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Index

accommodation 99, 113

active role 5, 32, 80, 107, 113, 115

adaptability 5, 14, 17, 35, 98, 100, 110, 111, 112113, 117

adaptations 12, 16, 98, 107, 111112

aggression 6, 6162

Albon, S.D. 61

allele 89

Aronson, L. 28

attachment 3, 19, 22, 23, 24. See also bonding

attention 4, 6, 2223, 36, 6465, 73, 117118

bacteria 10, 81, 89

Badyaev, A.V. 113

Baroncelli, L. 54

Beall, C.M. 112

beavers 108

behavioural imprinting 6, 116

behavioural studies 6, 19, 30, 34, 57, 62, 69, 96, 105106, 118

determinism 47

behaviour patterns 1, 10, 17, 2728, 31, 3334, 4144, 49, 51, 54, 57, 59, 7981, 89, 91, 9394, 111112, 113

environmental 79, 84

genetic 1, 27, 7980, 84, 117

innate 1, 2728

learned 1, 14, 27, 91, 111

pattern recognition 1415, 24

birds 2, 1920, 2325, 3233, 71, 87, 116

Bittles, A.H. 67

blastula 39

blueprint 4, 80, 117

Blumberg, M.S. 5

bonding 5253. See also attachment; parent-offspring relationships

animal 4, 94, 117

Book of Common Prayer 74

Bowlby, John 21

brain 6, 12, 15, 21, 36, 42, 99

brains 49, 50, 53, 54

brainwashing 5052

Braun, E. 106

Buklijas, T. 104

butterfly 4, 40, 116

Capra, F. 3, 29

Carey, N. 85

caterpillar 4, 40, 116

cats 17, 53, 54, 63, 94

Chali, D. 105

cheetah 91, 94

chess 1315, 101

Deep Blue 1314

Deeper Blue 1415

chimpanzee 71, 83, 95

choice 12, 20, 33, 69, 75, 91, 103, 107

chromosomes 78, 86

Clarke, A.D.B. 47

Clarke, A.M. 47

cleaner fish 58

Clutton-Brock, T.H. 61

communication 4, 5758, 61, 116, 118

competition 1416, 57, 92, 94, 109

computer 2, 1315. See also chess

IBM 1315

conditional 35, 6465, 79, 100, 103, 117

conflict 4, 15, 5962, 116, 118

conformity 7475

convergers 96

cooperation 14, 5758

coping 99, 112

courtship 68, 112

cousins 67, 70, 71, 75

cow 8385

creativity 6, 7, 13, 93, 9697, 110

Cresswell, W. 91

cuckoo 57

Darwin, Charles 3, 10, 59, 88, 91, 105, 107, 113

Darwinian evolution 10, 17, 35, 57, 69, 73, 75, 87, 9798, 102, 106, 107, 113, 118

David, L. 106

Dawkins, Richard 57, 87

descendants 5, 106107, 113, 117

design 3, 912, 1718, 45, 55, 91, 98, 102, 107, 113, 115116, 119

determinism 47, 102

development 1, 36, 1114, 16, 1922, 2425, 2738, 3946, 4749, 5556, 57, 62, 63, 6566, 77, 7981, 8387, 89, 91, 94, 97100, 101106, 108, 113, 115118

cake model 79

discontinuous 39

sensitive periods in 20, 21, 4749, 55

developmental studies 27

controversies 27

differentiation 86

discontinuities 4, 3941, 4445, 6364

divergers 96

DNA 7778, 8081, 8586

‘junk’ DNA 81

dogs 52, 99, 103

Durham, W.H. 7374, 79

ecology 3, 16, 17, 39, 45, 116

Edwards, Jonathan 50

embryo 1, 39, 85, 102

emperor penguin 16

Enquselassie, F. 105

environment 1, 5, 12, 20, 2728, 32, 3537, 47, 55, 6465, 6970, 74, 77, 80, 8286, 92, 9798, 100, 101105, 107109, 111113

epigenetic 2829, 31, 50, 8586, 97, 106

equifinality 2931

ethology 2, 56, 27, 39

evolution 3, 56, 1012, 17, 21, 26, 27, 31, 35, 57, 61, 69, 73, 74, 75, 77, 7778, 78, 81, 85, 8789, 9798, 102103, 105113, 115, 117118

