Knowledge and the Norm of Assertion: An Essay in Philosophical Science

Knowledge and the Norm of Assertion: An Essay in Philosophical Science John Turri
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Language is a human universal reflecting our deeply social nature. Among its essential functions, language enables us to quickly and efficiently share information. We tell each other that many things are true—that is, we routinely make assertions. Information shared this way plays a critical role in the decisions and plans we make. In Knowledge and the Norm of Assertion, a distinguished philosopher and cognitive scientist investigates the rules or norms that structure our social practice of assertion. Combining evidence from philosophy, psychology, and biology, John Turri shows that knowledge is the central norm of assertion and explains why knowledge plays this role.

Concise, comprehensive, non-technical, and thoroughly accessible, this volume quickly brings readers to the cutting edge of a major research program at the intersection of philosophy and science. It presupposes no philosophical or scientific training. It will be of interest to philosophers and scientists, is suitable for use in graduate and undergraduate courses, and will appeal to general readers interested in human nature, social cognition, and communication.

The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada has generously contributed towards the publication of this volume.


Knowledge and the Norm of Assertion: An Essay in Philosophical Science
John Turri | February 2016
x + 116 | 6.14" x 9.21" (234 x 156 mm)
ISBN Paperback: 9781783741830
ISBN Hardback: 9781783741847
ISBN Digital (PDF): 9781783741854
ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 9781783741861
ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 9781783741878
DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0083
BIC subject codes: HPK (Philosophy: epistemology and theory of knowledge), GTR (Cognitive science), CFA (Philosophy of language)


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Acknowledgments
Introduction

1. Evidence and Argument
Observational Data
Experimental Data
The Argument
The Explanation
   Prefatory Remarks
   More Challenging

2. Extensions and Connections
Know How
Guaranteed Knowledge
Knowledge Valued
Outstanding Questions
Reaching Understanding
Liar’s Knowledge

3. Objections and Replies
Ignorant Assertions
   Unlucky Falsehoods
   Lucky Truths
Excuses, Excuses
Irrelevant Assessments
Weak Challenges
Pre-Theoretic Data
Apocryphal Paradox
Unbelievable Objections
Certain Competition
No Contest

4. Prospects and Horizons
What "Should”?
Good Enough?
Super Norm?
   Requisite Truth
   Requisite Knowledge
   Inside and Out
   Intuitive Connections
   A Coincidence?
Why Knowledge?

Coda
References
Index

John Turri
is an Associate Professor of Philosophy and a member of the Cognitive Science Program at the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada. He directs the Philosophical Science Lab, research from which is regularly published in leading philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science journals.