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Index

absolute monarchy 52-53

Abulafia, David 48

Académie Royale des Sciences 64

Acton, Lord (John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton) 5

Agricola, Georgius 110

Agricultural Revolution 19

agriculture 18-19, 59, 67, 69, 73, 77, 97-99

Alberti, Leon Battista 36

alchemy 88, 104, 115

Amsterdam 109

Amsterdam Exchange Bank 109

Anaximander 25

Anaximenes 25

Ancient Egypt. See Egypt

Apollonius 24

Arabic-Islamic mediation 102

Archimedes 24, 36, 37

Arcimboldo, Giuseppe 105

Aristotle 23, 25, 26, 30, 36, 42, 43, 48, 58, 77

assaying 36

astrology 20

astronomy 11-12, 20-21, 23-24, 30, 34, 36, 51, 56, 88, 91-92, 104, 106, 110, 121

Athens 26

Austria 71

Babbage, Charles 85

Babylon 23

Babylonia 22

Bacháček, Martin. See Bachacius, Martin

Bachacius, Martin 107

Bacon, Francis 11, 55, 59, 60, 75-79, 101

Baer, Nicholas Reymarus (Raymers) 104

balance 38

Banská Štiavnica 71

Bauer, Georg. See Agricola, Georgius

Becher, Johann Joachim 115-118, 119-120

Bellarmino, Cardinal Roberto Francesco Romolo 121

Bernal, John Desmond 124

Bible 117, 119-120

Boerhaave, Herman 112

Boháč, Jan Křtitel 69-71

Bohadsch, Johan Tauffer. See Boháč, Jan Křtitel

Bohemia 9, 51, 59, 67, 69-73, 105, 110-112

Bohemian Society of Sciences 72-73

Born, Ignaz (Inigo) von 67, 71-72

Böttger, Johann Friedrich 65

Boyle, Robert 11, 48-53, 56, 58, 62, 113, 115, 120

Boyle’s Law 50

Brahe, Tycho 51, 104, 106, 107

Breslau/Wrócław 107

brewing 51, 110

Brunelleschi, Filippo 36

Bruno, Giordano 103, 120

Bürgi, Jo(o)st 104

Buridan, Jean 42-44, 46

Burnet, Thomas 121

Calvin, John 120

Cambridge 57, 114

capital 47, 122

capitale 46

capitalism 7-9, 8, 47-48, 53, 68, 80, 90-91, 93, 97-99, 102, 109, 122, 124

Cardwell, Donald 33

cartography 34, 36

Catholic League 108

chemistry 49, 115, 119

China 21, 88-99, 102-103

classification 9, 14, 26, 123

Clusius, Carolus 103

Colbert, Jean-Baptiste 64

colonialism 119

Columbus, Christopher 35

combustion 41

Comenius 56-63

communism 6, 8

compass 34-35, 101

Cook, Harold John 102, 108, 109, 111

Copernicus, Nicolaus 11-13, 15, 47, 92

Corfield, Penelope J. 8

cosmology 45, 97-98

cosmos 21, 24-25

Cotes, Roger 114-115

Council of Trent 106

Counter-Reformation 59, 106

Croll, Oswald 103

Crombie, Alistair 11, 29-32, 35, 39

Cunningham, Andrew 83-86

Cusa, Nicolaus of 36, 39

cycle-mindedness 117

Darwin, Charles 13

death 6, 17, 82, 117

Debenham, Frank 95

Dee, John 103

Descartes, René 22, 43, 59, 78-82, 108, 120

Diaz, Bartholomew 35

division of labour 67-68, 76