biscuits 88

evolvability 88

Fanshawe, J.H. 91

feedback 2, 2932, 35, 107

females 52, 53, 71, 9596, 107

Ferguson-Smith, A.C. 85

Fitzgibbon, C.D. 91

food 16, 17, 2930, 40, 41, 43, 49, 54, 58, 59, 6162, 65, 98, 104105. See also weaning

forecasting 87, 105

Foster, S.A. 112

Freud, Sigmund 48

Fuentes, A. 115

fur seals 63

gambling 115

poker 60

gastrula 39

gene 35, 17, 2728, 6768, 71, 73, 7789, 9798, 101103, 106, 108, 117

genetic 1, 27, 6770, 75, 7880, 82, 83, 84, 86, 88, 89, 91, 99, 102, 107, 110111, 117118

genetic-environment dichotomy 1

genomes 5, 7879, 84, 9798, 107, 110111, 117

Gesese, M. 105

Gissis, S.B. 85, 106

Gluckman, P.D. 104105

Gomendio, M. 62, 94

Gottlieb, G. 20

Grafen, A. 60

grand-offspring 69, 7576

Gray, R.D. 2, 115

Greenwood, P.J. 70

Griffiths, P.E. 2, 78

habituation 6, 73

Hanson, M.A. 104105

height 42, 69, 8283

Helgasson, A. 70

heterarchy 16

Heyes, C. 24

hierarchy 16

rank 4044

Hinde, Robert A. 6, 19, 34

Holmes, J. 22

honey bees

waggle dance 58

Horn, Gabriel 3, 6, 20

house finch 112, 113

Hoyle, G. 31

Huber, L. 24

Human Genome Project 78

Humphrey, Nick 109

hybrid vigour 69

identical twins 84, 85

imprinting 1926, 32, 73, 107. See also behavioural imprinting

filial imprinting 24, 25

in the laboratory 20, 22, 23

in the wild 22

sexual imprinting 2425, 69

inbreeding 4, 6768, 70, 71, 7375, 117

incest 4, 7376, 117118

incest taboo 7374, 75

information 16, 25, 32, 35, 5760, 65, 66, 79, 86, 97

inherited 1, 1011, 68, 77, 82, 86, 110112

innate 1, 2728

innovation 97, 110

instinct 27

interplay 23, 65, 98, 101102

IQ 4243

Israeli kibbutzniks 72

Jablonka, E. 85, 106

Jackson, P.S. 24

Japanese quail 71

Johnson, M.H. 20

jungle fowl 20

Kacelnik, A. 20

Kahlenberg, S.M. 95

Kasamutsu, T. 53

Kasparov, Gary 1314

Keller, E.F. 78

kittens 40, 41, 43, 63, 93

Klopfer, P.H. 39

Knudsen, E.I. 21

Korean War, the 50

Krebs, J.R. 57

Laland, K. 11

learning 6, 11, 1718, 1921, 2326, 28, 35, 7173, 9798, 101, 103, 109111

Lehrman, D.S. 28

Lewontin, R. 79

local optima 95

Luisi, P.L. 3, 29

Maccoby, E.E. 72

major marriage 71, 72

males 16, 60, 71, 91, 9596, 107, 112

Mameli, M. 28

mammals 4, 10, 11, 25, 62, 65, 67, 70, 71, 81, 93, 109, 111, 116, 63

Marconnato, F. 20

Martinho, A. 20

Martin, Paul 78, 13, 40, 93, 97

mating 6768, 70, 75, 94

McKay, D. 55

McKenna, A. 115

memory 6, 13, 44, 107

Mendelian inheritance 82

metabolic rate 104

metamorphoses 40, 43

metaphors 4, 17, 32, 79, 8788, 96, 113, 117

mice 81

Michel, A.P. 107

minor marriage 71, 72

Miska, E.A. 85

mobility 9192

mole 9

Molenaar, P.C.M. 5

mother/child relationship 2123, 34, 6266, 89. See also parent/offspring relationship

bonding 21

in animals 34

in birds 22, 23

in humans 21

mountain delphinium 69

Munz, T. 58

Murray, L. 21

mutation 69, 77, 98, 106

Narvaez, D. 115

natural selection 3, 10, 88, 105, 113

nature vs nurture 27, 101

negotiation 60

Nettle, D. 96

neurobiology 5354

neurons 5354

niche construction 92

niches 111

Noble, Denis 77

noradrenaline 5354

nutrition 6364, 82, 104

offspring 34, 1617, 25, 33, 40, 57, 6166, 6971, 74, 75, 82, 89, 95, 107, 110, 116, 117

