Love and tragedy dominate book four of Virgil’s most powerful work, building on the violent emotions invoked by the storms, battles, warring gods, and monster-plagued wanderings of the epic’s opening.
Destined to be the founder of Roman culture, Aeneas, nudged by the gods, decides to leave his beloved Dido, causing her suicide in pursuit of his historical destiny. A dark plot, in which erotic passion culminates in sex, and sex leads to tragedy and death in the human realm, unfolds within the larger horizon of a supernatural sphere, dominated by power-conscious divinities. Dido is Aeneas’ most significant other, and in their encounter Virgil explores timeless themes of love and loyalty, fate and fortune, the justice of the gods, imperial ambition and its victims, and ethnic differences.
This course book offers a portion of the original Latin text, study questions, a commentary, and interpretative essays. Designed to stretch and stimulate readers, Ingo Gildenhard’s incisive commentary will be of particular interest to students of Latin at both A2 and undergraduate level. It extends beyond detailed linguistic analysis to encourage critical engagement with Virgil’s poetry and discussion of the most recent scholarly thought.
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Since publication this book has been viewed over 6800 times (last updated November 2013).
This volume is part of the Classics Textbooks
: 2054-2437 (Print)
: 2054-2445 (Online)
Title:Virgil, Aeneid, 4.1–299: Latin Text, Study Questions, Commentary and Interpretative Essays
Number of pages:
6.14" x 9.21" | 234 x 156 mm
BIC subject codes:
HBLA1 (Classical civilization), CFP (translation), 4KL (A-Levels aid)
1 black & white
ISBN Digital (PDF):
ISBN Digital ebook (epub):
ISBN Digital ebook (mobi):
© 2012 Ingo Gildenhard
This license allows you to share, copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the work, but not for commerical purposes. The work must be attributed to the respective authors (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). Attribution should include the following information:
Gildenhard, Ingo. Virgil, Aeneid 4.1–299
. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers, 2012.
Further details about CC-BY-NC licenses are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/
is Lecturer in the Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, and a Fellow of King’s College Cambridge. His previous publications include the monographs Paideia Romana: Cicero’s Tusculan Disputations
(Cambridge, 2007) and Creative Eloquence: The Construction of Reality in Cicero’s Speeches
(Oxford, 2011). He has also published another textbook with Open Book Publishers, Cicero, Against Verres, 2.1.53-86