God's Babies: Natalism and Bible Interpretation in Modern America
(visit book homepage)
Cover
Contents
Index
Colophon: Cover, Half-Title, Title, Copyright

Appendix

The database catalogues biblical references in sources by ten natalist writers: Pride, Provan, Heine, Owen, Campbell, Houghton, Mohler, Akin, Carlson, and Watters. This is a representative selection, with five of the large-but-limited type and five of the unlimited type (those who combine natalism with anti-contraceptive ideology). Each use (by reference or quotation) of a biblical text is a separate entry in the database. The main table had the following fields:

source_id

source_page

usage

argument

book_of_bible

chapter

verse_range

standardized_verse

The field “usage” records whether a scripture is quoted in full, in part, paraphrased, only cited, or just appears in a list of scripture references. The field “argument” indicates which type of argument the author supports with the scripture. The fifty codes here map to the smaller set of natalist arguments described in chapter 2. Many biblical references could not be tied to a particular argument and were left unassigned. Citations of non-contiguous verses such as “11, 14” were treated as a single reference. After compiling the database, I noticed counts of popularity were confused by overlapping verse ranges, for example 3-4 and 3-5 (for Psalm 127). I created the field “standardized_verse” to enable production of the verse popularity table below. The few cases where no verse but only the chapter was referenced were also assigned to a standardized verse-range.

Many projects in popular reception of the Bible record allusions, as they lack citations. In this project there was rarely a need to resort to recording allusions as natalists refer to Bible texts explicitly and profusely, except for Mohler who is often allusive. There was originally a field called “weight” in which I tried to quantify how much was done with a Bible citation by a natalist writer, ranging from a one sentence comment up to several pages. I found it often difficult to identify where discussion of one scripture ended and another began, so I abandoned this. If the data could reflect this weighting, my impression is that the preponderance of the two key texts (Genesis 1:28 and Psalm 127) would be stronger than it already is.

The tables below show how many references were made to each Old Testament book, and how many times each verse-range was cited, across the natalist sources that were catalogued. The counts were generated from the database.

Frequency of citation in natalist sources

Count

Book

84

Genesis

12

Exodus

7

Leviticus

1

Numbers

35

Deuteronomy

1

Joshua

1

Judges

2

Ruth

3

1 Samuel

1

2 Samuel

1

1 Kings

1

2 Kings

6

1 Chronicles

1

2 Chronicles

2

Ezra

1

Nehemiah

5

Job

48

Psalms

11

Proverbs

2

Ecclesiastes

17

Isaiah

12

Jeremiah

1

Lamentations

3

Ezekiel

4

Hosea

2

Joel

4

Malachi

Count of Old Testament standardized verse-ranges cited

Count

Book

Ch.

Verse

1

Genesis

1

27

23

Genesis

1

28

1

Genesis

2

18

1

Genesis

2

23

1

Genesis

3

20

10

Genesis

9

1,7

1

Genesis

9

19

2

Genesis

13

16

2

Genesis

15

5

2

Genesis

16

10

1

Genesis

16

2

3

Genesis

17

1-6

1

Genesis

17

15-16

1

Genesis

17

20

1

Genesis

20

18

1

Genesis

22

16-17

1

Genesis

23

3,14

3

Genesis

24

60

1

Genesis

25

21,24

1

Genesis

26

24

2

Genesis

26

3-4

2

Genesis

28

13-14

2

Genesis

28

3

1

Genesis

29

31-34

2

Genesis

30

1-2

1

Genesis

30

22

1

Genesis

30

3

1

Genesis

30

43

2

Genesis

32

12

6

Genesis

35

11-12

2

Genesis

38

9-10

1

Genesis

47

27

1

Genesis

48

4

2

Genesis

49

22,25

1

Exodus

1

12

1

Exodus

1

20

2

Exodus

1

7

1

Exodus

1

9

1

Exodus

12

37

1

Exodus

20

12

3

Exodus

23

26

1

Exodus

23

30

1

Exodus

32

13

1

Leviticus

15

19,28

1

Leviticus

20

13

1

Leviticus

21

17-20

1

Leviticus

22

24

1

Leviticus

26

22

2

Leviticus

26

3,9

1

Numbers

23

10

1

Deuteronomy

1

10-11

1

Deuteronomy

4

27

1

Deuteronomy

4

9-10

1

Deuteronomy

5

16

2

Deuteronomy

6

3

4

Deuteronomy

7

13-14

1

Deuteronomy

7

3-4

1

Deuteronomy

8

1

1

Deuteronomy

10

22

1

Deuteronomy

13

17

1

Deuteronomy

23

1

1

Deuteronomy

25

11-12

2

Deuteronomy

25

6

1

Deuteronomy

26

5

1

Deuteronomy

28

1

2

Deuteronomy

28

18

1

Deuteronomy

28

3

7

Deuteronomy

28

4,11

2

Deuteronomy

28

62

1

Deuteronomy

30

16

1

Deuteronomy

30

19-20

1

Deuteronomy

30

9

1

Deuteronomy

33

6

1

Joshua

7

9

1

Judges

11

37

2

Ruth

4

11

1

1 Samuel

1

10,20

1

1 Samuel

1

8

1

1 Samuel

2

21

1

2 Samuel

12

23

1

1 Kings

4

25-26

1

2 Kings

19

29-31

1

1 Chronicles

4

38

2

1 Chronicles

25

5

2

1 Chronicles

26

4-5

1

1 Chronicles

27

23

1

2 Chronicles

1

9

1

Ezra

9

2

1

Ezra

10

3

1

Nehemiah

9

23

2

Job

5

25

1

Job

10

11

1

Job

12

7-8

1

Job

42

13

1

Psalms

1

3

1

Psalms

33

11

1

Psalms

37

25

1

Psalms

37

26

1

Psalms

37

28

1

Psalms

37

38

1

Psalms

48

13

1

Psalms

68

6

1

Psalms

78

6

1

Psalms

80

11

2

Psalms

92

12-14

1

Psalms

105

24

2

Psalms

107

38,41

1

Psalms

109

10-13

4

Psalms

112

2

1

Psalms

113

9

1

Psalms

115

14

18

Psalms

127

3-5

9

Psalms

128

1-6

1

Psalms

144

12

1

Proverbs

2

17

1

Proverbs

5

18

3

Proverbs

14

28

2

Proverbs

17

6

1

Proverbs

20

7

2

Proverbs

22

6

1

Proverbs

30

16

1

Ecclesiastes

3

1-2

1

Ecclesiastes

12

1

1

Isaiah

8

18

2

Isaiah

9

7

1

Isaiah

11

1

1

Isaiah

26

15

2

Isaiah

27

6

1

Isaiah

29

23

1

Isaiah

38

19

1

Isaiah

48

18-19

1

Isaiah

49

2

3

Isaiah

54

1-6

1

Isaiah

59

21

2

Isaiah

66

22

1

Jeremiah

1

5

1

Jeremiah

10

20

1

Jeremiah

17

7-8

1

Jeremiah

23

3

4

Jeremiah

29

4-6

2

Jeremiah

30

19

1

Jeremiah

32

39

1

Jeremiah

33

22

1

Lamentations

4

3

1

Ezekiel

36

10-11

1

Ezekiel

36

11

1

Ezekiel

47

12

1

Hosea

1

10

1

Hosea

4

10

2

Hosea

9

11-14,16

1

Joel

1

3

1

Joel

1

8

4

Malachi

2

15