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© 2017 William J. Sutherland

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work; to adapt the work and to make commercial use of the work providing attribution is made to the authors (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). Attribution should include the following information:

Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., and Smith, R.K. What Works in Conservation 2017. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers, 2017.

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Digital material and resources associated with this volume are available at and

ISSN 2059-4232 (Print)

ISSN 2059-4240 (Online)

ISBN Paperback: 978-1-78374-308-7

ISBN Hardback: 978-1-78374-309-4

ISBN Digital (PDF): 978-1-78374-310-0

ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 978-1-78374-311-7

ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 978-1-78374-312-4

DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0109

Funded by Arcadia, Synchronicity Earth, ESRC, NERC, Natural England and Waitrose Ltd.

Cover image: A close up shot of the underside of a Dwarf Cavendish (Musa acuminata) by Ben Clough, CC BY-SA 3.0. Wikimedia

Cover design: Heidi Coburn

All paper used by Open Book Publishers is SFI (Sustainable Forestry Initiative) and PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes) certified.

Printed in the United Kingdom and United States by Lightning Source for Open Book Publishers