Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe-Biesterfeld was a rebellious young writer who became a fervent Nazi. Heinrich Vogeler was a well-regarded artist who was to join the German Communist Party. Ludwig Roselius was a successful businessman who had made a fortune from his invention of decaffeinated coffee. What was it about the revolutionary climate following World War I that induced three such different personalities to collaborate in the production of a slim volume of poetry—entitled Gott in Mir—about the indwelling of the divine within the human?
Gossman's study situates the poem in the ideological context that made the collaboration possible: pantheism, Darwinism, disillusionment with traditional liberal values, theosophy and völkisch religions, and Lebensreform. The study outlines the subsequent life of the Princess who, until her death in 1993, continued to support and celebrate the ideals and heroes of National Socialism. Brownshirt Princess provides deep insight into the sources and character of the "Nazi Conscience", and is invaluable reading for anybody interested in understanding German society during the inter-war and Nazi periods.
Title: Brownshirt Princess: A Study of the 'Nazi Conscience'
Author: Lionel Gossman
Publication date: April 2009
Number of pages: 202
Dimensions: 6.14” x 9.21” | 234mm x 156mm
Illustrations: 21 black and white
BIC Subject Code: HBJD (European history), BG (Biography)
ISBN Paperback: 978-1-906924-06-5
ISBN Hardback: 978-1-906924-07-2
ISBN Digital (PDF): 978-1-906924-08-9
Introduction: An Unusual Book and a Strange Collaboration
Part I: Seeking a New Religion: Gott in Mir
1. The Title
2. The Epigraph and the Envoy
3. The Poem
4. Appendix to Part I: The Völkisch Rejection of Christianity
Part II: Serving New Gods
5. Marie Adelheid, Prinzessin Reuß-zur Lippe: Society, Ideology, and Politics
6. Nordische Frau und Nordischer Glaube
7. Die Overbroocks
8. After 1945: Unrepentant Neo-Nazi
9. Concluding Reflections
© 2009 Lionel Gossman
Brownshirt Princess: A Study of the 'Nazi Conscience' is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - Noncommercial - No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales License.
Further details about CC-BY-NC-ND licenses are available at:
Online Appendix A: Gott in Mir
1. Scan of the original - from Firestone Library, Princeton University.
2. A translation into English of Gott in Mir
Online Appendix B: Image Portfolios
Image Portfolio 1. From Jugendstil to Agitprop. The itinerary of Heinrich Vogeler.
Image Portfolio 2. Identifying with God and the Cosmos. A selection of works by artists of the period 1880-1933 - paintings, drawings, book illustrations - expressing a religiosity similar to that of Gott in Mir.