247, 268, 270, 289, 291, 293294, 309

reciprocal relation to metaphysical projection of 13, 234, 268, 291. See also metaphysical projection of the thingness of things

world picture 15, 334, 338339, 342, 344, 364, 366367, 374. See also basic blueprint; Galilean First Thing; social imagery

Yearley, Steven 9798, 136, 139

Zabarella, Jacopo 250261, 263, 266267, 300

Zilsel, Edgar 290, 306, 333

Zimmerman, Michael 147