Dodoens, Rembert 103

Dresden 66

Dutch Republic 108

Efron, Noah J. 106

Egypt 18-19, 23, 36

Einstein, Albert 13

Elizabeth I, Queen of England 107

Elizabeth, Princess of Bohemia 81

empirical knowledge 16, 19, 21

England 15, 50, 55, 59-60, 63

Enlightenment 9, 71-72, 112

Eratosthenes 24, 37

Ercker, Lazarus 110

Euclid 24, 27

Evans, Robert 103, 107

experience 9, 16, 21, 26, 43, 123

experimentation 9, 15, 27, 29, 40, 47, 49-50, 52-53, 77, 123

Farrington, Benjamin 77, 78

fermentation 40-41, 89-90

feudalism 7-9, 8, 47-48, 53, 93, 97-99, 102, 124

Findlen, Paula 103

Finlay, Robert 93-97

Finley, Moses 24

Florence 35, 55

Floris Cohen, Hendrik 92-93

form and matter 25

France 15-16, 63, 108

Fürstenberg, Prince Karl Egon 66, 72

Galen 23, 27

Galilei, Galileo 11, 47, 87, 92, 104, 120, 123

Gama, Vasco da 35, 95

Gans, David 106

Gellner, Ernest 6

Geneva 120

geometry 23, 37, 56, 106

Germany 15, 41, 64-65, 115-116

Ghiberti, Lorenzo 36

Gould, Stephen Jay 18

Graham, Angus Charles 90-92, 93

Grant, Edward 31, 45, 47

gravitation 11

Greece 23, 25

Gresham College 55-58, 63

Gresham, Thomas 56

Gundissalvo, Domingo 37

gunpowder 101-102

Haak, Theodore 58

Habermehl, Erasmus 104

Hagecius, Thaddeous 51-52, 104, 105, 107, 110

Hájek z Hájku, Tadeáš. See Hagecius, Thaddeous

Hall, Alfred Rupert 29, 38, 49, 54, 63, 101-102

Harrison, John 57

Hartlib, Samuel 56, 58-60, 63

Harvey, William 15, 77

heliocentric system 11, 104

heliocentrism 104, 107

Hero 24

Hessen, Boris Mikhailovich 85-86, 113-114

He, Zheng 94-95

Hicks, John 7

Hill, Christopher 8

Hipparchus 20, 24

Hobbes, Thomas 52-53, 78

Hobsbawm, Eric 7, 84-85, 91

Ho, Chêng. See He, Zheng

Holland 60

Holorenshaw, Henry (pseudonym for Needham, Joseph) 96. See also Needham, Joseph

Hooke, Robert 50, 57

Hornigk, Philipp Wilhelm von 68-69

Horský, Zdeněk 105-106, 110

hydrostatics 37

impetus 43-44, 46

Inquisition 120

institutionalisation 49

institutionalisation of science 15, 55, 65

Isaac, Glyn 16

Italy 15

Jáchymov (Joachimsthal) 110

Jessenius, Jan (Johannes) 107

journals 15, 53, 69

Kaye, Joel 44-47

Kelley, Edward 103

Kepler, Johannes 11, 104, 106, 107

Kiernan, Victor 111

Kinsky, Franz Joseph (František Josef) 71-72

Komenský, Jan Amos. See Comenius

Koyré, Alexander 12, 78, 79

Krohn, Wolfgang 76

Kuhn, Thomas S. 13-15, 29-30

Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg) 110

Laplace, Pierre-Simon 41, 85

Lavoisier, Antoine-Laurent 12-13, 39-41

law(s) of nature 15, 22, 77, 97

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm 22, 43, 48, 64-66, 119-120