Oliverio, A. 47

optimal outbreeding 6970, 75

organism 3, 12, 18, 3537, 77, 7981, 85, 86, 87, 9192, 99100, 105, 106, 108, 111, 113, 115117

outbreeding 4, 6770, 7576, 117

Oyama, S. 2, 79

Paley, William 910

parent/offspring relationship 34, 17, 40, 6266, 82, 95, 116

parents 1, 34, 19, 2326, 30, 35, 43, 49, 57, 6162, 65, 69, 75, 82, 89, 97, 100, 104, 108, 115116. See also bonding

surrogate 2324

peacock 91, 107

personality 43, 44, 49, 79

Pettigrew, J.D. 53

phobia 51

pig 9, 83

plasticity 1, 3435, 4953, 55, 8485, 99100, 105106, 108, 111114

play 56, 24, 27, 49, 62, 72, 75, 80, 9397, 109, 110, 113, 116

acquisition of experience 9495

and creativity 96, 110

and parental overprotection 115

in animals 9394

in humans 9394, 96

socialising role 93, 94

polypeptides 8081

predation 70, 91, 93

predisposition 20, 21, 110, 111

preferences 4, 2021, 22, 30, 49, 55, 7273, 89, 115116

Price, M.V. 69

primatology 6

proteins 80

psychotherapy 51

puberty 39, 43

rat 29, 64

reciprocity 3, 27, 36, 37, 116

recognition of kin 24, 25

red deer 60, 61

Reese, E.P. 23

Regolin, L. 20

reproductive success 16, 61, 63, 64, 65, 67, 73, 88, 105

Rhagoletis pomonella 107

rhesus monkeys 34

rickets 105

RNA 78, 8081, 8586

robustness 1, 36

Rosenblatt, J.S. 28

Rowell, C.H.F. 87

Sargant, William 5152

selection pressure 105

sensitive period 20, 21, 48, 55

sexual selection 107

Shapiro, J. 85

sheep 52, 53

Shenk, D. 5

Shields, J. 84

signalling 5960, 63. See also communication

Simpson, M.J.A. 34

social insects 65. See also honey bees

Spector, T. 84

Spencer, J.P. 5

spouse 69, 72

squabbling 62, 65

Stevenson Hinde, J. 19

stickleback 111

Stockholm syndrome 52

Stotz, K. 78

Strohl, K.P. 44

Sultan, S. 78

systems 2, 3, 4, 12, 1416, 21, 26, 2829, 3133, 3637, 41, 44, 54, 70, 8081, 85, 87, 89, 94, 102103, 111, 113, 115, 117118

Taiwan 71, 72

tantrums 62

teeth 9, 58, 68, 99

thalidomide 99, 102

therapy 48, 51, 55

‘flooding’ 51

Thomas, A.J. 44

Tinbergen, Niko 6, 11

Tobach, E. 28

transactions 28, 118

trauma 51, 5153, 52, 53

Trevarthen, C. 21

Trivers, Robert 61

Turner, D.C. 43

United States of America 50, 51, 53, 61, 67

Valentino, K. 115

Vidal, J.-M. 24

visual system 53

Waddington, C.H. 3, 2829, 31, 50, 85, 102

Waser, N.M. 69

weaning 39, 43, 6165

weather 17, 105

Westermarck, E. 74, 75

Wilson, E.O. 73

Wolf, A.P. 72, 75

Wrangham, R.W. 95

Wright, S. 69

Yudkin, Michael 7

Zahavi, Amotz 59, 60

Zahavi, Avishag 59

Zappella, M. 47