Leipzig 66

linear perspective 35

Linnaeus, Carolus 68, 69, 111, 120

Linné, Carl von. See Linnaeus, Carolus

Livy 37

Lloyd, Geoffrey 23, 37

Locke, John 67, 113, 115

London 55, 64, 86, 107, 114

Louis XIV, King of France 64

Low Countries 109

magic 104

Maier, Michael 103

Manchester 121

manufactories 67-69

Maria Theresa, Empress 69-70, 112

Maricourt, Pierre de. See Peregrinus, Petrus

market 45, 47, 98, 107-108, 116

Marxism 6, 124

Marx, Karl 7, 68, 80, 98, 103, 114, 121-122

mathematics 24, 27, 30-31, 36, 45, 47, 58, 68, 106, 119

matter 25, 76, 82, 90, 97, 117, 120

mean speed theorem 42, 45

measurements 18

of time 19

mechanical clock 32-34, 48

mechanical philosophy 48

mechanics 11-12, 37, 68

medicine 23-24, 27, 56, 69, 102, 108, 113, 119

mercantile capitalism 97

mercantilism 41, 64, 68, 115

mercantilist policies. See mercantilism

merchant capital 46-47, 85, 102, 116, 124

Mesopotamia 18, 19, 22, 36

Middle Ages 30-31, 35-36, 38-39, 48, 124

mind and body 81-82

Ming dynasty 93

Mitterauer, Michael 98, 102

monetisation 45-47

mysticism 104

Nakayama, Shigeru 92

Nassau, Maurice 108

natura 23

natural philosophy 25, 27, 31-32, 52, 58, 85, 97, 114, 117, 119

Neanderthal burial(s) 5, 17

Needham, Joseph 22, 33, 86-98, 113, 117

Needham’s two ‘Grand Questions’ 86-87

Neolithic Age 18

Neoplatonism 30

Netherlands 109-111

Newton, Isaac 11-12, 15, 22, 43, 44, 53, 62, 85-86, 111, 113-115, 120-121

North, John 85, 104

observation 9, 14, 16, 21, 26, 31, 123

Olieu, Pierre de Jean. See Olivi, Peter John

Olivi, Peter John 46

Olomouc 70-71

Oresme, Nicole 34, 44-46

Oxford 42, 46, 56-57, 59, 63

oxygen theory of combustion 13

Pagel, Walter 117

Palaeolithic art 16

Paris 42-43, 46, 64

Pasteur, Louis 90

Peloponnesian war 26

Peregrinus, Petrus 35

period of manufacture (Manufakturperiode) 68, 80

perpetual motion machines 117

Peru 103

Petrasch, Joseph von 70

Petty, William 67

phlogiston 40-41, 115

phusis 22-23, 26

physics 24, 45, 50, 68, 114, 119

Plato 77

Plutarch 36

Poda, Nicolaus 71

Polanyi, Michael 29

polis 26

Pollock, Susan 18

Polybios 37

Portugal 35

Pozzo Toscanelli, Paolo dal 36

Prague 51, 59, 67, 69-70, 72, 103, 105-107

Prague University 70, 107

precession of the equinoxes 20, 24

Presocratics 25

primitive accumulation of capital 98, 103

principle of conservation of matter 39-41

printing 98, 101-102

Private Learned Society 67, 69, 72

Prussia 64-65, 90

Ptolemy 11, 27, 35-36

quantification 9, 15, 29, 40, 123

of qualities 42

of space 34

of time 32

of weight 36, 38

Reformation 9, 120

religion 20, 61, 96, 111, 120

Renaissance 9, 30, 105, 117, 124

respiration 41

Rome 55

Royal Bohemian Society 72

Royal Society 53-54, 55-58, 60-64, 67, 75

Rozier, François 41

Rudolf II, Emperor 103-107

Saxony 64-65, 72

Schaffer, Simon 49-50, 52-53, 113-114

scientific naturalism 105

scientific societies 15, 62, 67-69

Scripture 98, 120-121, 123

Seguin, Armand 41

Servetus, Michael 120

Shakespeare, William 8

Shapin, Steven 48-53, 83, 90, 113

Sivin, Nathan 88-93

slavery 24-26

Smith, Adam 68, 119

Smolka, Josef 104-106, 111

Society of Unknown Scholars 70

soul 25, 80-82, 120

soul and body 25

space 13, 18

Spain 35, 108, 111

Sprat, Thomas 56, 60-61, 63

Stahl, Georg Ernst 40-41

statics 36-37

Stepling, Joseph 70

Sung, Su 33

Sweden 9, 60

Swieten, Gerard van 112

systematisation 9, 14, 26, 29, 123

Thales 25

theology 31, 57, 120-121, 123

theorising 9, 14, 123

theory of evolution 13

Thirty Years War 64, 82, 107-110, 115-116

Thompson, Edward Palmer 8

time 13, 17-19, 33. See also mechanical clock

Toth, Nicholas 16

Tschirnhaus, Ehrenfried Walther 65-66

Ulm 108

university 31, 47, 67, 70

Uroboros 117

vacuum pump 49

Valois, Philip de 38

Vienna 72

Vinci, Leonardo da 105

Voltaire 11

Wallis, John 57-58

Weber, Max 98

Webster, Charles 56, 58

weight 39-40

Westfall, Richard 120-123

Whewell, William 85

Williams, Perry 83-86